with - python setup.py egg_info django
error: Unable to find vcvarsall.bat (20)
I tried to install the Python package dulwich:
pip install dulwich
But I get a cryptic error message:
error: Unable to find vcvarsall.bat
The same happens if I try installing the package manually:
> python setup.py install running build_ext building 'dulwich._objects' extension error: Unable to find vcvarsall.bat
If you want to compile with Visual Studio C++ instead of mingw...
python.exeto display which version of VC++ it was compiled with (example shown below).
- Yellow (top) is Python 2.7, compiled with MSC v.1500 (Visual Studio C++ 2008)
- Red (bottom) is Python 3.4.1, compiled with MSC v.1600 (Visual Studio C++ 2010)
Use the table below to match the internal VC++ version with the corresponding Visual Studio release:
MSC v.1000 -> Visual C++ 4.x MSC v.1100 -> Visual C++ 5 MSC v.1200 -> Visual C++ 6 MSC v.1300 -> Visual C++ .NET MSC v.1310 -> Visual C++ .NET 2003 MSC v.1400 -> Visual C++ 2005 (8.0) MSC v.1500 -> Visual C++ 2008 (9.0) MSC v.1600 -> Visual C++ 2010 (10.0) MSC v.1700 -> Visual C++ 2012 (11.0) MSC v.1800 -> Visual C++ 2013 (12.0) MSC v.1900 -> Visual C++ 2015 (14.0) MSC v.1910 -> Visual C++ 2017 (15.0)
Download and install the corresponding version of Visual Studio C++ from the previous step.
Additional notes for specific versions of VC++ are listed below.
Notes for Visual Studio C++ 2008
For only the 32-bit compilers, download Visual Studio C++ 2008 Express Edition.
For the 64-bit compilers, download Windows SDK for Windows 7 and .NET Framework 3.5 SP1.
- Uncheck everything except
Developer Tools >> Visual C++ Compilersto save time and disk space from installing SDK tools you otherwise don't need.
Notes for Visual Studio C++ 2010
According to Microsoft, if you installed Visual Studio 2010 SP1, it may have removed the compilers and libraries for VC++.
If that is the case, download Visual C++ 2010 SP1 Compiler Update.
Notes for Visual Studio C++ 2015
If you don't need the Visual Studio IDE, download Visual Studio C++ 2015 Build Tools.
Notes for Visual Studio C++ 2017
If you don't need the Visual Studio IDE, download Build Tools for Visual Studio 2017.
Suggestion: If you have both a 32- and 64-bit Python installation, you may also want to use virtualenv to create separate Python environments so you can use one or the other at a time without messing with your path to choose which Python version to use.
- Uncheck everything except
According to @srodriguex, you may be able to skip manually loading the batch file (Steps 4-6) by instead copying a few batch files to where Python is searching by following this answer. If that doesn't work, here are the following steps that originally worked for me.
Open up a
Before you try installing something which requires C extensions, run the following batch file to load the VC++ compiler's environment into the session (i.e. environment variables, the path to the compiler, etc).
Note: 32-bit Windows installs will only have
C:\Program Files\as expected
"C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 9.0\Common7\Tools\vsvars32.bat"
"C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 9.0\Common7\Tools\vsvars64.bat"
Note: Yes, the native 64-bit compilers are in
Program Files (x86). Don't ask me why.
Additionally, if you are wondering what the difference between
vcvarsx86_amd64.bator more importantly the difference between
x86_amd64, the former are for the native 64-bit compiler tools and the latter are the 64-bit cross compilers that can run on a 32-bit Windows installation.
If for some reason you are getting
error: ... was unexpected at this time.where the
...is some series of characters, then you need to check that you path variable does not have any extraneous characters like extra quotations or stray characters. The batch file is not going to be able to update your session path if it can't make sense of it in the first place.
