homebrew - sbin - usr/local/lib/pkgconfig is not writable




Homebrew: Could not symlink,/usr/local/bin is not writable (10)

For those who are looking for /usr/local/sbin is not writable error:

UPDATE: It could be /usr/local/someOtherFolderName e.g /usr/local/include . You just need to create that folder with:

  • sudo mkdir someOtherFolderName

First create the sbin folder, note that this requires sudo privileges

  • cd /usr/local

  • sudo mkdir sbin

  • sudo chown -R $(whoami) $(brew --prefix)/*

  • brew link yourPackageName

While installing tig , HomeBrew is displaying the following issues while installing a dependency:

Error: The `brew link` step did not complete successfully
The formula built, but is not symlinked into /usr/local
Could not symlink bin/a2x
/usr/local/bin is not writable.

You can try again using:
  brew link asciidoc

Following Alex's answer I was able to resolve this issue; seems this to be an issue non specific to the packages being installed but of the permissions of homebrew folders.

sudo chown -R `whoami`:admin /usr/local/bin

For some packages, you may also need to do this to /usr/local/share or /usr/local/opt :

sudo chown -R `whoami`:admin /usr/local/share
sudo chown -R `whoami`:admin /usr/local/opt


For those that are not familiar:

sudo chown -R YOUR_COMPUTER_USER_NAME PATH_OF_FILE

I found same problem, we can resolve in three steps:-

Step 1

sudo chown -R $(whoami) $(brew --prefix)/*

Step 2

brew doctor

Step 3

brew prune

If you still get any linking problem, lets say for mysql , just write

brew link mysql

This will work.



If you go to the folder in finder, right click and select "Get Info" you can go to the "Sharing and Permissions" section for the folder and allow "Read & Write" to "everyone"

This is what I do to make symlinks pass with this error. Also brew seems to reset the permissions on the folder also as if you hadn't altered anything


My problem was

Error: Could not symlink share/man/man7/ABORT.7
/usr/local/share/man/man7 is not writable.

chown didn't help, but i followed running brew doctor advices and this warning helped me:

Warning: Broken symlinks were found. Remove them with `brew prune`:
/usr/local/share/man/man3/* 

After brew prune all worked fine!


The other answers are correct, as far as they go, but they don't answer why this issue might be occurring, and how to address that root cause.

Cause

There are two possible causes to this issue:

  1. The homebrew installation was performed with a user other than the one you are currently using. Homebrew expects that only the user that installed it originally would ever want to use it.
  2. You installed some software that writes to /usr/local without using brew. This is the cause brew doctor suggests, if you run it.

Solution

Multiuser Homebrew

If you have multiple user accounts, and you want more than one of them to be able to use brew, you need to run through a few steps, otherwise you will constantly have to change ownership of the Homebrew file structure every time you switch users, and that's not a great idea.

Detailed instructions can be found online , but the quick answer is this:

  1. Create a group named brew:

    1. Open System preferences
    2. Click Accounts
    3. Click the "+" (unlock first if necessary)
    4. Under New account select Group
    5. enter brew
    6. Click Create Group
  2. Select the brew group, and add the user accounts you want to use brew to it.
  3. change the /usr/local folder group ownership: sudo chgrp -R brew /usr/local
  4. change the permissions to add write to /usr/local as group: sudo chmod -R g+w /usr/local
  5. change homebrew cache directory group: sudo chgrp -R brew /Library/Caches/Homebrew
  6. change the homebrew cache directory permissions: sudo chmod -R g+w /Library/Caches/Homebrew

Single User Homebrew

If you're not trying to use more than one user with Homebrew, then the solution provided by the other answers, based on the suggestions of brew doctor is probably sufficient:

sudo chown -R $(whoami) /usr/local

sudo chown -R $(whoami) /Library/Caches/Homebrew

Verification

After these steps, brew doctor should report success by any user in the brew group, assuming you've logged out and back in to apply the new group memberships (if you went the multiuser route). If you just corrected things for single user homebrew, then logging out and back in shouldn't be necessary as none of your group memberships have changed.


This is because the current user is not permitted to write in that path. So, to change r/w (read/write) permissions you can either use 1. terminal, or 2. Graphical "Get Info" window.

1. Using Terminal

Google how to use chmod/chown (change mode/change owner) commands from terminal

2. Using graphical 'Get Info'

You can right click on the folder/file you want to change permissions of, then open Get Info which will show you a window like below at the bottom of which you can easily change r/w permissions:

Remember to change the permission back to "read only" after your temporary work, if possible







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