update - swipe to refresh recyclerview android




How to refresh Android listview? (17)

How to refresh an Android ListView after adding/deleting dynamic data?


Please ignore all the invalidate(), invalidateViews(), requestLayout(), ... answers to this question.

The right thing to do (and luckily also marked as right answer) is to call notifyDataSetChanged() on your Adapter.

Troubleshooting

If calling notifyDataSetChanged() doesn't work all the layout methods won't help either. Believe me the ListView was properly updated. If you fail to find the difference you need to check where the data in your adapter comes from.

If this is just a collection you're keeping in memory check that you actually deleted from or added the item(s) to the collection before calling the notifyDataSetChanged().

If you're working with a database or service backend you'll have to call the method to retrieve the information again (or manipulate the in memory data) before calling the notifyDataSetChanged().

The thing is this notifyDataSetChanged only works if the dataset has changed. So that is the place to look if you don't find changes coming through. Debug if needed.

ArrayAdapter vs BaseAdapter

I did find that working with an adapter that lets you manage the collection, like a BaseAdapter works better. Some adapters like the ArrayAdapter already manage their own collection making it harder to get to the proper collection for updates. It's really just an needless extra layer of difficulty in most cases.

UI Thread

It is true that this has to be called from the UI thread. Other answers have examples on how to achieve this. However this is only required if you're working on this information from outside the UI thread. That is from a service or a non UI thread. In simple cases you'll be updating your data from a button click or another activity/fragment. So still within the UI thread. No need to always pop that runOnUiTrhead in.

Quick Example Project

Can be found at https://github.com/hanscappelle/so-2250770.git. Just clone and open the project in Android Studio (gradle). This project has a MainAcitivity building a ListView with all random data. This list can be refreshed using the action menu.

The adapter implementation I created for this example ModelObject exposes the data collection

public class MyListAdapter extends BaseAdapter {

    /**
     * this is our own collection of data, can be anything we 
     * want it to be as long as we get the abstract methods 
     * implemented using this data and work on this data 
     * (see getter) you should be fine
     */
    private List<ModelObject> mData;

    /**
     * our ctor for this adapter, we'll accept all the things 
     * we need here
     *
     * @param mData
     */
    public MyListAdapter(final Context context, final List<ModelObject> mData) {
        this.mData = mData;
        this.mContext = context;
    }

    public List<ModelObject> getData() {
        return mData;
    }

    // implement all abstract methods here
}

Code from the MainActivity

public class MainActivity extends Activity {

    private MyListAdapter mAdapter;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        ListView list = (ListView) findViewById(R.id.list);

        // create some dummy data here
        List<ModelObject> objects = getRandomData();
        // and put it into an adapter for the list
        mAdapter = new MyListAdapter(this, objects);
        list.setAdapter(mAdapter);

        // mAdapter is available in the helper methods below and the 
        // data will be updated based on action menu interactions

        // you could also keep the reference to the android ListView 
        // object instead and use the {@link ListView#getAdapter()} 
        // method instead. However you would have to cast that adapter 
        // to your own instance every time
    }

    /**
     * helper to show what happens when all data is new
     */
    private void reloadAllData(){
        // get new modified random data
        List<ModelObject> objects = getRandomData();
        // update data in our adapter
        mAdapter.getData().clear();
        mAdapter.getData().addAll(objects);
        // fire the event
        mAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
    }

    /**
     * helper to show how only changing properties of data 
     * elements also works
     */
    private void scrambleChecked(){
        Random random = new Random();
        // update data in our adapter, iterate all objects and 
        // resetting the checked option
        for( ModelObject mo : mAdapter.getData()) {
            mo.setChecked(random.nextBoolean());
        }
        // fire the event
        mAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
    }
}

More Information

Another nice post about the power of listViews is found here: http://www.vogella.com/articles/AndroidListView/article.html


After deleting data from list view, you have to call refreshDrawableState(). Here is the example:

final DatabaseHelper db = new DatabaseHelper (ActivityName.this);

db.open();

db.deleteContact(arg3);

mListView.refreshDrawableState();

db.close();

and deleteContact method in DatabaseHelper class will be somewhat looks like

public boolean deleteContact(long rowId) {

   return db.delete(TABLE_NAME, BaseColumns._ID + "=" + rowId, null) > 0;

}


Call runnable whenever you want:

runOnUiThread(run);

