objects - loop through object javascript




Loop through an array in JavaScript (20)

for (var s of myStringArray) {

(Directly answering your question: now you can!)

Most other answers are right, but they do not mention (as of this writing) that ECMA Script  6  2015 is bringing a new mechanism for doing iteration, the for..of loop.

This new syntax is the most elegant way to iterate an array in javascript (as long you don't need the iteration index), but it is not yet widely supported by the browsers.

It currently works with Firefox 13+, Chrome 37+ and it does not natively work with other browsers (see browser compatibility below). Luckily we have JS compilers (such as Babel) that allow us to use next-generation features today.

It also works on Node (I tested it on version 0.12.0).

Iterating an array

// You could also use "let" instead of "var" for block scope.
for (var letter of ["a", "b", "c"]) { 
   console.log(letter); 
}

Iterating an array of objects

var band = [
  {firstName : 'John', lastName: 'Lennon'}, 
  {firstName : 'Paul', lastName: 'McCartney'}
];

for(var member of band){
  console.log(member.firstName + ' ' + member.lastName); 
}

Iterating a generator:

(example extracted from https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Statements/for...of)

function* fibonacci() { // a generator function
  let [prev, curr] = [1, 1];
  while (true) {
    [prev, curr] = [curr, prev + curr];
    yield curr;
  }
}

for (let n of fibonacci()) {
  console.log(n);
  // truncate the sequence at 1000
  if (n >= 1000) {
    break;
  }
}

Compatibility table: http://kangax.github.io/es5-compat-table/es6/#For..of loops

Spec: http://wiki.ecmascript.org/doku.php?id=harmony:iterators

}

In Java you can use a for loop to traverse objects in an array as follows:

String[] myStringArray = {"Hello", "World"};
for (String s : myStringArray)
{
    // Do something
}

Can you do the same in JavaScript?


The most elegant and fast way

var arr = [1, 2, 3, 1023, 1024];
for (var value; value = arr.pop();) {
    value + 1
}

http://jsperf.com/native-loop-performance/8


Edited (because I was wrong)


Comparing methods for looping through an array of 100000 items and do a minimal operation with the new value each time.

Preparation:

<script src="//code.jquery.com/jquery-2.1.0.min.js"></script>
<script src="//cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/underscore.js/1.6.0/underscore-min.js"></script>
<script>
    Benchmark.prototype.setup = function() {
        // Fake function with minimal action on the value
        var tmp = 0;
        var process = function(value) {
            tmp = value; // Hold a reference to the variable (prevent engine optimisation?)
        };

        // Declare the test Array
        var arr = [];
        for (var i = 0; i < 100000; i++)
            arr[i] = i;
    };
</script>

Tests:

<a href="http://jsperf.com/native-loop-performance/16" 
   title="http://jsperf.com/native-loop-performance/16"
><img src="http://i.imgur.com/YTrO68E.png" title="Hosted by imgur.com" /></a>

Array loop:

for(var i = 0; i < things.length; i++){
    var thing = things[i];
    console.log(thing);
}

Object loop:

for(var prop in obj){
    var propValue = obj[prop];
    console.log(propValue);
}

For example, I used in a Firefox console:

[].forEach.call(document.getElementsByTagName('pre'), function(e){ 
   console.log(e);
})

I would thoroughly recommend making use of the underscore.js library. It provides you with various functions that you can use to iterate over arrays/collections.

For instance:

_.each([1, 2, 3], function(num){ alert(num); });
=> alerts each number in turn...

If anybody is interested in the performance side of the multiple mechanisms available for Array iterations , i've prepared the following JSPerf tests:

https://jsperf.com/fastest-array-iterator

Results :

The traditional for() iterator, is by far the fastest method, specially when used with the array length cached.

let arr = [1,2,3,4,5];

for(let i=0, size=arr.length; i<size; i++){
    // do something
}

The Array.prototype.forEach() and the Array.prototype.map() methods are the slowest approximations, probably as a consequence of the function call overhead


If you want to use jQuery, it has a nice example in its documentation:

 $.each([ 52, 97 ], function( index, value ) {
      alert( index + ": " + value );
 });

If you're using the jQuery library, consider using http://api.jquery.com/jQuery.each/

From the documentation:

jQuery.each( collection, callback(indexInArray, valueOfElement) )

Returns: Object

Description: A generic iterator function, which can be used to seamlessly iterate over both objects and arrays. Arrays and array-like objects with a length property (such as a function's arguments object) are iterated by numeric index, from 0 to length-1. Other objects are iterated via their named properties.

