videotrack - How to addTrack in MediaStream in WebRTC



webrtc videotrack (1)

I'm using webrtc to communicate between to peers. I wan't to add new track to old generated stream, as I wan't to give functionality to users to switch their microphones during audio communications. The code I'm using is,

Let "pc" be the peerConnection object through which audio communication takes place & "newStream" be the new generated MediaStream got from getUserMedia function with new selected microphone device.

            var localStreams = pc.getLocalStreams()[0];
            localStreams.removeTrack(localStreams.getAudioTracks()[0]);


            var audioTrack = newStream.getAudioTracks()[0];
            localStreams.addTrack(audioTrack);

Is their any way that the newly added track starts reaching to the other previously connected peer without offering him again the whole SDP?

What would be the optimized way to use in such case of switch media device, i.e., microphones when the connections is already established between peers?


Update: working example near bottom.

This depends greatly on which browser you are using at the moment, due to an evolving spec.

In the specification and Firefox, peer connections are now fundamentally track-based, and do not depend on local stream associations. You have var sender = pc.addTrack(track, stream) , pc.removeTrack(sender) , and even sender.replaceTrack(track) , the latter involving no renegotiation at all.

In Chrome you still have just pc.addStream and pc.removeStream , and removing a track from a local stream causes sending of it to cease, but adding it back didn't work. I had luck removing and re-adding the entire stream to the peer connection, followed by renegotiation.

Unfortunately, using adapter.js does not help here, as addTrack is tricky to polyfill.

Renegotiation

Renegotiation is not starting over. All you need is:

pc.onnegotiationneeded = e => pc.createOffer()
  .then(offer => pc.setLocalDescription(offer))
  .then(() => signalingChannel.send(JSON.stringify({ "sdp": pc.localDescription }));
  .catch(failed);

Once you add this, the peer connection automatically renegotiates when needed using your signaling channel. This even replaces the calls to createOffer and friends you're doing now, a net win.

With this in place, you can add/remove tracks during a live connection, and it should "just work".

If that's not smooth enough, you can even pc.createDataChannel("yourOwnSignalingChannel")

Example

Here's an example of all of that (use https fiddle in Chrome):

var config = { iceServers: [{ urls: "stun:stun.l.google.com:19302" }] };
var signalingDelayMs = 0;

var dc, sc, pc = new RTCPeerConnection(config), live = false;
pc.onaddstream = e => v2.srcObject = e.stream;
pc.ondatachannel = e => dc? scInit(sc = e.channel) : dcInit(dc = e.channel);

var streams = [];
var haveGum = navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia({fake:true, video:true})
.then(stream => streams[1] = stream)
.then(() => navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia({ video: true }))
.then(stream => v1.srcObject = streams[0] = stream);

pc.oniceconnectionstatechange = () => update(pc.iceConnectionState);

var negotiating; // Chrome workaround
pc.onnegotiationneeded = () => {
  if (negotiating) return;
  negotiating = true;
  pc.createOffer().then(d => pc.setLocalDescription(d))
  .then(() => live && sc.send(JSON.stringify({ sdp: pc.localDescription })))
  .catch(log);
};
pc.onsignalingstatechange = () => negotiating = pc.signalingState != "stable";

function scInit() {
  sc.onmessage = e => wait(signalingDelayMs).then(() => { 
    var msg = JSON.parse(e.data);
    if (msg.sdp) {
      var desc = new RTCSessionDescription(JSON.parse(e.data).sdp);
      if (desc.type == "offer") {
        pc.setRemoteDescription(desc).then(() => pc.createAnswer())
        .then(answer => pc.setLocalDescription(answer)).then(() => {
          sc.send(JSON.stringify({ sdp: pc.localDescription }));
        }).catch(log);
      } else {
        pc.setRemoteDescription(desc).catch(log);
      }
    } else if (msg.candidate) {
      pc.addIceCandidate(new RTCIceCandidate(msg.candidate)).catch(log);
    }
  }).catch(log);
}

