file linux - How do I find files that do not contain a given string pattern?




6 Answers

If your grep has the -L (or --files-without-match) option:

$ grep -L "foo" *
does if

How do I find out the files in the current directory which do not contain the word foo (using grep)?




The following command gives me all the files that do not contain the pattern foo:

find .  -not  -ipath '.*svn*' -exec  grep  -H -E -o -c  "foo"  {} \; | grep 0



You will actually need:

find .  -not  -ipath '.*svn*' -exec  grep  -H -E -o -c  "foo"  {} \; | grep :0\$



Open bug report

As commented by @tukan, there is an open bug report for Ag regarding the -L/--files-without-matches flag:

As there is little progress to the bug report, the -L option mentioned below should not be relied on, not as long as the bug has not been resolved. Use different approaches presented in this thread instead. Citing a comment for the bug report [emphasis mine]:

Any updates on this? -L completely ignores matches on the first line of the file. Seems like if this isn't going to be fixed soon, the flag should be removed entirely, as it effectively does not work as advertised at all.


The Silver Searcher - Ag (intended function - see bug report)

As a powerful alternative to grep, you could use the The Silver Searcher - Ag:

A code searching tool similar to ack, with a focus on speed.

Looking at man ag, we find the -L or --files-without-matches option:

...

OPTIONS
    ...

    -L --files-without-matches
           Only print the names of files that don´t contain matches.

I.e., to recursively search for files that do not match foo, from current directory:

ag -L foo

To only search current directory for files that do not match foo, simply specify --depth=0 for the recursion:

ag -L foo --depth 0



find *20161109* -mtime -2|grep -vwE "(TRIGGER)"

You can specify the filter under "find" and the exclusion string under "grep -vwE". Use mtime under find if you need to filter on modified time too.




The following command could help you to filter the lines which include the substring "foo".

cat file | grep -v "foo"



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