transparency - html5-canvas element-Multiple layers




how to (6)

Without any extension library, is it possible to have multiple layers in the same canvas element?

So if I do a clearRect on the top layer, it will not erase the bottom one?

Thanks.


Answers

No, however, you could layer multiple <canvas> elements on top of each other and accomplish something similar.

<div style="position: relative;">
 <canvas id="layer1" width="100" height="100" 
   style="position: absolute; left: 0; top: 0; z-index: 0;"></canvas>
 <canvas id="layer2" width="100" height="100" 
   style="position: absolute; left: 0; top: 0; z-index: 1;"></canvas>
</div>

Draw your first layer on the layer1 canvas, and the second layer on the layer2 canvas. Then when you clearRect on the top layer, whatever's on the lower canvas will show through.


You can create multiple canvas elements without appending them into document. These will be your layers:

Then do whatever you want with them and at the end just render their content in proper order at destination canvas using drawImage on context.

Example:

/* using canvas from DOM */
var domCanvas = document.getElementById('some-canvas');
var domContext = domCanvas.getContext('2d');
domContext.fillRect(50,50,150,50);

/* virtual canvase 1 - not appended to the DOM */
var canvas = document.createElement('canvas');
var ctx = canvas.getContext('2d');
ctx.fillStyle = 'blue';
ctx.fillRect(50,50,150,150);

/* virtual canvase 2 - not appended to the DOM */    
var canvas2 = document.createElement('canvas')
var ctx2 = canvas2.getContext('2d');
ctx2.fillStyle = 'yellow';
ctx2.fillRect(50,50,100,50)

/* render virtual canvases on DOM canvas */
domContext.drawImage(canvas, 0, 0, 200, 200);
domContext.drawImage(canvas2, 0, 0, 200, 200);

And here is some codepen: https://codepen.io/anon/pen/mQWMMW


You might also checkout http://www.concretejs.com which is a modern, lightweight, Html5 canvas framework that enables hit detection, layering, and lots of other peripheral things. You can do things like this:

var wrapper = new Concrete.Wrapper({
  width: 500,
  height: 300,
  container: el
});

var layer1 = new Concrete.Layer();
var layer2 = new Concrete.Layer();

wrapper.add(layer1).add(layer2);

// draw stuff
layer1.sceneCanvas.context.fillStyle = 'red';
layer1.sceneCanvas.context.fillRect(0, 0, 100, 100);

// reorder layers
layer1.moveUp();

// destroy a layer
layer1.destroy();

I was having this same problem too, I while multiple canvas elements with position:absolute does the job, if you want to save the output into an image, that's not going to work.

So I went ahead and did a simple layering "system" to code as if each layer had its own code, but it all gets rendered into the same element.

https://github.com/federicojacobi/layeredCanvas

I intend to add extra capabilities, but for now it will do.

You can do multiple functions and call them in order to "fake" layers.


Related to this:

If you have something on your canvas and you want to draw something at the back of it - you can do it by changing the context.globalCompositeOperation setting to 'destination-over' - and then return it to 'source-over' when you're done.

var co = document.getElementById('cvs').getContext('2d');

// Draw a red square

co.fillStyle = 'red';
co.fillRect(50,50,100,100);



// Change the globalCompositeOperation to destination-over so that anything
// that is drawn on to the canvas from this point on is drawn at the back
// of whats already on the canvas

co.globalCompositeOperation = 'destination-over';



// Draw a big yellow rectangle

co.fillStyle = 'yellow';
co.fillRect(0,0,600,250);


// Now return the globalCompositeOperation to source-over and draw a
// blue rectangle

co.globalCompositeOperation = 'source-over';

co.fillStyle = 'blue';
co.fillRect(75,75,100,100);

in webkit you need to set the width to a different value, then you can set it back to the initial value





html5 canvas layer