now How do you get a timestamp in JavaScript?




javascript timestamp to date (24)

How can I get a timestamp in JavaScript?

Something similar to Unix's timestamp, that is, a single number that represents the current time and date. Either as a number or a string.


This seems to work.

console.log(clock.now);
// returns 1444356078076

console.log(clock.format(clock.now));
//returns 10/8/2015 21:02:16

console.log(clock.format(clock.now + clock.add(10, 'minutes'))); 
//returns 10/8/2015 21:08:18

var clock = {
    now:Date.now(),
    add:function (qty, units) {
            switch(units.toLowerCase()) {
                case 'weeks'   :  val = qty * 1000 * 60 * 60 * 24 * 7;  break;
                case 'days'    :  val = qty * 1000 * 60 * 60 * 24;  break;
                case 'hours'   :  val = qty * 1000 * 60 * 60;  break;
                case 'minutes' :  val = qty * 1000 * 60;  break;
                case 'seconds' :  val = qty * 1000;  break;
                default       :  val = undefined;  break;
                }
            return val;
            },
    format:function (timestamp){
            var date = new Date(timestamp);
            var year = date.getFullYear();
            var month = date.getMonth() + 1;
            var day = date.getDate();
            var hours = date.getHours();
            var minutes = "0" + date.getMinutes();
            var seconds = "0" + date.getSeconds();
            // Will display time in xx/xx/xxxx 00:00:00 format
            return formattedTime = month + '/' + 
                                day + '/' + 
                                year + ' ' + 
                                hours + ':' + 
                                minutes.substr(-2) + 
                                ':' + seconds.substr(-2);
            }
};

I like this, because it is small:

+new Date

I also like this, because it is just as short and is compatible with modern browsers, and over 500 people voted that it is better:

Date.now()

// The Current Unix Timestamp
// 1443534720 seconds since Jan 01 1970. (UTC)

// seconds
console.log(Math.floor(new Date().valueOf() / 1000)); // 1443534720
console.log(Math.floor(Date.now() / 1000)); // 1443534720
console.log(Math.floor(new Date().getTime() / 1000)); // 1443534720

// milliseconds
console.log(Math.floor(new Date().valueOf())); // 1443534720087
console.log(Math.floor(Date.now())); // 1443534720087
console.log(Math.floor(new Date().getTime())); // 1443534720087

// jQuery
// seconds
console.log(Math.floor($.now() / 1000)); // 1443534720
// milliseconds
console.log($.now()); // 1443534720087
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>

I learned a really cool way of converting a given Date object to a Unix timestamp from the source code of JQuery Cookie the other day.

Here's an example:

var date = new Date();
var timestamp = +date;

I provide multiple solutions with descriptions in this answer. Feel free to ask questions if anything is unclear
PS: sadly someone merged this to the top answer without giving credit.


Quick and dirty solution:

Date.now() /1000 |0

Warning: it might break in 2038 and return negative numbers if you do the |0 magic. Use Math.floor() instead by that time

Math.floor() solution:

Math.floor(Date.now() /1000);

Some nerdy alternative by Derek 朕會功夫 taken from the comments below this answer:

new Date/1e3|0

Polyfill to get Date.now() working:

To get it working in IE you could do this (Polyfill from MDN):

if (!Date.now) {
    Date.now = function now() {
        return new Date().getTime();
    };
}

If you do not care about the year / day of week / daylight saving time you could strip it away and use this after 2038:

var now = (function () {
    var year = new Date(new Date().getFullYear().toString()).getTime();
    return function () {
        return Date.now() - year
    }
})();

Some output of how it will look:

new Date()
Thu Oct 29 2015 08:46:30 GMT+0100 (Mitteleuropäische Zeit )
new Date(now())
Thu Oct 29 1970 09:46:30 GMT+0100 (Mitteleuropäische Zeit )

Of course it will break daylight saving time but depending on what you are building this might be useful to you if you need to do binary operations on timestamps after int32 will break in 2038.