If that went well, you should get one of the following messages depending on which version of VC++ and which command you ran:
For the 32-bit compiler tools:
Setting environment for using Microsoft Visual Studio 20xx x86 tools.
For the 64-bit compiler tools:
Setting environment for using Microsoft Visual Studio 20xx x64 tools.
Now, run the setup via
python setup.py installor
pip install pkg-name
Hope and cross your fingers that the planets are aligned correctly for VC++ to cooperate.
Update: Comments point out that the instructions here may be dangerous. Consider using the Visual C++ 2008 Express edition or the purpose-built Microsoft Visual C++ Compiler for Python (details) and NOT using the original answer below. Original error message means the required version of Visual C++ is not installed.
For Windows installations:
While running setup.py for package installations, Python 2.7 searches for an installed Visual Studio 2008. You can trick Python to use a newer Visual Studio by setting the correct path in
VS90COMNTOOLS environment variable before calling
Execute the following command based on the version of Visual Studio installed:
- Visual Studio 2010 (VS10):
- Visual Studio 2012 (VS11):
- Visual Studio 2013 (VS12):
- Visual Studio 2015 (VS14):
WARNING: As noted below, this answer is unlikely to work if you are trying to compile python modules.
See Building lxml for Python 2.7 on Windows for details.
Below steps fixed this issue for me, I was trying to create setup with cython extension.
- Install Microsoft Visual C++ Compiler for Python 2.7
- The default install location would be @ C:\Users\PC-user\AppData\Local\Programs\Common\Microsoft\Visual C++ for Python This might actually fix the issue, test once before proceeding.
- If it fails, Check where in VC++ for python vcvarsall.bat file is located
- Open the msvc9compiler.py file of distutils package in notepad.
- In my box this was @ C:\Anaconda2\Lib\distutils\msvc9compiler.py find_vcvarsall function in this file, determine the version of VC by printing out version argument. For Python 2.7 it's likely to be 9.0
- Now create an environment variable VS90COMNTOOLS, Pointing to C:\Users\PC-user\AppData\Local\Programs\Common\Microsoft\Visual C++ for Python\9.0\VC\bin
For some reason distutils expects the vcvarsall.bat file to be within VC dir, but VC++ for python tools has it in the root of 9.0 To fix this, remove "VC" from the path.join (roughly around line 247)
#productdir = os.path.join(toolsdir, os.pardir, os.pardir, "VC") productdir = os.path.join(toolsdir, os.pardir, os.pardir)
The above steps fixed the issue for me.
I don't know if it is too late, but I found Microsoft Visual C++ Compiler for Python 2.7 which reads
The typical error message you will receive if you need this compiler package is Unable to find vcvarsall.bat
Hope this helps!
I found the solution. I had the exact same problem, and error, installing 'amara'. I had mingw32 installed, but distutils needed to be configured.
- I have Python 2.6 that was already installed.
- I installed mingw32 to
- Add mingw32's bin directory to your environment variable: append
c:\programs\MinGW\bin;to the PATH
Edit (create if not existing) distutils.cfg file located at
Make sure environment is set by opening a new
I got the same problem and have solved it at the moment.
"Google" told me that I need to install "Microsoft Visual C++ Compiler for Python 2.7". I install not only the tool, but also Visual C++ 2008 Reditributable, but it didn't help. I then tried to install Visual C++ 2008 Express Edition. And the problem has gone!
Just try to install Visual C++ 2008 Express Edition!
I had this problem using Python 3.4.1 on Windows 7 x64, and unfortunately the packages I needed didn't have suitable exe or wheels that I could use. This system requires a few 'workarounds', which are detailed below (and TLDR at bottom).
