javascript update - Is there an easy way to reload css without reloading the page?





refresh auto (10)


Another answer: There's a bookmarklet called ReCSS. I haven't used it extensively, but seems to work.

There's a bookmarklet on that page to drag and drop onto your address bar (Can't seem to make one here). In case that's broke, here's the code:

javascript:void(function()%7Bvar%20i,a,s;a=document.getElementsByTagName('link');for(i=0;i%3Ca.length;i++)%7Bs=a[i];if(s.rel.toLowerCase().indexOf('stylesheet')%3E=0&&s.href)%20%7Bvar%20h=s.href.replace(/(&%7C%5C?)forceReload=%5Cd%20/,'');s.href=h%20(h.indexOf('?')%3E=0?'&':'?')%20'forceReload='%20(new%20Date().valueOf())%7D%7D%7D)();

I'm trying to make a live, in-page css editor with a preview function that would reload the stylesheet and apply it without needing to reload the page. What would be the best way to go about this?




There is absolutely no need to use jQuery for this. The following JavaScript function will reload all your CSS files:

function reloadCss()
{
    var links = document.getElementsByTagName("link");
    for (var cl in links)
    {
        var link = links[cl];
        if (link.rel === "stylesheet")
            link.href += "";
    }
}



A shorter version in Vanilla JS and inlinable.

Expanded:

for (var link of document.querySelectorAll("link[rel=stylesheet]")) {
  link.href = link.href.replace(/\?.*|$/, "?ts=" + new Date().getTime())
}

Inline version:

for (var link of document.querySelectorAll("link[rel=stylesheet]")) link.href = link.href.replace(/\?.*|$/, "?ts=" + new Date().getTime())



Based on previous solutions, I have created bookmark with JavaScript code:

javascript: { var toAppend = "trvhpqi=" + (new Date()).getTime(); var links = document.getElementsByTagName("link"); for (var i = 0; i < links.length;i++) { var link = links[i]; if (link.rel === "stylesheet") { if (link.href.indexOf("?") === -1) { link.href += "?" + toAppend; } else { if (link.href.indexOf("trvhpqi") === -1) { link.href += "&" + toAppend; } else { link.href = link.href.replace(/trvhpqi=\d{13}/, toAppend)} }; } } }; void(0);

Image from Firefox:

What does it do?

It reloads CSS by adding query string params (as solutions above):




In a simple manner you can use rel="reload" instead of rel="stylesheet" .

<link rel="preload" href="path/to/mystylesheet.css" as="style" onload="this.rel='stylesheet'">



One more jQuery solution

For a single stylesheet with id "css" try this:

$('#css').replaceWith('<link id="css" rel="stylesheet" href="css/main.css?t=' + Date.now() + '"></link>');

Wrap it in a function that has global scrope and you can use it from the Developer Console in Chrome or Firebug in Firefox:

var reloadCSS = function() {
  $('#css').replaceWith('<link id="css" rel="stylesheet" href="css/main.css?t=' + Date.now() + '"></link>');
};



On the "edit" page, instead of including your CSS in the normal way (with a <link> tag), write it all to a <style> tag. Editing the innerHTML property of that will automatically update the page, even without a round-trip to the server.

<style type="text/css" id="styles">
    p {
        color: #f0f;
    }
</style>

<textarea id="editor"></textarea>
<button id="preview">Preview</button>

The Javascript, using jQuery:

jQuery(function($) {
    var $ed = $('#editor')
      , $style = $('#styles')
      , $button = $('#preview')
    ;
    $ed.val($style.html());
    $button.click(function() {
        $style.html($ed.val());
        return false;
    });
});

And that should be it!

If you wanted to be really fancy, attach the function to the keydown on the textarea, though you could get some unwanted side-effects (the page would be changing constantly as you type)

Edit: tested and works (in Firefox 3.5, at least, though should be fine with other browsers). See demo here: http://jsbin.com/owapi




Possibly not applicable for your situation, but here's the jQuery function I use for reloading external stylesheets:

/**
 * Forces a reload of all stylesheets by appending a unique query string
 * to each stylesheet URL.
 */
function reloadStylesheets() {
    var queryString = '?reload=' + new Date().getTime();
    $('link[rel="stylesheet"]').each(function () {
        this.href = this.href.replace(/\?.*|$/, queryString);
    });
}






This will be useful if color selection is also not needed:

::-moz-selection { background:none; color:none; }
::selection { background:none; color:none; }

...all other browser fixes. It will work in Internet Explorer 9 or later.





javascript css stylesheet reload