android layout - How to align views at the bottom of the screen?




set right (16)

Here's my layout code;

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent">

    <TextView android:text="@string/welcome" 
        android:id="@+id/TextView" 
        android:layout_width="fill_parent" 
        android:layout_height="wrap_content">
    </TextView>

    <LinearLayout android:id="@+id/LinearLayout" 
        android:orientation="horizontal"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content" 
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" 
        android:gravity="bottom">

            <EditText android:id="@+id/EditText" 
                android:layout_width="fill_parent" 
                android:layout_height="wrap_content">
            </EditText>

            <Button android:text="@string/label_submit_button" 
                android:id="@+id/Button" 
                android:layout_width="wrap_content" 
                android:layout_height="wrap_content">
            </Button>

    </LinearLayout>

</LinearLayout>

What this looks like is on the left and what I want it to look like is on the right.

The obvious answer is to set the TextView to fill_parent on height but this causes no room to be left for the button or entry field. Essentially the issue is that I want the submit button and the text entry to be a fixed height at the bottom and the text view to fill the rest of the space, similarly in the horizontal Linear layout I want the submit button to wrap its content and for the text entry to fill the rest of the space.

If the first item in a Linear Layout is told to fill_parent it does exactly that, leaving no room for other items, how do I get an item which is first in a linear layout to fill all space apart from the minimum required by the rest of the items in the layout?

EDIT:

Relative Layouts were indeed the answer - Thank you!

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
    <RelativeLayout 
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent" 
    android:layout_height="fill_parent">

    <TextView 
        android:text="@string/welcome" 
        android:id="@+id/TextView"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent" 
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignParentTop="true">
    </TextView>

    <RelativeLayout 
        android:id="@+id/InnerRelativeLayout"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignParentBottom="true" >

        <Button 
            android:text="@string/label_submit_button" 
            android:id="@+id/Button"
            android:layout_alignParentRight="true" 
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content">
        </Button>

        <EditText 
            android:id="@+id/EditText" 
            android:layout_width="fill_parent"
            android:layout_toLeftOf="@id/Button"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content">
        </EditText>

    </RelativeLayout>

</RelativeLayout>

Answers

Use android:layout_alignParentBottom="true" in your <RelativeLayout>.

This will definitely help.


In case you have a hierarchy like this:

<ScrollView> 
  |-- <RelativeLayout> 
    |-- <LinearLayout>

First, apply android:fillViewport="true" to the ScrollView and then apply android:layout_alignParentBottom="true" to the LinearLayout.

This worked for me perfectly.

<ScrollView
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:scrollbars="none"
    android:fillViewport="true">
    <RelativeLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content">
        <LinearLayout
            android:orientation="horizontal"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:id="@+id/linearLayoutHorizontal"
            android:layout_alignParentBottom="true">
        </LinearLayout>
    </RelativeLayout>
</ScrollView>

I think you should try a relative layout.
If you have a relative layout that fills the whole screen you should be able to use android:layout_alignParentBottom to move the button to the bottom of the screen.

If your views at the bottom are not shown in a relative layout then maybe the layout above it takes all the space. In this case you can put the view that should be at the bottom, first in your layout file and position the rest of the layout above the views with android:layout_above. This enable the bottom view to take as much space as it needs and the rest of the layout can fill all the rest of the screen.


In a ScrollView this doesn't work, as the RelativeLayout would then overlap whatever is in the ScrollView at the bottom of the page.

I fixed it using a dynamically stretching FrameLayout :

<ScrollView 
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_height="match_parent" 
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:fillViewport="true">
    <LinearLayout 
        android:id="@+id/LinearLayout01"
        android:layout_width="match_parent" 
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        android:orientation="vertical">

                <!-- content goes here -->

                <!-- stretching frame layout, using layout_weight -->
        <FrameLayout
            android:layout_width="match_parent" 
            android:layout_height="0dp"
            android:layout_weight="1">
        </FrameLayout>

                <!-- content fixated to the bottom of the screen -->
        <LinearLayout 
            android:layout_width="match_parent" 
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:orientation="horizontal">
                                   <!-- your bottom content -->
        </LinearLayout>
    </LinearLayout>
</ScrollView>

You can keep your initial linear layout by nesting the relative layout within the linear layout:

<LinearLayout
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent">

    <TextView android:text="welcome" 
        android:id="@+id/TextView" 
        android:layout_width="fill_parent" 
        android:layout_height="wrap_content">
    </TextView>

    <RelativeLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent">
        <Button android:text="submit" 
            android:id="@+id/Button" 
            android:layout_width="wrap_content" 
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
            android:layout_alignParentRight="true">
        </Button>
        <EditText android:id="@+id/EditText" 
            android:layout_width="match_parent" 
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_toLeftOf="@id/Button"
            android:layout_alignParentBottom="true">
        </EditText>
    </RelativeLayout>
</LinearLayout>

1.Use ConstraintLayout in your root Layout

And set app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent" to let the Layout on the bottom of the screen

<LinearLayout
    android:id="@+id/LinearLayout"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:orientation="horizontal"
    app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent">
</LinearLayout>

2.Use FrameLayout in your root Layout

Just set android:layout_gravity="bottom" in your layout

<LinearLayout
    android:id="@+id/LinearLayout"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_gravity="bottom"
    android:orientation="horizontal">
</LinearLayout>

3.Use LinearLayout in your root Layout (android:orientation="vertical")

(1)Set a layout android:layout_weight="1" on the top of the your Layout

<TextView
    android:id="@+id/TextView"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="0dp"
    android:layout_weight="1"
    android:text="welcome" />

(2)Set the child LinearLayout for android:layout_width="match_parent" android:layout_height="match_parent" android:gravity="bottom"

The main attribute is ndroid:gravity="bottom" ,let the child View on the bottom of Layout .