Using the info in Jaxrtech's answer above, I determined I needed Visual Studio C++ 2010 (sys.version return MSC v.1600), so I installed Visual C++ 2010 Express from the link in his answer, which is http://go.microsoft.com/?linkid=9709949. I installed everything with updates, but as you can read below, this was a mistake. Only the original version of Express should be installed at this time (no updated anything).
vcvarsall.bat was now present, but there was a new error when installing the package,
query_vcvarsall raise ValueError(str(list(result.keys())))ValueError: [u'path']. There are other questions with this error, such as Errors while building/installing C module for Python 2.7
I determined from that answer that 2010 Express only installs 32-bit compilers. To get 64-bit (and other) compilers, you need to install Windows 7.1 SDK. See http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/windowsserver/bb980924.aspx
This would not install for me though, and the installer returned the error
installation failed with return code 5100. I found the solution at the following link: http://support.microsoft.com/kb/2717426. In short, if newer versions of x86 and x64 Microsoft Visual C++ 2010 Redistributable's are installed, they conflict with the ones in SDK installer, and need uninstalling first.
The SDK then installed, but I noticed vcvars64.bat still did not exist in
C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 10.0\VC\bin, nor its subfolders. vcvarsall.bat runs the vcvars64 batch file, so without it, the python package still wouldn't install (I forgot the error that was shown at this time).
I then found some instructions here: http://www.cryptohaze.com/wiki/index.php/Windows_7_Build_Setup#Download_VS_2010_and_Windows_SDK_7.1
Following the instructions, I had already installed Express and 7.1 SDK, so installed SDK 7.1 SP1, and did the missing header file fix. I then manually created vcvars64.bat with the content
CALL setenv /x64. I will paste all those instructions here, so they don't get lost.
Step 1 is to download Visual Studio Express 2010.
http://www.microsoft.com/visualstudio/en-us/products/2010-editions/express is a good place to start. Download the installer, and run it (vc_web.exe). You don't need the SQL 2008 additional download.
You'll also need the Windows SDK (currently 7.1) for the 64-bit compilers - unless you want to do 32-bit only builds, which are not fully supported...
http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=8279 is a good starting point to download this - you'll want to run winsdk_web.exe when downloaded!
The default install here is just fine.
Finally, download and install the Windows SDK 7.1 SP1 update: http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=4422
And, to fix missing header file, VS2010 SP1. http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/en/confirmation.aspx?FamilyID=75568aa6-8107-475d-948a-ef22627e57a5
And, bloody hell, fix the missing batch file for VS2010 Express. This is getting downright absurd.
In C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 10.0\VC\bin\amd64, create "vcvars64.bat" with the following (you will need to be running as administrator):
CALL setenv /x64
My python package still did not install (can't recall error). I then found some instructions (copied below) to use the special SDK 7.1 Command Prompt, see: https://mail.python.org/pipermail/distutils-sig/2012-February/018300.html
Never mind this question. Somebody here noticed this item on the menu: Start->All Programs->Microsoft Windows SDK v7.1 ->Windows SDK 7.1 Command Prompt
This runs a batch job that appears to set up a working environment for the compiler. From that prompt, you can type "setup.py build" or "setup.py install".
I opened the Windows SDK 7.1 Command Prompt as instructed, and used it to run easy_install on the python package. And at last, success!
- Install Visual Studio Express 2010 (preferably without updated redistributables or SQL server).
- Install Windows 7.1 SDK
- Instal SDK 7.1 SP1 update, and VS2010 SP1 header file fix (this step may not be required).
- Manually create
C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 10.0\VC\bin\amd64\vcvars64.batwith content
CALL setenv /x64
- Start->All Programs->Microsoft Windows SDK v7.1 ->Windows SDK 7.1 Command Prompt to open special x64 command prompt, which can then be used with python/easy_install/pip/etc (including those in virtual_envs).
