c++ variable Binding a const function reference to a lambda




std::function member function (2)

This code

int(&foo)(int, int) = [](int a, int b) { return a + b; };

doesn't compile since apparently a non-const reference can't be initialized with a temporary. Where do I put the const ?


As mentioned already, a capture-less lambda is convertible to a function pointer. So if you want to bind that static function to a reference, you need to dereference the pointer.

int(&foo)(int, int) = *[](int a, int b) { return a + b; };

Applying * to the lambda causes a bunch of machinery to kick in. Since the lambda doesn't overload operator* , but does implement a conversion to a pointer type, that conversion happens. Afterwards * is applied to the returned pointer and that yields a function lvalue. That lvalue can then bind to the reference.

Here it is live .


A lambda can only be converted to a function pointer if it does not capture.

The closure type for a lambda-expression with no lambda-capture has a public non-virtual non-explicit const conversion function to pointer to function having the same parameter and return types as the closure type’s function call operator. The value returned by this conversion function shall be the address of a function that, when invoked, has the same effect as invoking the closure type’s function call operator

[Lambda Functions][1]

I changed your code as below and it worked.

int (*foo)(int, int)= [] (int a, int b) { return a + b; };
int main()
{
   cout << "Res:: " << foo(10,20);
   return 0;
}

I just make it function pointer.

Alternatively,

auto foo = [](int a, int b) { return a + b; }; 

is also a good choice.

I hope it helps!





lambda