ios containsstring - How do I check if a string contains another string in Objective-C?




whitespace swift (18)

How can I check if a string (NSString) contains another smaller string?

I was hoping for something like:

NSString *string = @"hello bla bla";
NSLog(@"%d",[string containsSubstring:@"hello"]);

But the closest I could find was:

if ([string rangeOfString:@"hello"] == 0) {
    NSLog(@"sub string doesnt exist");
} 
else {
    NSLog(@"exists");
}

Anyway, is that the best way to find if a string contains another string?


Answers

First string contain or not second string,

NSString *first = @"Banana";
NSString *second = @"BananaMilk";
NSRange range = [first rangeOfString:second options:NSCaseInsensitiveSearch];

if (range.length > 0) {
    NSLog(@"Detected");
}
else {
    NSLog(@"Not detected");
}

Best solution. As simple as this! If you want to find a word or part of the string. You can use this code. In this example we are going to check if the value of word contains "acter".

NSString *word [email protected]"find a word or character here";
if ([word containsString:@"acter"]){
    NSLog(@"It contains acter");
} else {
     NSLog (@"It does not contain acter");
}

In case of swift, this can be used

let string = "Package #23"
if string.containsString("Package #") {
    //String contains substring
}
else {
    //String does not contain substring
}

So personally I really hate NSNotFound but understand its necessity.

But some people may not understand the complexities of comparing against NSNotFound

For example, this code:

- (BOOL)doesString:(NSString*)string containString:(NSString*)otherString {
    if([string rangeOfString:otherString].location != NSNotFound)
        return YES;
    else
        return NO;
}

has its problems:

1) Obviously if otherString = nil this code will crash. a simple test would be:

NSLog(@"does string contain string - %@", [self doesString:@"hey" containString:nil] ? @"YES": @"NO");

results in !! CRASH !!

2) What is not so obvious to someone new to objective-c is that the same code will NOT crash when string = nil. For example, this code:

NSLog(@"does string contain string - %@", [self doesString:nil containString:@"hey"] ? @"YES": @"NO");

and this code:

NSLog(@"does string contain string - %@", [self doesString:nil containString:nil] ? @"YES": @"NO");

will both result in

does string contains string - YES

Which is clearly NOT what you want.

So the better solution that I believe works is to use the fact that rangeOfString returns the length of 0 so then a better more reliable code is this:

- (BOOL)doesString:(NSString*)string containString:(NSString*)otherString {
    if(otherString && [string rangeOfString:otherString].length)
        return YES;
    else
        return NO;
}

OR SIMPLY:

- (BOOL)doesString:(NSString*)string containString:(NSString*)otherString {
    return (otherString && [string rangeOfString:otherString].length);
}

which will for cases 1 and 2 will return

does string contains string - NO

That's my 2 cents ;-)

Please check out my Gist for more helpful code.


In Swift 4:

let a = "Hello, how are you?"
a.contains("Hello")   //will return true

NSString *string = @"hello bla bla";
if ([string rangeOfString:@"bla"].location == NSNotFound) {
  NSLog(@"string does not contain bla");
} else {
  NSLog(@"string contains bla!");
}

The key is noticing that rangeOfString: returns an NSRange struct, and the documentation says that it returns the struct {NSNotFound, 0} if the "haystack" does not contain the "needle".


And if you're on iOS 8 or OS X Yosemite, you can now do: (*NOTE: This WILL crash your app if this code is called on an iOS7 device).