I have python 2.73 and windows 7 .The solution that worked for me was:
- Added mingw32's bin directory to environment variable: append PATH with
Created distutils.cfg located at
To deal with MinGW not recognizing the -mno-cygwin flag anymore, remove the flag in C:\Python27\Lib\distutils\cygwincompiler.py line 322 to 326, so it looks like this:
self.set_executables(compiler='gcc -O -Wall', compiler_so='gcc -mdll -O -Wall', compiler_cxx='g++ -O -Wall', linker_exe='gcc', linker_so='%s %s %s' % (self.linker_dll, shared_option, entry_point))
I spent almost 2 days figuring out how to fix this problem in my python 3.4 64 bit version: Python 3.4.3 (v3.4.3:9b73f1c3e601, Feb 24 2015, 22:44:40) [MSC v.1600 64 bit (AMD64)] on win32
Solution 1, hard: (before reading this, read first Solution 2 below) Finally, this is what helped me:
- install Visual C++ 2010 Express
- install Microsoft Windows SDK v7.1 for Windows 7
- create manually file
C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 10.0\VC\bin\amd64which contains
CALL "C:\Program Files\Microsoft SDKs\Windows\v7.1\Bin\SetEnv.cmd" /x64or other path depending on where you have yours installed
- (this seems to be optional) install Microsoft Visual Studio 2010 Service Pack 1 together with Microsoft Visual C++ 2010 Service Pack 1 Compiler Update for the Windows SDK 7.1
after that I tried to
pip install numpybut received the following error:
File "numpy\core\setup.py", line 686, in get_mathlib_info raise RuntimeError("Broken toolchain: cannot link a simple C program") RuntimeError: Broken toolchain: cannot link a simple C program
C:\Python34\Lib\distutils\msvc9compiler.pyper this https://.com/a/23099820/4383472
- finally after
pip install numpycommand my avast antivirus tried to interfere into the installation process, but i quickly disabled it
It took very long - several minutes for numpy to compile, I even thought that there was an error, but finally everything was ok.
Solution 2, easy:
(I know this approach has already been mentioned in a highly voted answer, but let me repeat since it really is easier)
After going through all of this work I understood that the best way for me is just to use already precompiled binaries from http://www.lfd.uci.edu/~gohlke/pythonlibs/ in future. There is very small chance that I will ever need some package (or a version of a package) which this site doesn't contain. The installation process is also much quicker this way. For example, to install
numpy‑1.9.2+mkl‑cp34‑none‑win_amd64.whl(if you have Python 3.4 64-bit) from that site
- in command prompt or powershell install it with pip
pip install numpy‑1.9.2+mkl‑cp34‑none‑win_amd64.whl(or full path to the file depending how command prompt is opened)
I tried all the above answers, and found all of them not to work, this was perhaps I was using Windows 8 and had installed Visual Studio 2012. In this case, this is what you do.
vcvarsall.bat file is located here:
C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 11.0\VC
Simply select the file, and copy it.
Then go to this directory:
C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 11.0\Common7\Tools
and paste the file. And then, all should be well.
I wanted to run pysph on Windows 10 under Python 2.7 and got vcvarsall.bat was not found (from distutils)
My solution was the following:
Install Microsoft Visual C++ for Python 2.7 (like @Michael suggested)
On Windows 10 it was installed into (my username is Andreas):
C:\Users\Andreas\AppData\Local\Programs\Common\Microsoft\Visual C++ for Python\9.0
Set environment variable VS90COMNTOOLS to the installation path of Visual C++ for Python 2.7 (see above path).
If it still doesn't work, then modifiy in the module
the file msvc9compiler.py. Find in it the function find_vcvarsall and do following modification.
Replace the line:
productdir = os.path.join(toolsdir, os.pardir, os.pardir, "VC")
productdir = os.path.join(toolsdir)
This is where vcvarsall.bat resides in my case (check, where vcvarsall.bat is in your installation).
If you have mingw installed
pip install --global-option build_ext --global-option --compiler=mingw32 packagename
works, forcing pip to build using the mingw compiler instead of Microsoft's. See here https://github.com/pypa/pip/issues/18 for details (last post).
Is Microsoft Visual C++ Compiler for Python 2.7 at http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=44266 not a solution?