This will also return negative values but only if the user of that PC you are running your code on is changing their PC's clock at least to 31th of december of the previous year.


If you just want to know the relative time from the point of when the code was run through first you could use something like this:

var relativeTime = (function () {
    var start = Date.now();
    return function () {
        return Date.now() - start
    }
})();

In case you are using jQuery you could use $.now() as described in jQuery's Docs which makes the polyfill obsolete since $.now() internally does the same thing: (new Date).getTime()

If you are just happy about jQuery's version consider upvoting this answer since I did not find it myself.


Now a tiny explaination of what |0 does:

By providing |, you tell the interpreter to do a binary OR operation. Bit operations require absolute numbers which turns the decimal result from Date.now() / 1000 into an integer.

During that conversion, decimals are removed, resulting in the same result as using Math.floor() but using less code.

Be warned though: it will convert a 64 bit double to a 32 bit integer. This will result in information loss when dealing with huge numbers. Timestamps will break after 2038 due to 32 bit integer overflow.


For further information about Date.now follow this link: Date.now() @ MDN


The Date.getTime() method can be used with a little tweak:

The value returned by the getTime method is the number of milliseconds since 1 January 1970 00:00:00 UTC.

Divide the result by 1000 to get the Unix timestamp, floor if necessary:

(new Date).getTime() / 1000

The Date.valueOf() method is functionally equivalent to Date.getTime(), which makes it possible to use arithmetic operators on date object to achieve identical results. In my opinion, this approach affects readability.



var time = Date.now || function() {
  return +new Date;
};

time();

more simpler way:

var timeStamp=event.timestamp || new Date().getTime();

Short & Snazzy:

+ new Date()

A unary operator like plus triggers the valueOf method in the Date object and it returns the timestamp (without any alteration).

Details:

On almost all current browsers you can use Date.now() to get the UTC timestamp in milliseconds; a notable exception to this is IE8 and earlier (see compatibility table).

You can easily make a shim for this, though:

if (!Date.now) {
    Date.now = function() { return new Date().getTime(); }
}

To get the timestamp in seconds, you can use:

Math.floor(Date.now() / 1000)

Or alternatively you could use:

Date.now() / 1000 | 0

Which should be slightly faster, but also less readable (also see this answer).

I would recommend using Date.now() (with compatibility shim). It's slightly better because it's shorter & doesn't create a new Date object. However, if you don't want a shim & maximum compatibility, you could use the "old" method to get the timestamp in milliseconds:

new Date().getTime()

Which you can then convert to seconds like this:

Math.round(new Date().getTime()/1000)

And you can also use the valueOf method which we showed above:

new Date().valueOf()

Timestamp in Milliseconds

var timeStampInMs = window.performance && window.performance.now && window.performance.timing && window.performance.timing.navigationStart ? window.performance.now() + window.performance.timing.navigationStart : Date.now();

console.log(timeStampInMs, Date.now());

This one has a solution : which converts unixtime stamp to tim in js try this

var a = new Date(UNIX_timestamp*1000);
var hour = a.getUTCHours();
var min = a.getUTCMinutes();
var sec = a.getUTCSeconds();


If want a basic way to generate a timestamp in Node.js this works well.

var time = process.hrtime();
var timestamp = Math.round( time[ 0 ] * 1e3 + time[ 1 ] / 1e6 );

Our team is using this to bust cache in a localhost environment. The output is /dist/css/global.css?v=245521377 where 245521377 is the timestamp generated by hrtime().

Hopefully this helps, the methods above can work as well but I found this to be the simplest approach for our needs in Node.js.


For a timestamp with microsecond resolution, there's performance.now:

function time() { 
  return performance.now() + performance.timing.navigationStart;
}

This could for example yield 1436140826653.139, while Date.now only gives 1436140826653.


