linux libcrypto.so.1.0.0: - What does the “no version information available” error from linux dynamic linker mean?
The "no version information available" means that the library version number is lower on the shared object. For example, if your major.minor.patch number is 7.15.5 on the machine where you build the binary, and the major.minor.patch number is 7.12.1 on the installation machine, ld will print the warning.
You can fix this by compiling with a library (headers and shared objects) that matches the shared object version shipped with your target OS. E.g., if you are going to install to RedHat 3.4.6-9 you don't want to compile on Debian 4.1.1-21. This is one of the reasons that most distributions ship for specific linux distro numbers.
Otherwise, you can statically link. However, you don't want to do this with something like PAM, so you want to actually install a development environment that matches your client's production environment (or at least install and link against the correct library versions.)
Advice you get to rename the .so files (padding them with version numbers,) stems from a time when shared object libraries did not use versioned symbols. So don't expect that playing with the .so.n.n.n naming scheme is going to help (much - it might help if you system has been trashed.)
You last option will be compiling with a library with a different minor version number, using a custom linking script: http://www.redhat.com/docs/manuals/enterprise/RHEL-4-Manual/gnu-linker/scripts.html
To do this, you'll need to write a custom script, and you'll need a custom installer that runs ld against your client's shared objects, using the custom script. This requires that your client have gcc or ld on their production system.
In our product we ship some linux binaries that dynamically link to system libraries like "libpam". On some customer systems we get the following error on stderr when the program runs:
./authpam: /lib/libpam.so.0: no version information available (required by authpam)
The application runs fine and executes code from the dynamic library. So this is not a fatal error, it's really just a warning.
I figure that this is error comes from the dynamic linker when the system installed library is missing something our executable expects. I don't know much about the internals of the dynamic linking process ... and googling the topic doesn't help much. :(
Anyone know what causes this error? ... how I can diagnose the cause? ... and how we could change our executables to avoid this problem?
Update: The customer upgraded to the latest version of debian "testing" and the same error occurred. So it's not an out of date libpam library. I guess I'd like to understand what the linker is complaining about? How can I investigate the underlying cause, etc?
Fwiw, I had this problem when running check_nrpe on a system that had the zenoss monitoring system installed. To add to the confusion, it worked fine as root user but not as zenoss user.
I found out that the zenoss user had an LD_LIBRARY_PATH that caused it to use zenoss libraries, which issue these warnings. Ie:
[email protected]:$ echo $LD_LIBRARY_PATH su - zenoss [email protected]:/root$ echo $LD_LIBRARY_PATH /usr/local/zenoss/python/lib:/usr/local/zenoss/mysql/lib:/usr/local/zenoss/zenoss/lib:/usr/local/zenoss/common/lib:: [email protected]:/root$ /usr/lib/nagios/plugins/check_nrpe -H 192.168.61.61 -p 6969 -c check_mq /usr/lib/nagios/plugins/check_nrpe: /usr/local/zenoss/common/lib/libcrypto.so.0.9.8: no version information available (required by /usr/lib/libssl.so.0.9.8) (...) [email protected]:/root$ LD_LIBRARY_PATH= /usr/lib/nagios/plugins/check_nrpe -H 192.168.61.61 -p 6969 -c check_mq (...)
So anyway, what I'm trying to say: check your variables like LD_LIBRARY_PATH, LD_PRELOAD etc as well.
Have you seen this already? The cause seems to be a very old libpam on one of the sides, probably on that customer.
Or the links for the version might be missing : http://www.linux.org/docs/ldp/howto/Program-Library-HOWTO/shared-libraries.html