ios json - POST request with a simple string in body with Alamofire





swift parameters (8)


You can do this:

  1. I created a separated request Alamofire object.
  2. Convert string to Data
  3. Put in httpBody the data

    var request = URLRequest(url: URL(string: url)!)
    request.httpMethod = HTTPMethod.post.rawValue
    request.setValue("application/json", forHTTPHeaderField: "Content-Type")
    
    let pjson = attendences.toJSONString(prettyPrint: false)
    let data = (pjson?.data(using: .utf8))! as Data
    
    request.httpBody = data
    
    Alamofire.request(request).responseJSON { (response) in
    
    
        print(response)
    
    }
    

how is it possible to send a POST request with a simple string in the HTTP body with Alamofire in my iOS app?

As default Alamofire needs parameters for a request:

Alamofire.request(.POST, "http://mywebsite.com/post-request", parameters: ["foo": "bar"])

These parameters contain key-value-pairs. But I don't want to send a request with a key-value string in the HTTP body.

I mean something like this:

Alamofire.request(.POST, "http://mywebsite.com/post-request", body: "myBodyString")



I modified @Silmaril's answer to extend Alamofire's Manager. This solution uses EVReflection to serialize an object directly:

//Extend Alamofire so it can do POSTs with a JSON body from passed object
extension Alamofire.Manager {
    public class func request(
        method: Alamofire.Method,
        _ URLString: URLStringConvertible,
          bodyObject: EVObject)
        -> Request
    {
        return Manager.sharedInstance.request(
            method,
            URLString,
            parameters: [:],
            encoding: .Custom({ (convertible, params) in
                let mutableRequest = convertible.URLRequest.copy() as! NSMutableURLRequest
                mutableRequest.HTTPBody = bodyObject.toJsonString().dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding, allowLossyConversion: false)
                return (mutableRequest, nil)
            })
        )
    }
}

Then you can use it like this:

Alamofire.Manager.request(.POST, endpointUrlString, bodyObject: myObjectToPost)



I have done it for array from strings. This solution is adjusted for string in body.

The "native" way from Alamofire 4:

struct JSONStringArrayEncoding: ParameterEncoding {
private let myString: String

init(string: String) {
    self.myString = string
}

func encode(_ urlRequest: URLRequestConvertible, with parameters: Parameters?) throws -> URLRequest {
    var urlRequest = urlRequest.urlRequest

      let data = myString.data(using: .utf8)!

    if urlRequest?.value(forHTTPHeaderField: "Content-Type") == nil {
        urlRequest?.setValue("application/json", forHTTPHeaderField: "Content-Type")
    }

    urlRequest?.httpBody = data

    return urlRequest!
}}

And then make your request with:

Alamofire.request("your url string", method: .post, parameters: [:], encoding: JSONStringArrayEncoding.init(string: "My string for body"), headers: [:])



Xcode 8.X , Swift 3.X

Easy Use;

 let params:NSMutableDictionary? = ["foo": "bar"];
            let ulr =  NSURL(string:"http://mywebsite.com/post-request" as String)
            let request = NSMutableURLRequest(url: ulr! as URL)
            request.httpMethod = "POST"
            request.setValue("application/json", forHTTPHeaderField: "Content-Type")
            let data = try! JSONSerialization.data(withJSONObject: params!, options: JSONSerialization.WritingOptions.prettyPrinted)

            let json = NSString(data: data, encoding: String.Encoding.utf8.rawValue)
            if let json = json {
                print(json)
            }
            request.httpBody = json!.data(using: String.Encoding.utf8.rawValue);


            Alamofire.request(request as! URLRequestConvertible)
                .responseJSON { response in
                    // do whatever you want here
                   print(response.request)  
                   print(response.response) 
                   print(response.data) 
                   print(response.result)

            }



Your example Alamofire.request(.POST, "http://mywebsite.com/post-request", parameters: ["foo": "bar"]) already contains "foo=bar" string as its body. But if you really want string with custom format. You can do this:

Alamofire.request(.POST, "http://mywebsite.com/post-request", parameters: [:], encoding: .Custom({
            (convertible, params) in
            var mutableRequest = convertible.URLRequest.copy() as NSMutableURLRequest
            mutableRequest.HTTPBody = "myBodyString".dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding, allowLossyConversion: false)
            return (mutableRequest, nil)
        }))

Note: parameters should not be nil

UPDATE (Alamofire 4.0, Swift 3.0):

In Alamofire 4.0 API has changed. So for custom encoding we need value/object which conforms to ParameterEncoding protocol.

extension String: ParameterEncoding {

    public func encode(_ urlRequest: URLRequestConvertible, with parameters: Parameters?) throws -> URLRequest {
        var request = try urlRequest.asURLRequest()
        request.httpBody = data(using: .utf8, allowLossyConversion: false)
        return request
    }

}

Alamofire.request("http://mywebsite.com/post-request", method: .post, parameters: [:], encoding: "myBody", headers: [:])



If you want to post string as raw body in request

return Alamofire.request(.POST, "http://mywebsite.com/post-request" , parameters: [:], encoding: .Custom({
            (convertible, params) in
            let mutableRequest = convertible.URLRequest.copy() as! NSMutableURLRequest

            let data = ("myBodyString" as NSString).dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)
            mutableRequest.HTTPBody = data
            return (mutableRequest, nil)
        }))



If you use Alamofire, it is enough to encoding type to "URLEncoding.httpBody"

With that, you can send your data as a string in the httpbody allthough you defined it json in your code.

It worked for me..

UPDATED for

  var url = "http://..."
    let _headers : HTTPHeaders = ["Content-Type":"application/x-www-form-urlencoded"]
    let params : Parameters = ["grant_type":"password","username":"mail","password":"pass"]

    let url =  NSURL(string:"url" as String)

    request(url, method: .post, parameters: params, encoding: URLEncoding.httpBody , headers: _headers).responseJSON(completionHandler: {
        response in response

        let jsonResponse = response.result.value as! NSDictionary

        if jsonResponse["access_token"] != nil
        {
            access_token = String(describing: jsonResponse["accesstoken"]!)

        }

    })



You could use cURL:

<?php
//The url you wish to send the POST request to
$url = $file_name;

//The data you want to send via POST
$fields = [
    '__VIEWSTATE '      => $state,
    '__EVENTVALIDATION' => $valid,
    'btnSubmit'         => 'Submit'
];

//url-ify the data for the POST
$fields_string = http_build_query($fields);

//open connection
$ch = curl_init();

//set the url, number of POST vars, POST data
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_URL, $url);
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_POST, count($fields));
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $fields_string);

//So that curl_exec returns the contents of the cURL; rather than echoing it
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true); 

//execute post
$result = curl_exec($ch);
echo $result;
?>




ios http swift request alamofire