NSString *string = @"hello bla blah";
if ([string containsString:@"bla"]) {
  NSLog(@"string contains bla!");
} else {
  NSLog(@"string does not contain bla");
}

👍


If certain position of the string is needed, this code comes to place in Swift 3.0:

let string = "This is my string"
let substring = "my"

let position = string.range(of: substring)?.lowerBound

Since this seems to be a high-ranking result in Google, I want to add this:

iOS 8 and OS X 10.10 add the containsString: method to NSString. An updated version of Dave DeLong's example for those systems:

NSString *string = @"hello bla bla";
if ([string containsString:@"bla"]) {
    NSLog(@"string contains bla!");
} else {
    NSLog(@"string does not contain bla");
}

NSString *categoryString = @"Holiday Event";
if([categoryString rangeOfString:@"Holiday"].location == NSNotFound)
{
    //categoryString does not contains Holiday
}
else
{
    //categoryString contains Holiday
}

Please use this code

NSString *string = @"hello bla bla";
if ([string rangeOfString:@"bla"].location == NSNotFound) 
{
    NSLog(@"string does not contain bla");
} 
else 
{  
    NSLog(@"string contains bla!");
}

NOTE: This answer is now obsolete

Create a category for NSString:

@interface NSString ( SubstringSearch )
    - (BOOL)containsString:(NSString *)substring;
@end

// - - - - 

@implementation NSString ( SubstringSearch )

- (BOOL)containsString:(NSString *)substring
{    
    NSRange range = [self rangeOfString : substring];
    BOOL found = ( range.location != NSNotFound );
    return found;
}

@end

EDIT: Observe Daniel Galasko's comment below regarding naming


Here is a copy-and-paste function snippet:

-(BOOL)Contains:(NSString *)StrSearchTerm on:(NSString *)StrText
{
    return [StrText rangeOfString:StrSearchTerm 
        options:NSCaseInsensitiveSearch].location != NSNotFound;
}

An improved version of P i's solution, a category on NSString, that not only will tell, if a string is found within another string, but also takes a range by reference, is:

@interface NSString (Contains)
-(BOOL)containsString: (NSString*)substring
              atRange:(NSRange*)range;

-(BOOL)containsString:(NSString *)substring;
@end

@implementation NSString (Contains)

-(BOOL)containsString:(NSString *)substring
              atRange:(NSRange *)range{

    NSRange r = [self rangeOfString : substring];
    BOOL found = ( r.location != NSNotFound );
    if (range != NULL) *range = r;
    return found;
}

-(BOOL)containsString:(NSString *)substring
{
    return [self containsString:substring
                        atRange:NULL];
}

@end

Use it like:

NSString *string = @"Hello, World!";

//If you only want to ensure a string contains a certain substring
if ([string containsString:@"ello" atRange:NULL]) {
    NSLog(@"YES");
}

// Or simply
if ([string containsString:@"ello"]) {
    NSLog(@"YES");
}

//If you also want to know substring's range
NSRange range;
if ([string containsString:@"ello" atRange:&range]) {
    NSLog(@"%@", NSStringFromRange(range));
}

If do not bother about case-sensitive string. Try this once.

NSString *string  = @"Hello World!";

if([string rangeOfString:@"hello" options:NSCaseInsensitiveSearch].location !=NSNotFound)
{
    NSLog(@"found");
}
else
{
    NSLog(@"not found");
}

NSString *myString = @"hello bla bla";
NSRange rangeValue = [myString rangeOfString:@"hello" options:NSCaseInsensitiveSearch];

if (rangeValue.length > 0)
{
    NSLog(@"string contains hello");
} 
else 
{
    NSLog(@"string does not contain hello!");
}

//You can alternatively use following too :

if (rangeValue.location == NSNotFound) 
{
    NSLog(@"string does not contain hello");
} 
else 
{
    NSLog(@"string contains hello!");
}

Oneliner (Smaller amount of code. DRY, as you have only one NSLog):

NSString *string = @"hello bla bla";
NSLog(@"String %@", ([string rangeOfString:@"bla"].location == NSNotFound) ? @"not found" : @"cotains bla"); 

SWift 4 And Above

 let str = "Hello iam midhun"

   if str.contains("iam") {
     //contain substring
   }
   else {
     //doesn't contain substring
   }

No, there isn't any string.contains(str) method, but there is the in operator:

if substring in someString:
    print "It's there!!!"

Here is a more complex working example:

# Print all files with dot in home directory
import commands
(st, output) = commands.getstatusoutput('ls -a ~')
print [f for f in output.split('\n') if '.' in f ]




ios objective-c string substring