mercurial master - Hg:How to do a rebase like git's rebase




what does (5)

Since some people have chimed in saying they think it's good to keep every iteration of everything, I'll point out that for larger open-source projects, accepting changes full of merges and development iteration would make for a messy mainline revision history, and make the revision history less useful for seeing how the current version got there.

This works well when submitted changes are reviewed by people that didn't write them, before they're accepted, so changes that do go into the mainline are generally debugged and working. Then when you backtrack to the origin of a line, you see all the changes that go with it, not some point in the middle of development of the change it's part of.

The x265 contributors page explains how to re-commit a set of changes you're working on, to get them ready for submission to the x265 project. (Including use of TortoiseHG to commit some but not all changes in an individual file, like git gui's stage/unstage diff hunk for commit).

The process is to get hg updated to the upstream tip, and then get all your changes uncommitted in the working directory. Shelve any that aren't part of what you want to submit, then break the rest into as many separate commits are appropriate, with nice commit messages.

I guess you'd copy/paste and then edit commit messages from previous iterations of a patchset that you're revising. Or maybe you could graft your old commits (cherry-pick in git language), and then amend them one by one, to get your old commit messages as a start point for editting.

In Git I can do this:

1. Start working on new feature:
$ git co -b newfeature-123  # (a local feature development branch)
do a few commits (M, N, O)

master A---B---C
                \
newfeature-123   M---N---O

2. Pull new changes from upstream master:
$ git pull
(master updated with ff-commits)

master A---B---C---D---E---F
                \
newfeature-123   M---N---O

3. Rebase off master so that my new feature 
can be developed against the latest upstream changes:
(from newfeature-123)
$ git rebase master

master A---B---C---D---E---F
                            \
newfeature-123               M---N---O


I want to know how to do the same thing in Mercurial, and I've scoured the web for an answer, but the best I could find was: git rebase - can hg do that

That link provides 2 examples:
1. I'll admit that this: (replacing the revisions from the example with those from my own example)

hg up -C F  
hg branch -f newfeature-123  
hg transplant -a -b newfeature-123 

is not too bad, except that it leaves behind the pre-rebase M-N-O as an unmerged head and creates 3 new commits M',N',O' that represent them branching off the updated mainline.

Basically the problem is that I end up with this:

master A---B---C---D---E---F
                \           \
newfeature-123   \           M'---N'---O'
                  \
newfeature-123     M---N---O

this is not good because it leaves behind local, unwanted commits that should be dropped.

  1. The other option from the same link is
hg qimport -r M:O
hg qpop -a
hg up F
hg branch newfeature-123
hg qpush -a
hg qdel -r qbase:qtip

and this does result in the desired graph:

master A---B---C---D---E---F
                            \
newfeature-123               M---N---O

but these commands (all 6 of them!) seem so much more complicated than

$ git rebase master

I want to know if this is the only equivalent in Hg or if there is some other way available that is simple like Git.


I don't think the answers above achieve the OP's goal, which was to maintain his task branch, just rebased against a later point on the parent branch.

Let's say I start with this graph (generated using the graphlog extension. Serious geek love for graphlog).

@  9a4c0eb66429 Feature 3 commit 2 tip feature3
|
| o  af630ccb4a80 default againagainagain  
| |
o |  98bdde5d2185 Feature 3 branch commit 1  feature3
|/
o  e9f850ac41da foo   

If I'm on the feature3 branch and want to rebase it off of the againagainagain commit, I understand that I would run hg rebase -d default. This has the following result:

@  89dada24591e Feature 3 commit 2 tip 
|
o  77dcce88786d Feature 3 branch commit 1  
|
o  af630ccb4a80 default againagainagain  
|
o  e9f850ac41da foo  

Mission accomplished? I don't think so. The problem is that when the commits on the feature3 branch were rebased on againagainagain, the feature3 branch was deleted. My commits have been moved to the default branch, which was what I was trying to avoid in the first place.

In Git, the result would look like this:

@  9a4c0eb66429 Feature 3 commit 2 tip
|
o  98bdde5d2185 Feature 3 branch commit 1 **feature3**
|
o  af630ccb4a80 default againagainagain
|
o  e9f850ac41da foo

Notice that the feature3 branch still exists, the two commits are still on the feature3 branch, and not visible on default. Without preserving the task branch, I don't see how this is functionally different from a merge.

UPDATE: I discovered the --keepbranches flag supported by hg rebase, and I'm happy to report everything is okey-dokey. Using hg rebase -d default --keepbranches, I exactly replicate the Git behavior I craved. A couple of aliases later and I'm rebasing like nobody's business.


Assuming you have a modern Hg installation, you can simply add:

[extensions]
rebase = 

to ~/.hgrc.

Then you can use the commands hg rebase, hg pull --rebase, or hg help rebase.


VonC has the answer you're looking for, the Rebase Extension. It is, however, worth spending a second or two thinking about why neither mq nor rebase are enabled by default in mercurial: because mercurial is all about indelible changesets. When I work in the manner you're describing, which is nearly daily, here's the pattern I take:

1. Start working on a new feature:
$ hg clone mainline-repo newfeature-123
do a few commits (M, N, O)

master A---B---C
                \
newfeature-123   M---N---O

2. Pull new changes from upstream mainline:
$ hg pull

master A---B---C---D---E---F
                \
newfeature-123   M---N---O

3. merge master into my clone so that my new feature 
can be developed against the latest upstream changes:
(from newfeature-123)
$ hg merge F

master A---B---C---D---E---F
                \           \
newfeature-123   M---N---O---P

and that's really all that's necessary. I end up with a newfeature-123 clone I can easily push back to the mainline when I'm happy with it. Most importantly, however, I never changed history. Someone can look at my csets and see what they were originally coded against and how I reacted to changes in the mainline throughout my work. Not everyone thinks that has value, but I'm a firm believer that it's the job of source control to show us not what we wished had happened, but what actually happened -- every deadend and every refactor should leave an indelible trace, and rebasing and other history editing techniques hide that.

Now go pick VonC's answer while I put my soapbox away. :)


To rename a branch locally:

git branch -m [old-branch] [new-branch]

Now you'll have to propagate these changes on your remote server as well.

To push changes of the deleted old branch:

git push origin :[old-branch]

To push changes of creation of new branch:

git push origin [new-branch]




git mercurial dvcs rebase