function dcInit() {
  dc.onopen = () => {
    live = true; update("Chat:"); chat.disabled = false; chat.select();
  };
  dc.onmessage = e => log(e.data);
}

function createOffer() {
  button.disabled = true;
  pc.onicecandidate = e => {
    if (live) {
      sc.send(JSON.stringify({ "candidate": e.candidate }));
    } else if (!e.candidate) {
      offer.value = pc.localDescription.sdp;
      offer.select();
      answer.placeholder = "Paste answer here";
    }
  };
  dcInit(dc = pc.createDataChannel("chat"));
  scInit(sc = pc.createDataChannel("signaling"));
};

offer.onkeypress = e => {
  if (e.keyCode != 13 || pc.signalingState != "stable") return;
  button.disabled = offer.disabled = true;
  var obj = { type:"offer", sdp:offer.value };
  pc.setRemoteDescription(new RTCSessionDescription(obj))
  .then(() => pc.createAnswer()).then(d => pc.setLocalDescription(d))
  .catch(log);
  pc.onicecandidate = e => {
    if (e.candidate) return;
    if (!live) {
      answer.focus();
      answer.value = pc.localDescription.sdp;
      answer.select();
    } else {
      sc.send(JSON.stringify({ "candidate": e.candidate }));
    }
  };
};

answer.onkeypress = e => {
  if (e.keyCode != 13 || pc.signalingState != "have-local-offer") return;
  answer.disabled = true;
  var obj = { type:"answer", sdp:answer.value };
  pc.setRemoteDescription(new RTCSessionDescription(obj)).catch(log);
};

chat.onkeypress = e => {
  if (e.keyCode != 13) return;
  dc.send(chat.value);
  log("> " + chat.value);
  chat.value = "";
};

function addTrack() {
  pc.addStream(streams[0]);
  flipButton.disabled = false;
  removeAddButton.disabled = false;
}

var flipped = 0;
function flip() {
  pc.getSenders()[0].replaceTrack(streams[flipped = 1 - flipped].getVideoTracks()[0])
  .catch(log);
}

function removeAdd() {
  if ("removeTrack" in pc) {
    pc.removeTrack(pc.getSenders()[0]);
    pc.addStream(streams[flipped = 1 - flipped]);
  } else {
    pc.removeStream(streams[flipped]);
    pc.addStream(streams[flipped = 1 - flipped]);
  }
}

var wait = ms => new Promise(resolve => setTimeout(resolve, ms));
var update = msg => div2.innerHTML = msg;
var log = msg => div.innerHTML += msg + "<br>";
<video id="v1" width="120" height="90" autoplay muted></video>
<video id="v2" width="120" height="90" autoplay></video><br>
<button id="button" onclick="createOffer()">Offer:</button>
<textarea id="offer" placeholder="Paste offer here"></textarea><br>
Answer: <textarea id="answer"></textarea><br>
<button id="button" onclick="addTrack()">AddTrack</button>
<button id="removeAddButton" onclick="removeAdd()" disabled>Remove+Add</button>
<button id="flipButton" onclick="flip()" disabled>ReplaceTrack (FF only)</button>
<div id="div"><p></div><br>
<table><tr><td><div id="div2">Not connected</div></td>
  <td><input id="chat" disabled></input></td></tr></table><br>
<script src="https://webrtc.github.io/adapter/adapter-latest.js"></script>

Instructions:

No server is involved, so hit Offer , then cut'n'paste offer and answer manually between two tabs (hit the ENTER key after pasting).

Once done, you can chat over the data-channel, and hit addTrack to add video to the other side.

You can then switch out video shown remotely with Remove + Add or replaceTrack (FF only) (modify fiddle in Chrome if you have a secondary camera you want to use.)

Renegotiation is all happening over the data channel now (no more cut'n'paste).