python - visual - Running Cython in Windows x64-fatal error C1083: Cannot open include file: 'basetsd.h': No such file or directory




visual studio 2010 error c1083 cannot open include file (3)

I have been trying to install Cython for Python 2.7 on my Window 7 system. In particular, I prefer everything in 64 bits. (In case you wonder, I need Cython because Cython is one of the components I need for another package for some specialized numerical analysis. And x64 is potentially an advantage for storage of large data sets.)

So I downloaded the x64 Python 2.7 from the official website. Got Cython from Christoph Gohlke. The amd64 version for Python 2.7 of course. Before I installed, I added Python 2.7 into the registry with the .reg file found in Joe DF's answer here. Afterwards, I installed the Visual C++ compiler from here (I don't think it works) and here (but this one should). At this point, I have in my C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 9.0\VC\bin directory all of vcvars32.bat, vcvars64.bat, vcvars86_amd64.bat, vcvarsx86_ia64.bat. I ran vcvars64.bat and there was no error message.

Subsequently, I followed this page to create a "hello world" test file.

Then, I got this error.

...\Tests>python setup.py build_ext --inplace
running build_ext
building 'hello' extension
error: Unable to find vcvarsall.bat

So I thought to myself: Well, Cython can't find that file because it does not exist. (I searched my whole harddrive for it.) So I copied vcvars64.bat from ...\VC\bin to \VC and changed the name to vcvarsall.bat. Now vcvarsall error is gone. And ... naturally, a new error emerges.

...\Tests>python setup.py build_ext --inplace
running build_ext
building 'hello' extension
C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 9.0\VC\BIN\amd64\cl.exe /c /nolog
o /Ox /MD /W3 /GS- /DNDEBUG -IC:\Python27\include -IC:\Python27\PC /Tchello.c /F
obuild\temp.win-amd64-2.7\Release\hello.obj
hello.c
C:\Python27\include\pyconfig.h(227) : fatal error C1083: Cannot open include fil
e: 'basetsd.h': No such file or directory
error: command '"C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 9.0\VC\BIN\amd64
\cl.exe"' failed with exit status 2

Now I have no idea how to proceed. What should I do? Your help is much appreciated.

(For clarity, I did try setting the compiler to Mingw32. But there are other errors. I am focusing on getting VC to work for now.)


EDIT: I tried using the SDK build environment CMD following the instructions on this page. I received the same error.


For suggestion, you can try it for build cython 64 bit with setup.py

I'm using Anaconda for python distribution, Microsoft's Windopws SDK 7, and MSVC 12.0.

Firstly, I make library for my cuda function, Second, I run python setup.py build_ext -i for make temp folder (you wil get error), then compile Makefile below,

Mostly, I get this from setup.py when it is compile 32 bit app, then change it for compile 64 bit.

Makefile

CL_EXE      = "C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 12.0\VC\bin\amd64\cl.exe"
LINK_EXE    = "C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 12.0\VC\bin\amd64\link.exe"

CL_FLAGS    = /c /nologo /Ox /MD /W3 /GS- /DNDEBUG /O2 /fp:fast
CL_INC      = -I. -I"C:\Program Files\Microsoft SDKs\Windows\v7.1\Include" \
            -I"C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 12.0\VC\include" -IC:\Users\name\Anaconda2\envs\py27\Lib\site-packages\numpy\core\include -IC:\Users\name\Anaconda2\envs\py27\include -IC:\Users\name\Anaconda2\envs\py27\PC 

LINK_FLAGS      = /DLL /nologo /INCREMENTAL:NO /MACHINE:X64
LINK_LIBPATH    = "/LIBPATH:C:\Program Files\NVIDIA GPU Computing Toolkit\CUDA\v7.5\lib\x64" \
                    /LIBPATH:C:\Users\name\Anaconda2\envs\py27\libs \
                    /LIBPATH:C:\Users\name\Anaconda2\envs\py27\PCbuild\amd64 \
                    /LIBPATH:C:\Users\name\Anaconda2\envs\py27\PC\VS9.0\amd64 \
                    "/LIBPATH:C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 12.0\VC\lib\amd64" \
                    "/LIBPATH:C:\Program Files\Microsoft SDKs\Windows\v7.1\Lib\x64"
LINK_LIB        = cuda_multiply4D.lib cudart.lib MSVCRT.lib kernel32.lib
LINK_EXPORT     = /EXPORT:initmy_cuda
LINK_OBJ        = build\temp.win-amd64-2.7\Release\my_cuda.obj
LINK_OUT        = "/OUT:E:\my_cuda.pyd"
LINK_OTHER_CONF = /IMPLIB:build\temp.win-amd64-2.7\Release\my_cuda.lib /MANIFESTFILE:build\temp.win-amd64-2.7\Release\my_cuda.pyd.manifest 

all:
    $(CL_EXE) $(CL_FLAGS) $(CL_INC) /Tcmy_cuda.c /Fobuild\temp.win-amd64-2.7\Release\my_cuda.obj
    $(LINK_EXE) $(LINK_FLAGS) $(LINK_LIBPATH) $(LINK_LIB) $(LINK_EXPORT) $(LINK_OBJ) $(LINK_OUT) $(LINK_OTHER_CONF)

Note:

  • MSVCRT.lib kernel32.lib are optional,
  • /EXPORT:initmy_cuda is mandatory. Its format init%yourfilename_WO_Ext%
  • "/OUT:E:\my_cuda.pyd" for determine your output location, its filename, and its extension.

For those with Windows 10, download the SDK from here to fix the header file basestd.h.

I downloaded the .exe, installed and worked great. SDK was ~2.3GB.

Note: For those like me with 64-bit systems who got an additional error:

`LINK : fatal error LNK1158: cannot run 'rc.exe'
    error: command 'C:\\Program Files (x86)\\Microsoft Visual Studio 14.0\\VC\\BIN\\x86_amd64\\link.exe' failed with exit status 1158

There is a great answer here which solves the problem by placing the rc.exe file in the correct folder for your system.


In case anyone is currently (2017) facing same error with visual C++ 2015 tools, launch setup again and also select windows 8.1 / 10 SDK depending upon your OS. This will fix basestd.h error.

If it is still not working, try launching build tools from: C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual C++ Build Tools.

Another alternative would be, just install anaconda 2 or 3 (64 bit if also you don't want memory errors). It contains all the important packages prebuilt: sklearn, matplotlib, scipy, numpy, pandas and even web development frameworks such as flask.





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