way MySQL load data infile-acceleration?




mysql parallel load data infile (3)

sometimes, I have to re-import data for a project, thus reading about 3.6 million rows into a MySQL table (currently InnoDB, but I am actually not really limited to this engine). "Load data infile..." has proved to be the fastest solution, however it has a tradeoff: - when importing without keys, the import itself takes about 45 seconds, but the key creation takes ages (already running for 20 minutes...). - doing import with keys on the table makes the import much slower

There are keys over 3 fields of the table, referencing numeric fields. Is there any way to accelerate this?

Another issue is: when I terminate the process which has started a slow query, it continues running on the database. Is there any way to terminate the query without restarting mysqld?

Thanks a lot DBa



InnoDB is a pretty good engine. However, it highly relies on being 'tuned'. One thing is that if your inserts are not in the order of increasing primary keys, innoDB can take a bit longer than MyISAM. This can easily be overcome by setting a higher innodb_buffer_pool_size. My suggestion is to set it at 60-70% of your total RAM on a dedicated MySQL machine.


if you're using innodb and bulk loading here are a few tips:

sort your csv file into the primary key order of the target table : remember innodb uses clustered primary keys so it will load faster if it's sorted !

typical load data infile i use:

truncate <table>;

set autocommit = 0;

load data infile <path> into table <table>...

commit;

other optimisations you can use to boost load times:

set unique_checks = 0;
set foreign_key_checks = 0;
set sql_log_bin=0;

split the csv file into smaller chunks

typical import stats i have observed during bulk loads:

3.5 - 6.5 million rows imported per min
210 - 400 million rows per hour






load-data-infile