The $.each() function is not the same as $(selector).each(), which is used to iterate, exclusively, over a jQuery object. The $.each() function can be used to iterate over any collection, whether it is a map (JavaScript object) or an array. In the case of an array, the callback is passed an array index and a corresponding array value each time. (The value can also be accessed through the this keyword, but Javascript will always wrap the this value as an Object even if it is a simple string or number value.) The method returns its first argument, the object that was iterated.


In JavaScript, there are so many solutions to loop an array.

The code below are popular ones

/** Declare inputs */
const items = ['Hello', 'World']

/** Solution 1. Simple for */
console.log('solution 1. simple for')

for (let i = 0; i < items.length; i++) {
  console.log(items[i])
}

console.log()
console.log()

/** Solution 2. Simple while */
console.log('solution 2. simple while')

let i = 0
while (i < items.length) {
  console.log(items[i++])
}

console.log()
console.log()

/** Solution 3. forEach*/
console.log('solution 3. forEach')

items.forEach(item => {
  console.log(item)
})

console.log()
console.log()

/** Solution 4. for-of*/
console.log('solution 4. for-of')

for (const item of items) {
  console.log(item)
}

console.log()
console.log()

It's not 100% identical, but similar:

   var myStringArray = ['Hello', 'World']; // array uses [] not {}
    for (var i in myStringArray) {
        console.log(i + ' -> ' + myStringArray[i]); // i is the index/key, not the item
    }

Short answer: yes. You can do with this:

var myArray = ["element1", "element2", "element3", "element4"];

for (i = 0; i < myArray.length; i++) {
  console.log(myArray[i]);
}

In a browser console, you can see something like "element1", "element2", etc., printed.


Some use cases of looping through an array in the functional programming way in JavaScript:

1. Just loop through an array

const myArray = [{x:100}, {x:200}, {x:300}];

myArray.forEach((element, index, array) => {
    console.log(element.x); // 100, 200, 300
    console.log(index); // 0, 1, 2
    console.log(array); // same myArray object 3 times
});

Note: Array.prototype.forEach() is not a functional way strictly speaking, as the function it takes as the input parameter is not supposed to return a value, which thus cannot be regarded as a pure function.

2. Check if any of the elements in an array pass a test

const people = [
    {name: 'John', age: 23}, 
    {name: 'Andrew', age: 3}, 
    {name: 'Peter', age: 8}, 
    {name: 'Hanna', age: 14}, 
    {name: 'Adam', age: 37}];

const anyAdult = people.some(person => person.age >= 18);
console.log(anyAdult); // true

3. Transform to a new array

const myArray = [{x:100}, {x:200}, {x:300}];

const newArray= myArray.map(element => element.x);
console.log(newArray); // [100, 200, 300]

Note: The map() method creates a new array with the results of calling a provided function on every element in the calling array.

4. Sum up a particular property, and calculate its average

const myArray = [{x:100}, {x:200}, {x:300}];

const sum = myArray.map(element => element.x).reduce((a, b) => a + b, 0);
console.log(sum); // 600 = 0 + 100 + 200 + 300

const average = sum / myArray.length;
console.log(average); // 200

5. Create a new array based on the original but without modifying it

const myArray = [{x:100}, {x:200}, {x:300}];

const newArray= myArray.map(element => {
    return {
        ...element,
        x: element.x * 2
    };
});

console.log(myArray); // [100, 200, 300]
console.log(newArray); // [200, 400, 600]

6. Count the number of each category

const people = [
    {name: 'John', group: 'A'}, 
    {name: 'Andrew', group: 'C'}, 
    {name: 'Peter', group: 'A'}, 
    {name: 'James', group: 'B'}, 
    {name: 'Hanna', group: 'A'}, 
    {name: 'Adam', group: 'B'}];

const groupInfo = people.reduce((groups, person) => {
    const {A = 0, B = 0, C = 0} = groups;
    if (person.group === 'A') {
        return {...groups, A: A + 1};
    } else if (person.group === 'B') {
        return {...groups, B: B + 1};
    } else {
        return {...groups, C: C + 1};
    }
}, {});

console.log(groupInfo); // {A: 3, C: 1, B: 2}

7. Retrieve a subset of an array based on particular criteria

const myArray = [{x:100}, {x:200}, {x:300}];

const newArray = myArray.filter(element => element.x > 250);
console.log(newArray); // [{x:300}] 

Note: The filter() method creates a new array with all elements that pass the test implemented by the provided function.