OnCreate(), you set your runnable thread:

run = new Runnable() {
    public void run() {
        //reload content
        arraylist.clear();
        arraylist.addAll(db.readAll());
        adapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
        listview.invalidateViews();
        listview.refreshDrawableState();
    }
};

For me after changing information in sql database nothing could refresh list view( to be specific expandable list view) so if notifyDataSetChanged() doesn't help, you can try to clear your list first and add it again after that call notifyDataSetChanged(). For example

private List<List<SomeNewArray>> arrayList;
List<SomeNewArray> array1= getArrayList(...);
List<SomeNewArray> array2= getArrayList(...);
arrayList.clear();
arrayList.add(array1);
arrayList.add(array2);
notifyDataSetChanged();

Hope it makes sense for you.


I had an ArrayList which I wanted to display in a listview. ArrayList contained elements from mysql. I overrided onRefresh method and in that method I used tablelayout.removeAllViews(); and then repeated the process for getting data again from the database. But before that make sure to clear your ArrayList or whatever data structre or else new data will get appended to the old one..


I was not able to get notifyDataSetChanged() to work on updating my SimpleAdapter, so instead I tried first removing all views that were attached to the parent layout using removeAllViews(), then adding the ListView, and that worked, allowing me to update the UI:

LinearLayout results = (LinearLayout)findViewById(R.id.results);
ListView lv = new ListView(this);
ArrayList<HashMap<String,String>> list = new ArrayList<HashMap<String,String>>();
SimpleAdapter adapter = new SimpleAdapter( this, list, R.layout.directory_row, 
                new String[] { "name", "dept" }, new int[] { R.id.name, R.id.dept } );

for (...) { 
    HashMap<String, String> map = new HashMap<String, String>();
    map.put("name", name);
    map.put("dept", dept);
    list.add(map);
}

lv.setAdapter(adapter);
results.removeAllViews();     
results.addView(lv);

I was only able to get notifyDataSetChanged only by getting new adapter data, then resetting the adapter for the list view, then making the call like so:

    expandableAdapter = baseFragmentParent.setupEXLVAdapter();
    baseFragmentParent.setAdapter(expandableAdapter);
    expandableAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged(); 

If I talked about my scenario here, non of above answers will not worked because I had activity that show list of db values along with a delete button and when a delete button is pressed, I wanted to delete that item from the list.

The cool thing was, I did not used recycler view but a simple list view and that list view initialized in the adapter class. So, calling the notifyDataSetChanged() will not do anything inside the adapter class and even in the activity class where adapter object is initialized because delete method was in the adapter class.

So, the solution was to remove the object from the adapter in the adapter class getView method(to only delete that specific object but if you want to delete all, call clear()).

To you to get some idea, what was my code look like,

public class WordAdapter extends ArrayAdapter<Word> {
  Context context;

  public WordAdapter(Activity context, ArrayList<Word> words) {}
    //.......

    @NonNull
    @Override
    public View getView(final int position, View convertView, ViewGroup group) {
      //.......
     ImageButton deleteBt = listItemView.findViewById(R.id.word_delete_bt);
     deleteBt.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
         @Override
         public void onClick(View v) {
             if (vocabDb.deleteWord(currentWord.id)) {
                //.....
             } else{
                //.....
             }
             remove(getItem(position)); // <---- here is the trick ---<
             //clear() // if you want to clear everything
         }
    });
 //....

Note: here remove() and getItem() methods are inherit from the Adapter class.

  • remove() - to remove the specific item that is clicked
  • getItem(position) - is to get the item(here, thats my Word object that I have added to the list) from the clicked position.

This is how I set the adapter to the listview in the activity class,

    ArrayList<Word> wordList = new ArrayList();
    WordAdapter adapter = new WordAdapter(this, wordList);

    ListView list_view = (ListView) findViewById(R.id.activity_view_words);
    list_view.setAdapter(adapter);

If you are going by android guide lines and you are using the ContentProviders to get data from Database and you are displaying it in the ListView using the CursorLoader and CursorAdapters ,then you all changes to the related data will automatically be reflected in the ListView.

Your getContext().getContentResolver().notifyChange(uri, null); on the cursor in the ContentProvider will be enough to reflect the changes .No need for the extra work around.

