xml - with - xslt preceding-sibling




XPath:Get nodes where child node contains an attribute (4)

I would think your own suggestion is correct, however the xml is not quite valid. If you are running the //book[title[@lang='it']] on <root>[Your"XML"Here]</root> then the free online xPath testers such as one here will find the expected result.

Suppose I have the following XML:

<book category="CLASSICS">
  <title lang="it">Purgatorio</title>
  <author>Dante Alighieri</author>
  <year>1308</year>
  <price>30.00</price>
</book>

<book category="CLASSICS">
  <title lang="it">Inferno</title>
  <author>Dante Alighieri</author>
  <year>1308</year>
  <price>30.00</price>
</book>

<book category="CHILDREN">
  <title lang="en">Harry Potter</title>
  <author>J K. Rowling</author>
  <year>2005</year>
  <price>29.99</price>
</book>

<book category="WEB">
  <title lang="en">XQuery Kick Start</title>
  <author>James McGovern</author>
  <author>Per Bothner</author>
  <author>Kurt Cagle</author>
  <author>James Linn</author>
  <author>Vaidyanathan Nagarajan</author>
  <year>2003</year>
  <price>49.99</price>
</book>

<book category="WEB">
  <title lang="en">Learning XML</title>
  <author>Erik T. Ray</author>
  <year>2003</year>
  <price>39.95</price>
</book>

I would like to do an xpath that gets back all book nodes that have a title node with a language attribute of "it".

My attempt looked something like this:

//book[title[@lang='it']]

But that didn't work. I expect to get back the nodes:

<book category="CLASSICS">
  <title lang="it">Purgatorio</title>
  <author>Dante Alighieri</author>
  <year>1308</year>
  <price>30.00</price>
</book>

<book category="CLASSICS">
  <title lang="it">Inferno</title>
  <author>Dante Alighieri</author>
  <year>1308</year>
  <price>30.00</price>
</book>

Any hints? Thanks in advance.


Try to use this xPath expression:

//book/title[@lang='it']/..

That should give you all book nodes in "it" lang


Years later, but a useful option would be to utilize XPath Axes (https://www.w3schools.com/xml/xpath_axes.asp). More specifically, you are looking to use the descendants axes.

I believe this example would do the trick:

//book[descendant::title[@lang='it']]

This allows you to select all book elements that contain a child title element (regardless of how deep it is nested) containing language attribute value equal to 'it'.

I cannot say for sure whether or not this answer is relevant to the year 2009 as I am not 100% certain that the XPath Axes existed at that time. What I can confirm is that they do exist today and I have found them to be extremely useful in XPath navigation and I am sure you will as well.


//book[title[@lang='it']]

is actually equivalent to

 //book[title/@lang = 'it']

I tried it using vtd-xml, both expressions spit out the same result... what xpath processing engine did you use? I guess it has conformance issue Below is the code

import com.ximpleware.*;
public class test1 {
  public static void main(String[] s) throws Exception{
      VTDGen vg = new VTDGen();
      if (vg.parseFile("c:/books.xml", true)){
          VTDNav vn = vg.getNav();
          AutoPilot ap = new AutoPilot(vn);
          ap.selectXPath("//book[title[@lang='it']]");
                  //ap.selectXPath("//book[title/@lang='it']");

          int i;
          while((i=ap.evalXPath())!=-1){
              System.out.println("index ==>"+i);
          }
          /*if (vn.endsWith(i, "< test")){
             System.out.println(" good ");  
          }else
              System.out.println(" bad ");*/

      }
  }
}






xpath