8. Sort an array

const people = [
  { name: "John", age: 21 },
  { name: "Peter", age: 31 },
  { name: "Andrew", age: 29 },
  { name: "Thomas", age: 25 }
];

let sortByAge = people.sort(function (p1, p2) {
  return p1.age - p2.age;
});

console.log(sortByAge);

9. Find an element in an array

const people = [ {name: "john", age:23},
                {name: "john", age:43},
                {name: "jim", age:101},
                {name: "bob", age:67} ];

const john = people.find(person => person.name === 'john');
console.log(john);

The Array.prototype.find() method returns the value of the first element in the array that satisfies the provided testing function.

References


The best way in my opinion is to use the Array.forEach function. If you cannot use that I would suggest to get the polyfill from MDN to make i available, it is certainly the safest way to iterate over an array in JavaScript.

https://developer.mozilla.org/en/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/Array/forEach

So as others has suggested, this is almost always what you want:

var numbers = [1,11,22,33,44,55,66,77,88,99,111];
var sum = 0;
numbers.forEach(function(n){
  sum += n;
});

This ensures that anything you need in the scope of processing the array stays within that scope, and that you are only processing the values of the array, not the object properties and other members, which is what for .. in does.

using a regular c style for loop works in most cases, it is just important to remember that everything within the loop shares it's scope with the rest of your program, the { } does not create a new scope.

Hence:

var sum = 0;
var numbers = [1,11,22,33,44,55,66,77,88,99,111];

for(var i = 0; i<numbers.length; ++i){ 
  sum += numbers[i];
}

alert(i);

will output "11" - which may or may not be what you want.

Working jsFiddle example: https://jsfiddle.net/workingClassHacker/pxpv2dh5/7/


The optimized approach is to cache the length of array and using single var pattern initializing all variables with single var keyword.

var i, max, myStringArray = ["Hello","World"];
for (i = 0, max = myStringArray.length; i < max; i++) {
    alert(myStringArray[i]);
   //Do something
}

If order of iteration does not matter than you should try reversed loop, it is fastest as it reduce overhead condition testing and decrement is in one statement:

var i,myStringArray = ["item1","item2"];
for (i =  myStringArray.length; i--) {
    alert(myStringArray[i]);
}

or better and cleaner to use while loop:

var myStringArray = ["item1","item2"],i = myStringArray.length;
while(i--) {
   // do something with fruits[i]
}

There are various way to loop through array in JavaScript.

Generic loop:

var i;
for (i = 0; i < substr.length; ++i) {
    // Do something with `substr[i]`
}

ES5's forEach:

substr.forEach(function(item) {
    // Do something with `item`
});

jQuery.each:

jQuery.each(substr, function(index, item) {
    // Do something with `item` (or `this` is also `item` if you like)
});

Have a look this for detailed information or you can also check MDN for looping through an array in JavaScript & using jQuery check jQuery for each.


There is a way to do it where you have very little implicit scope in your loop and do away with extra variables.

var i = 0,
     item;

// note this is weak to sparse arrays or falsey values
for ( ; item = myStringArray[i++] ; ){ 
    item; // This is the string at the index.
}

Or if you really want to get the id and have a really classical for loop:

var i = 0,
    len = myStringArray.length; // cache the length

for ( ; i < len ; i++ ){
    myStringArray[i]; // Don't use this if you plan on changing the length of the array
}

Modern browsers all support iterator methods forEach, map, reduce, filter and a host of other methods on the Array prototype.


Use a sequential for loop:

var myStringArray = ["Hello","World"];
var arrayLength = myStringArray.length;
for (var i = 0; i < arrayLength; i++) {
    alert(myStringArray[i]);
    //Do something
}

@zipcodeman suggests the use of the for...in statement, but for iterating arrays for-in should be avoided, that statement is meant to enumerate object properties.

