script - bash show full path of current directory




bash/fish command to print absolute path to a file (12)

Question: is there a simple sh/bash/zsh/fish/... command to print the absolute path of whichever file I feed it?

Usage case: I'm in directory /a/b and I'd like to print the full path to file c on the command-line so that I can easily paste it into another program: /a/b/c. Simple, yet a little program to do this could probably save me 5 or so seconds when it comes to handling long paths, which in the end adds up. So it surprises me that I can't find a standard utility to do this — is there really none?

Here's a sample implementation, abspath.py:

#!/usr/bin/python
# Author: Diggory Hardy <[email protected]>
# Licence: public domain
# Purpose: print the absolute path of all input paths

import sys
import os.path
if len(sys.argv)>1:
    for i in range(1,len(sys.argv)):
        print os.path.abspath( sys.argv[i] )
    sys.exit(0)
else:
    print >> sys.stderr, "Usage: ",sys.argv[0]," PATH."
    sys.exit(1)

An alternative to get the absolute path in Ruby:

realpath() {ruby -e "require 'Pathname'; puts Pathname.new('$1').realpath.to_s";}

Works with no arguments (current folder) and relative and absolute file or folder path as agument.


For directories dirname gets tripped for ../ and returns ./.

nolan6000's function can be modified to fix that:

get_abs_filename() {
  # $1 : relative filename
  if [ -d "${1%/*}" ]; then
    echo "$(cd ${1%/*}; pwd)/${1##*/}"
  fi
}

Here's a zsh-only function that I like for its compactness. It uses the ‘A’ expansion modifier — see zshexpn(1).

realpath() { for f in "[email protected]"; do echo ${f}(:A); done }

Hey guys I know it's an old thread but I am just posting this for reference to anybody else who visited this like me. If i understood the question correctly, I think the locate $filename command. It displays the absolute path of the file supplied, but only if it exists.


If you don't have readlink or realpath utilities than you can use following function which works in bash and zsh (not sure about the rest).

abspath () { case "$1" in /*)printf "%s\n" "$1";; *)printf "%s\n" "$PWD/$1";; esac; }

This also works for nonexistent files (as does the python function os.path.abspath).

Unfortunately abspath ./../somefile doesn't get rid of the dots.


The dogbane answer with the description what is coming on:

#! /bin/sh
echo "$(cd "$(dirname "$1")"; pwd)/$(basename "$1")"

Explanation:

  1. This script get relative path as argument "$1"
  2. Then we get dirname part of that path (you can pass either dir or file to this script): dirname "$1"
  3. Then we cd "$(dirname "$1") into this relative dir and get absolute path for it by running pwd shell command
  4. After that we append basename to absolute path: $(basename "$1")
  5. As final step we echo it

There is generally no such thing as the absolute path to a file (this statement means that there may be more than one in general, hence the use of the definite article the is not appropriate). An absolute path is any path that start from the root "/" and designates a file without ambiguity independently of the working directory.(see for example wikipedia).

A relative path is a path that is to be interpreted starting from another directory. It may be the working directory if it is a relative path being manipulated by an application (though not necessarily). When it is in a symbolic link in a directory, it is generally intended to be relative to that directory (though the user may have other uses in mind).

Hence an absolute path is just a path relative to the root directory.

A path (absolute or relative) may or may not contain symbolic links. If it does not, it is also somewhat impervious to changes in the linking structure, but this is not necessarily required or even desirable. Some people call canonical path ( or canonical file name or resolved path) an absolute path in which all symbolic links have been resolved, i.e. have been replaced by a path to whetever they link to. The commands realpath and readlink both look for a canonical path, but only realpath has an option for getting an absolute path without bothering to resolve symbolic links (along with several other options to get various kind of paths, absolute or relative to some directory).

This calls for several remarks:

  1. symbolic links can only be resolved if whatever they are supposed to link to is already created, which is obviously not always the case. The commands realpath and readlink have options to account for that.
  2. a directory on a path can later become a symbolic link, which means that the path is no longer canonical. Hence the concept is time (or environment) dependent.
  3. even in the ideal case, when all symbolic links can be resolved, there may still be more than one canonical path to a file, for two reasons:
    • the partition containing the file may have been mounted simultaneously (ro) on several mount points.
    • there may be hard links to the file, meaning essentially the the file exists in several different directories.

Hence, even with the much more restrictive definition of canonical path, there may be several canonical paths to a file. This also means that the qualifier canonical is somewhat inadequate since it usually implies a notion of uniqueness.

This expands a brief discussion of the topic in an answer to another similar question at Bash: retrieve absolute path given relative

My conclusion is that realpath is better designed and much more flexible than readlink. The only use of readlink that is not covered by realpath is the call without option returning the value of a symbolic link.


This is not an answer to the question, but for those who does scripting:

echo `cd "$1" 2>/dev/null&&pwd||(cd "$(dirname "$1")";pwd|sed "s|/*\$|/${1##*/}|")`

it handles / .. ./ etc correctly. I also seems to work on OSX


Try readlink which will resolve symbolic links:

readlink -e /foo/bar/baz

Try realpath.

$ realpath example.txt
/home/username/example.txt

#! /bin/sh
echo "$(cd "$(dirname "$1")"; pwd -P)/$(basename "$1")"

$ readlink -m FILE
/path/to/FILE

This is better than readlink -e FILE or realpath, because it works even if the file doesn't exist.





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