But when you are not using these all then you need to tell the adapter when the dataset is changing. Also you need to re-populate / reload your dataset (say list) and then you need to call notifyDataSetChanged() on the adapter.

notifyDataSetChanged()wont work if there is no the changes in the datset. Here is the comment above the method in docs-

/**
 * Notifies the attached observers that the underlying data has been changed
 * and any View reflecting the data set should refresh itself.
 */

If you want to maintain your scroll position when you refresh, and you can do this:

if (mEventListView.getAdapter() == null) {
    EventLogAdapter eventLogAdapter = new EventLogAdapter(mContext, events);
    mEventListView.setAdapter(eventLogAdapter);
} else {
    ((EventLogAdapter)mEventListView.getAdapter()).refill(events);
}

public void refill(List<EventLog> events) {
    mEvents.clear();
    mEvents.addAll(events);
    notifyDataSetChanged();
}

For the detail information, please see Android ListView: Maintain your scroll position when you refresh.


If you want to update the UI listview from a service, then make the adapter static in your Main activity and do this:

@Override
public void onDestroy() {
    if (MainActivity.isInFront == true) {
        if (MainActivity.adapter != null) {
            MainActivity.adapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
        }

        MainActivity.listView.setAdapter(MainActivity.adapter);
    }
}    

The easiest is to just make a new Adaper and drop the old one:

myListView.setAdapter(new MyListAdapter(...));

The solutions proposed by people in this post works or not mainly depending on the Android version of your device. For Example to use the AddAll method you have to put android:minSdkVersion="10" in your android device.

To solve this questions for all devices I have created my on own method in my adapter and use inside the add and remove method inherits from ArrayAdapter that update you data without problems.

My Code: Using my own data class RaceResult, you use your own data model.

ResultGpRowAdapter.java

public class ResultGpRowAdapter extends ArrayAdapter<RaceResult> {

    Context context;
    int resource;
    List<RaceResult> data=null;

        public ResultGpRowAdapter(Context context, int resource, List<RaceResult> objects)           {
        super(context, resource, objects);

        this.context = context;
        this.resource = resource;
        this.data = objects;
    }

    @Override
    public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {

        ........
        }

        //my own method to populate data           
        public void myAddAll(List<RaceResult> items) {

        for (RaceResult item:items){
            super.add(item);
        }
    }

ResultsGp.java

public class ResultsGp extends Activity {

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {

    ...........
    ...........
    ListView list = (ListView)findViewById(R.id.resultsGpList); 

    ResultGpRowAdapter adapter = new ResultGpRowAdapter(this,  R.layout.activity_result_gp_row, new ArrayList<RaceResult>()); //Empty data

   list.setAdapter(adapter);

   .... 
   ....
   ....
   //LOAD a ArrayList<RaceResult> with data

   ArrayList<RaceResult> data = new ArrayList<RaceResult>();
   data.add(new RaceResult(....));
   data.add(new RaceResult(....));
   .......

   adapter.myAddAll(data); //Your list will be udpdated!!!

i got some problems with dynamic refresh of my listview.

Call notifyDataSetChanged() on your Adapter.

Some additional specifics on how/when to call notifyDataSetChanged() can be viewed in this Google I/O video.

notifyDataSetChanged() did not work properly in my case[ I called the notifyDataSetChanged from another class]. Just in the case i edited the ListView in the running Activity (Thread). That video thanks to Christopher gave the final hint.

In my second class i used

Runnable run = new Runnable(){
     public void run(){
         contactsActivity.update();
     }
};
contactsActivity.runOnUiThread(run);

to acces the update() from my Activity. This update includes

myAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();

to tell the Adapter to refresh the view. Worked fine as far as I can say.


if you are not still satisfied with ListView Refreshment, you can look at this snippet,this is for loading the listView from DB, Actually what you have to do is simply reload the ListView,after you perform any CRUD Operation Its not a best way to code, but it will refresh the ListView as you wish..

It works for Me....if u find better solution,please Share...

.......
......
do your CRUD Operations..
......
.....
DBAdapter.open();
DBAdapter.insert_into_SingleList();
// Bring that DB_results and add it to list as its contents....
                                            ls2.setAdapter(new ArrayAdapter(DynTABSample.this,
    android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1,                        DBAdapter.DB_ListView));
                                            DBAdapter.close();

while using SimpleCursorAdapter can call changeCursor(newCursor) on the adapter.







refresh