Look in the
setup.py file of the package you are trying to install. If it is an older package it may be importing
distutils.core.setup() rather than
I ran in to this (in 2015) with a combination of these factors:
The Microsoft Visual C++ Compiler for Python 2.7 from http://aka.ms/vcpython27
An older package that uses
Trying to do
python setup.py buildrather than using
If you use a recent version of pip, it will force (monkeypatch) the package to use setuptools, even if its
setup.py calls for distutils. However, if you are not using pip, and instead are just doing
python setup.py build, the build process will use
distutils.core.setup(), which does not know about the compiler install location.
Step 1: Open the appropriate Visual C++ 2008 Command Prompt
Open the Start menu or Start screen, and search for "Visual C++ 2008 32-bit Command Prompt" (if your python is 32-bit) or "Visual C++ 2008 64-bit Command Prompt" (if your python is 64-bit). Run it. The command prompt should say Visual C++ 2008 ... in the title bar.
Step 2: Set environment variables
Set these environment variables in the command prompt you just opened.
SET DISTUTILS_USE_SDK=1 SET MSSdk=1
Step 3: Build and install
cd to the package you want to build, and run
python setup.py build, then
python setup.py install. If you want to install in to a virtualenv, activate it before you build.
Maybe somebody can be interested, the following worked for me for the py2exe package. (I have windows 7 64 bit and portable python 2.7, Visual Studio 2005 Express with Windows SDK for Windows 7 and .NET Framework 4)
python.exe setup.py install
The answer given by @monkey is one of the correct ones, but it is incomplete.
In case you'd like to use MinGW, you should select the C, C++ and also other development tools suggested during the MinGW installation process to also get "make.exe."
You must also have the path set to make.exe in the env.
To complete his answer, here are the steps:
- Add mingw32's bin directory to your environment variables
C:\Programs\MinGW\bin;C:\Programs\MinGW\msys\1.0\bin;to the PATH
Edit (create if it doesn't exist) the
distutils.cfgfile located at
Make sure the environment variables is set by opening a new cmd.exe.
What's going on? Python modules can be part written in C or C++ (typically for speed). If you try to install such a package with Pip (or
setup.py), it has to compile that C/C++ from source. Out the box, Pip will brazenly assume you the compiler Microsoft Visual C++ installed. If you don't have it, you'll see this cryptic error message "Error: Unable to find vcvarsall.bat".
The prescribed solution is to install a C/C++ compiler, either Microsoft Visual C++, or MinGW (an open-source project). However, installing and configuring either is prohibitively difficult. (Edit 2014: Microsoft have published a special C++ compiler for Python 2.7)
The easiest solution is to use Christoph Gohlke's Windows installers (.msi) for popular Python packages. He builds installers for Python 2.x and 3.x, 32 bit and 64 bit. You can download them from http://www.lfd.uci.edu/~gohlke/pythonlibs/
If you too think "Error: Unable to find vcvarsall.bat" is a ludicrously cryptic and unhelpful message, then please comment on the bug at http://bugs.python.org/issue2943 to replace it with a more helpful and user-friendly message.
For comparison, Ruby ships with a package manager Gem and offers a quasi-official C/C++ compiler, DevKit. If you try to install a package without it, you see this helpful friendly useful message:
Please update your PATH to include build tools or download the DevKit from http://rubyinstaller.org/downloads and follow the instructions at http://github.com/oneclick/rubyinstaller/wiki/Development-Kit
You can read a longer rant about Python packaging at https://.com/a/13445719/284795
With Python 3.4, the dependency is on Visual Studio 2010. Installing Visual C++ 2010 Express fixed the problem for me.
Tricking it into using the VS 2008 or 2013 installs that I happened to have didn't work.
You can install compiled version from http://www.lfd.uci.edu/~gohlke/pythonlibs/
You can use easy_install instead of pip it works for me.