print - python opts




python optparse, how to include additional info in usage output? (4)

Another idea on how to do this would be disabling the default behavior for -h and printing your own help screen, which can include the default one:

from optparse import OptionParser

parser = OptionParser(add_help_option=False, 
                      epilog="This can't be easily\n multilined")
parser.add_option('-h', '--help', dest='help', action='store_true',
                  help='show this help message and exit')

(options, args) = parser.parse_args()

if options.help:
    parser.print_help()
    print 'now we have an epilog'
    print 'with as many lines as you wish'
    sys.exit()

That is basically what the parser does with the default behavior of add_help_option=True, excluding of course the prints.

But, in all honesty, I'd also prefer a way to simply add any given number of description lines in the beginning and in the end.

Using python's optparse module I would like to add extra example lines below the regular usage output. My current help_print() output looks like this:

usage: check_dell.py [options]

options:
-h, --help     show this help message and exit
-s, --storage  checks virtual and physical disks
-c, --chassis  checks specified chassis components

I would like it to include usage examples for the less *nix literate users at my work. Something like this:

usage: check_dell.py [options]

options:
-h, --help     show this help message and exit
-s, --storage  checks virtual and physical disks
-c, --chassis  checks specified chassis components

Examples:

check_dell -c all
check_dell -c fans memory voltage
check_dell -s

How would I accomplish this? What optparse options allow for such? Current code:

import optparse

def main():
    parser = optparse.OptionParser()
    parser.add_option('-s', '--storage', action='store_true', default=False, help='checks virtual and physical disks')
    parser.add_option('-c', '--chassis', action='store_true', default=False, help='checks specified chassis components')

(opts, args) = parser.parse_args()

Elaborating on the winning answer (which helped me solve the same problem in my own code), one quick-and-dirty option is to directly override the class's method with an identity method:

optparse.OptionParser.format_epilog = lambda self, formatter: self.epilog
optparser = optparse.OptionParser(epilog=helptext)

to get helptext printed as a verbatim epilog.

I think this overrides the epilog formatting for all uses of the OptionParser class in your program, however, so all such epilogs must be passed in verbatim where you use OptionParser elsewhere in your program.


There is a description parameter you can pass to the OptionParser constructor. This allows you to include arbitrary text that appears after usage, but before the list of options.

See 16.4.3.1. Creating the parser.


Use the usage parameter:

usage = "usage: %prog [options] arg1 arg2"
parser = OptionParser(usage=usage)

You can add more through (just an example):

group = OptionGroup(parser, "Dangerous Options",
                    "Caution: use these options at your own risk.  "
                    "It is believed that some of them bite.")
group.add_option("-g", action="store_true", help="Group option.")
parser.add_option_group(group)

Example output:

usage: [options] arg1 arg2

options: -h, --help show this help message and exit
-v, --verbose make lots of noise [default]
-q, --quiet be vewwy quiet (I'm hunting wabbits)
-fFILE, --file=FILE write output to FILE
-mMODE, --mode=MODE interaction mode: one of 'novice', 'intermediate', [default], 'expert'

Dangerous Options: Caution: use of these options is at your own risk. It is believed that some of them bite. -g Group option.

Have a look here.





optparse