Today - 2018.06.27 I provide some time comparison for pure js solutions. This can be useful for people who wanna get/measure time in JS in light/efficient way (eg. for real-time applications like simulations, games etc.)

Tested on MacOs High Sierra 10.13.3 on Chrome 67.0.3396.99 (64-bit), Safari 11.0.3 (13604.5.6), Firefox 59.0.2 (64-bit). On below screenshot I show you results for fastest browser (Safari):

As I observe the Date.now() was fastest method to get timestamp for all three browsers. Safari has 19.2M operations per second, Firefox 16.1M, Chrome 7.8M.

The new Date()*1 was slowest for Chrome (2.8M) and Firefox (2.6M). The Number(new Date()) was slowest for Safari (2.9M).

So the winner JS code is Date.now() and fastest browser is Safari (2x faster that chrome! ).

You can perform test on your machine here: https://jsperf.com/timestamp-test-x.


You can only use

    var timestamp = new Date().getTime();
    console.log(timestamp);

to get the current timestamp. No need to do anything extra.


One I haven't seen yet

Math.floor(Date.now() / 1000); // current time in seconds

Another one I haven't seen yet is

var _ = require('lodash'); // from here https://lodash.com/docs#now
_.now();

I highly recommend using moment.js. To get the number of milliseconds since UNIX epoch, do

moment().valueOf()

To get the number of seconds since UNIX epoch, do

moment().unix()

You can also convert times like so:

moment('2015-07-12 14:59:23', 'YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss').valueOf()

I do that all the time. No pun intended.

To use moment.js in the browser:

<script src="moment.js"></script>
<script>
    moment().valueOf();
</script>

For more details, including other ways of installing and using MomentJS, see their docs


Any browsers not supported Date.now, you can use this for get current date time:

currentTime = Date.now() || +new Date()

Just to add up, here's a function to return a timestamp string in Javascript. Example: 15:06:38 PM

function displayTime() {
    var str = "";

    var currentTime = new Date()
    var hours = currentTime.getHours()
    var minutes = currentTime.getMinutes()
    var seconds = currentTime.getSeconds()

    if (minutes < 10) {
        minutes = "0" + minutes
    }
    if (seconds < 10) {
        seconds = "0" + seconds
    }
    str += hours + ":" + minutes + ":" + seconds + " ";
    if(hours > 11){
        str += "PM"
    } else {
        str += "AM"
    }
    return str;
}

For lodash and underscore users, use _.now.

var timestamp = _.now(); // in milliseconds

Here is a simple function to generate timestamp in the format: mm/dd/yy hh:mi:ss

function getTimeStamp() {
    var now = new Date();
    return ((now.getMonth() + 1) + '/' +
            (now.getDate()) + '/' +
             now.getFullYear() + " " +
             now.getHours() + ':' +
             ((now.getMinutes() < 10)
                 ? ("0" + now.getMinutes())
                 : (now.getMinutes())) + ':' +
             ((now.getSeconds() < 10)
                 ? ("0" + now.getSeconds())
                 : (now.getSeconds())));
}

The code Math.floor(new Date().getTime() / 1000) can be shortened to new Date / 1E3 | 0.

Consider to skip direct getTime() invocation and use | 0 as a replacement for Math.floor() function. It's also good to remember 1E3 is a shorter equivalent for 1000 (uppercase E is preferred than lowercase to indicate 1E3 as a constant).

As a result you get the following:

var ts = new Date / 1E3 | 0;

console.log(ts);

As of writing this, the top answer is 9 years old, and a lot has changed since then - not least, we have near universal support for a non-hacky solution:

Date.now()

If you want to be absolutely certain that this won't break in some ancient (pre ie9) browser, you can put it behind a check, like so:

const currentTimestamp = (!Date.now ? +new Date() : Date.now());

This will return the milliseconds since epoch time, of course, not seconds.

MDN Documentation on Date.now





unix-timestamp