resource - strings.xml android




Are parameters in strings.xml possible? (4)

If you need to format your strings using String.format(String, Object...), then you can do so by putting your format arguments in the string resource. For example, with the following resource:

<string name="welcome_messages">Hello, %1$s! You have %2$d new messages.</string>

In this example, the format string has two arguments: %1$s is a string and %2$d is a decimal number. You can format the string with arguments from your application like this:

Resources res = getResources();
String text = String.format(res.getString(R.string.welcome_messages), username, mailCount);

If you wish more look at: http://developer.android.com/intl/pt-br/guide/topics/resources/string-resource.html#FormattingAndStyling

This question already has an answer here:

In my Android app I'am going to implement my strings with internationalization. So currently I got a problem with the grammar and the way sentences build in different languages.

For example:

"5 minutes ago" - English

"vor 5 Minuten" - German

Can I do something like the following in strings.xml?

<string name="timeFormat">{0} minutes ago</string>

And then some magic like

getString(R.id.timeFormat, dynamicTimeValue)

This behaviour would solve the other problem with different word orders as well.


If you need two variables in the XML you can use:

%1$d text... %2$d or %1$s text... %2$s for string variables.

Example:

strings.xml

<string name="notyet">Website %1$s isn\'t yet available, I\'m working on it, please wait %2$s more days</string>

activity.java

String site = "mywebsite";
String days = "11";

//Toast example
String notyet = getString(R.string.notyet, site, days);
Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), notyet, Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();

PS: Read Flaxie's comment bellow


There is many ways to use it and i recomend you to see this documentation about String Format.

http://developer.android.com/intl/pt-br/reference/java/util/Formatter.html

But, if you need only one variable, you'll need to use %[type] where [type] could be any Flag (see Flag types inside site above). (i.e. "My name is %s" or to set my name UPPERCASE, use this "My name is %S")

<string name="welcome_messages">Hello, %1$S! You have %2$d new message(s) and your quote is %3$.2f%%.</string>

Hello, ANDROID! You have 1 new message(s) and your quote is 80,50%.

Yes, just format your strings in the standard String.format() way.

See the method Context.getString(int, Object...) and the Android or Java Formatter documentation.

In your case, the string definition would be:

<string name="timeFormat">%1$d minutes ago</string>




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