java - programming - what is the use of aop in spring
What are the possible AOP use cases? (8)
I can give you two examples where we use it:
Automatically registering objects in JMX for remote management. If a class is annotated with our
@AutoRegisterannotation, we have an aspect that watches for new instantiations of that class and registers them in JMX automatically.
Audit logging (the gold standard AOP use case). Its a bit coarse but the general approach is to annotate methods that represent some auditable action. Combined with something like Spring Security, we can get a pretty good idea of:
- who the user is
- what method they're invoking
- what data they're providing
- what time the method was invoked
- whether the invocation was successful or not (i.e., if an exception was thrown)
I'd like to make a picture of what are the possible cases for effective involvement of AOP in application design. All I have met so far is:
- security checks
- transaction management
- tweaking of a legacy application
(It doesn't have to be necessarily Spring's proxy based AOP - rather JBoss AOP.)
I will also recommend aspects for:
- Async method calls
With Spring and tcServer (developer), you can easily monitor all your Spring beans with @Component annotation. You can see time used, the input and return data including exceptions.
Method level caching,if your method is stateless(I mean returns same value when invoked repeatedly with same parameter values). This is more effective in case of DAO methods because it avoids database hit.
One effective use of AOP, besides all those you listed, can be validation. Validation of user input, or business objects.
Related articles you must look at.
To see the coverage of AOP in terms of applicability I really recommend you to read the book Aspect-Oriented-Software-Development-Use-Cases. This book elaborates use cases of functional and non-functional requirements using AOP. After that you will see that aspects can be used to more requirements than logging, tracing, security, etc.
We use AspectJ to accomplish AOP. Use cases apart from the above mentioned ones are as follows:
- Restricting access to method calls to only few classes.
- Automatically annotating selected methods/classes/fields.
- Read/write locks. Instead of replicating the same snippet, I used an aspect to define the methods that needed a read lock or an exclusive lock.
- Exception Handling: don't need to repeat the horrible list of try ... catch, catch, catch etc - also means the exception handling is guaranteed to be consistent.
- Performance monitoring: Very useful as using an aspect is non intrusive and can be done after the fact and then turned off when no longer required.