regex - with - How do I use a new-line replacement in a BSD sed?




unescaped newline inside substitute pattern (3)

Another way:

sed -e 's/ /\'$'\n/g'

See here.

Greetings, how do I perform the following in BSD sed?

sed 's/ /\n/g'

From the man-page it states that \n will be treated literally within a replacement string, how do I avoid this behavior? Is there an alternate?

I'm using Mac OS Snow Leopard, I may install fink to get GNU sed.


For ease of use, i personally often use

cr="\n" 
# or (depending version and OS)
cr="
"

sed "s/ /\\${cr}/g"

so it stays on 1 line.


To expand on @sikmir's answer: In Bash, which is the default shell on Mac OS X, all you need to do is place a $ character in front of the quoted string containing the escape sequence that you want to get interpreted. Bash will automatically translate it for you.

For example, I removed all MS-DOS carriage returns from all the source files in lib/ and include/ by writing:

grep -lr $'\r' lib include | xargs sed -i -e $'s/\r//'
find . -name '*-e' -delete

BSD grep would have interpreted '\r' correctly on its own, but using $'\r' doesn't hurt.

BSD sed would have misinterpreted 's/\r//' on its own, but by using $'s/\r//', I avoided that trap.

Notice that we can put $ in front of the entire string, and it will take care of all the escape sequences in the whole string.

$ echo $'hello\b\\world'
hell\world




bsd