<LinearLayout
    android:id="@+id/LinearLayout"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:gravity="bottom"
    android:orientation="horizontal">
</LinearLayout>

4.Use RelativeLayout in the root Layout

And set android:layout_alignParentBottom="true" to let the Layout on the bottom of the screen

<LinearLayout
    android:id="@+id/LinearLayout"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
    android:orientation="horizontal">
</LinearLayout>

OUTPUT


If you don't wish to make many changes, then you could just put:

android:layout_weight="1"

for the TextView having ID as @+id/TextView i.e

<TextView android:text="@string/welcome" 
    android:id="@+id/TextView" 
    android:layout_width="fill_parent" 
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_weight="1">
</TextView>

use below code align button to bottem its working

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical" >

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/btn_back"
        android:layout_width="100dp"
        android:layout_height="80dp"
        android:text="Back" />

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:layout_weight="0.97"
        android:gravity="center"
        android:text="Payment Page" />

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" >

        <EditText
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content" 
            android:layout_weight="1"/>

        <Button
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content" 
            android:text="Submit"/>
    </LinearLayout>

</LinearLayout>

Following up on Timores's elegant solution, I have found that the following creates a vertical fill in a vertical LinearLayout and a horizontal fill in a horizontal LinearLayout:

<Space
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:layout_weight="1" />

The answer above (by Janusz) is quite correct, but I personnally don't feel 100% confortable with RelativeLayouts, so I prefer to introduce a 'filler', empty TextView, like this:

<!-- filler -->
<TextView android:layout_height="0dip" 
          android:layout_width="fill_parent"
          android:layout_weight="1" />

before the element that should be at the bottom of the screen.


This can be done with linear layout too Just provide Height = 0dp and weight = 1 to the layout above and the one you want in the bottom just write height = wrap content and no weight. What it does is it provides wrap content for the layout (the one that contains your edit text and button) and then the one that has weight occupies the rest of the layout. I discovered this by accident.


This also works.

<LinearLayout 
    android:id="@+id/linearLayout4"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:layout_below="@+id/linearLayout3"
    android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
    android:orientation="horizontal" 
    android:gravity="bottom"
    android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
    android:layout_marginTop="20dp"
>

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button1"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Button" 

    />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button2"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Button" 


    />

</LinearLayout>


For a case like this always use RelativeLayouts. A LinearLayout is not intended for such a usage.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout
xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
          android:id="@+id/db1_root"
          android:layout_width="match_parent"
          android:layout_height="match_parent"
          android:orientation="vertical" >

<LinearLayout
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical">

    <!-- Place your layout here -->

</LinearLayout>

<LinearLayout
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
    android:layout_gravity="bottom"
    android:orientation="horizontal"
    android:paddingLeft="20dp"
    android:paddingRight="20dp" >

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/setup_macroSavebtn"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:text="Save" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/setup_macroCancelbtn"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:text="Cancel" />

    </LinearLayout>

</RelativeLayout>

You can just give your top child view (the TextView @+id/TextView) an attribute: android:layout_weight="1".

This will force all other elements below it to the bottom.


Creating both HEADER and FOOTER, here is an example

[ Layout XML ]

<RelativeLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:background="@color/backgroundcolor"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">

    <RelativeLayout
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="40dp"
        android:background="#FF0000">
    </RelativeLayout>

    <RelativeLayout
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="40dp"
        android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
        android:background="#FFFF00">
    </RelativeLayout>

</RelativeLayout>

[ Screenshot ]

Hope this is helpful. Thanks!!


Use Support screen tag in manifest file is wrong method. Alway use <compatible-screens> to make your app not available to tablet.

<supports-screens 
    android:smallScreens="true"
    android:normalScreens="true" 
    android:largeScreens="false"
    android:xlargeScreens="false"
    android:resizeable="false" />

Caution

If you use the element for the above scenario (when your application is not compatible with larger screens) and set the larger screen size attributes to "false", then external services such as Google Play do not apply filtering. Your application will still be available to larger screens, but when it runs, it will not resize to fit the screen. Instead, the system will emulate a handset screen size (about 320dp x 480dp; see Screen Compatibility Mode for more information). If you want to prevent your application from being downloaded on larger screens, use as suggested by @CommonsWare.

Use tag for exclude your app to run on tablet.

<compatible-screens>
<!-- all small size screens -->

  <screen android:screenSize="small" android:screenDensity="ldpi" />
  <screen android:screenSize="small" android:screenDensity="mdpi" />
  <screen android:screenSize="small" android:screenDensity="hdpi" />
  <screen android:screenSize="small" android:screenDensity="xhdpi" />

  <!-- all normal size screens -->

  <screen android:screenSize="normal" android:screenDensity="ldpi" />
  <screen android:screenSize="normal" android:screenDensity="mdpi" />
  <screen android:screenSize="normal" android:screenDensity="hdpi" />
  <screen android:screenSize="normal" android:screenDensity="xhdpi" />

</compatible-screens>






android xml user-interface android-layout