It shouldn't be used for array-like objects because:

  • The order of iteration is not guaranteed, the array indexes may not be visited in numeric order.
  • Inherited properties are also enumerated.

The second point is that it can give you a lot of problems, for example, if you extend the Array.prototype object to include a method there, that property will be also enumerated.

For example:

Array.prototype.foo = "foo!";
var array = ['a', 'b', 'c'];

for (var i in array) {
  alert(array[i]);
}

The above code will alert, "a", "b", "c" and "foo!".

That be particularly a problem if you use some library that relies heavily on native prototypes augmention (such as MooTools for example).

The for-in statement as I said before is there to enumerate object properties, for example:

var obj = {
  "a": 1,
  "b": 2,
  "c": 3
};

for (var prop in obj) {
  if (obj.hasOwnProperty(prop)) { 
  // or if (Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty.call(obj,prop)) for safety...
    alert("prop: " + prop + " value: " + obj[prop])
  }
}

In the above example the hasOwnProperty method allows you to enumerate only own properties, that's it, only the properties that the object physically has, no inherited properties.

I would recommend you to read the following article:


Use the while loop...

var i=0, item, items = ['one','two','three'];
while(item = items[i++]){
    console.log(item);
}

logs: 'one','two','three'

And for the reverse order, an even more efficient loop

var items = ['one','two','three'], i = items.length;
while(i--){
    console.log(items[i]);
}

logs: 'three','two','one'

Or the classical for loop

var items = ['one','two','three']
for(var i=0, l = items.length; i < l; i++){
    console.log(items[i]);
}

logs: 'one','two','three'

Reference: http://www.sitepoint.com/google-closure-how-not-to-write-javascript/


Yes, you can do the same in JavaScript using loop, but not limited to that, many ways to do loop over arrays in JavaScrip, imagine you have this array below and you'd like to do a loop over it:

var arr = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];

These are the solutions:

1) For loop

For loop is a common way looping through arrays in JavaScript, but no considered as the fastest solutions for large arrays:

for (var i=0, l=arr.length; i<l; i++) { 
  console.log(arr[i]);
}

2) While loop

While loop considered as the fastest way to loop through long arrays, but usually less used in the JavaScript:

let i=0;

while (arr.length>i) {
    console.log(arr[i]);
    i++;
}

3) Do while
Do while doing the same thing as while with some syntax difference as below:

let i=0;
do {
  console.log(arr[i]);
  i++;
}
while (arr.length>i);

These are the main ways to do javascript loops, but there are few more ways to do that.

Also we use for in loop for looping over objects in javascript.

Also look at map(), filter(), reduce() etc functions on Array in JavaScript. They may do things much faster and better than using while and for.

This is good article if you like to learn more about the async functions over arrays in JavaScript.

Functional programming has been making quite a splash in the development world these days. And for good reason: Functional techniques can help you write more declarative code that is easier to understand at a glance, refactor, and test.

One of the cornerstones of functional programming is its special use of lists and list operations. And those things are exactly what the sound like they are: arrays of things, and the stuff you do to them. But the functional mindset treats them a bit differently than you might expect.

This article will take a close look at what I like to call the "big three" list operations: map, filter, and reduce. Wrapping your head around these three functions is an important step towards being able to write clean functional code, and opens the doors to the vastly powerful techniques of functional and reactive programming.

It also means you'll never have to write a for loop again.

Read more>> here:


You can use map, which is a functional programming technique that's also available in other languages like Python and Haskell.

[1,2,3,4].map( function(item) {
     alert(item);
})

The general syntax is:

array.map(func)

In general func would take one parameter, which is an item of the array. But in the case of JavaScript, it can take a second parameter which is the item's index, and a third parameter which is the array itself.

The return value of array.map is another array, so you can use it like this:

var x = [1,2,3,4].map( function(item) {return item * 10;});

And now x is [10,20,30,40].

You don't have to write the function inline. It could be a separate function.

var item_processor = function(item) {
      // Do something complicated to an item
}

new_list = my_list.map(item_processor);

which would be sort-of equivalent to:

 for (item in my_list) {item_processor(item);}

Except you don't get the new_list.





for-loop