variable - xcode c++17

g++ 8.1 template deduction ambiguity with std flag equal to 'c++17' (1)

The behavior changed since C++17.

Before C++17, the code works because std::vector has two template parameters (the 2nd one has the default argument std::allocator<T>), while the template template parameter Vector is declared to have only one, they don't match then the 2nd func won't be considered.

Since C++17 (CWG 150), the default template arguments are allowed for a template template argument to match a template template parameter with fewer template parameters. That means both func become valid candidates and then leads to ambiguity.

template<class T> class A { /* ... */ };
template<class T, class U = T> class B { /* ... */ };

template<template<class> class P> class X { /* ... */ };

X<A> xa; // OK
X<B> xb; // OK in C++17 after CWG 150
         // Error earlier: not an exact match

I have code which is differently interpreted by g++ with the c++14 and c++17 standard flags:

#include <iostream>
#include <vector>

template<class T, class A>
void func(const std::vector<T, A>&v)
    std::cout << 1 << std::endl;

template<typename T, template <typename>class Vector>
void func(const Vector<T>&v)
    std::cout << 2 << std::endl;

void f()
    std::vector<int> v;

int main()
    return 0;

When I'm trying compile this code with command

g++ -std=c++14 -Wall -pedantic main.cpp

everything works just fine.

But when I'm trying to compile this code with command

g++ -std=c++17 -Wall -pedantic main.cpp

I get this error:

main.cpp: In function 'void f()':
main.cpp:19:11: error: call of overloaded 'func(std::vector<int>&)' is ambiguous
main.cpp:5:6: note: candidate: 'void func(const std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>&) [with T = int; A = std::allocator<int>]'
 void func(const std::vector<T, A>&v)
main.cpp:11:6: note: candidate: 'void func(const Vector<T>&) [with T = int; Vector = std::vector]'
 void func(const Vector<T>&v)

I can't figure out what is wrong with this code from the C++17 standard's point of view.