google-chrome-extension get - Chrome extension:accessing localStorage in content script




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So, I have an options page where the user can define certain options and it saves it in localStorage: options.html

Now, I also have a content script that needs to get the options that were defined in the options.html page, but when I try to access localStorage from content script, it doesn't return the value from options page.

How do I make my content script get values from localStorage, from options page or even the background page?


Answers

Sometimes it may be better to use chrome.storage API. It's better then localStorage because you can:

  • store information from your content script without the need for message passing between content script and extension;
  • store your data as JavaScript objects without serializing them to JSON (localStorage only stores strings).

Here's a simple code demonstrating the use of chrome.storage. Content script gets the url of visited page and timestamp and stores it, popup.js gets it from storage area.

content_script.js

(function () {
    var visited = window.location.href;
    var time = +new Date();
    chrome.storage.sync.set({'visitedPages':{pageUrl:visited,time:time}}, function () {
        console.log("Just visited",visited)
    });
})();

popup.js

(function () {
    chrome.storage.onChanged.addListener(function (changes,areaName) {
        console.log("New item in storage",changes.visitedPages.newValue);
    })
})();

"Changes" here is an object that contains old and new value for a given key. "AreaName" argument refers to name of storage area, either 'local', 'sync' or 'managed'.

Remember to declare storage permission in manifest.json.

manifest.json

...
"permissions": [
    "storage"
 ],
...


Update 2016:

Google Chrome released the storage API: http://developer.chrome.com/extensions/storage.html

It is pretty easy to use like the other Chrome APIs and you can use it from any page context within Chrome.

    // Save it using the Chrome extension storage API.
    chrome.storage.sync.set({'foo': 'hello', 'bar': 'hi'}, function() {
      console.log('Settings saved');
    });

    // Read it using the storage API
    chrome.storage.sync.get(['foo', 'bar'], function(items) {
      message('Settings retrieved', items);
    });

To use it, make sure you define it in the manifest:

    "permissions": [
      "storage"
    ],

There are methods to "remove", "clear", "getBytesInUse", and an event listener to listen for changed storage "onChanged"

Using native localStorage (old reply from 2011)

Content scripts run in the context of webpages, not extension pages. Therefore, if you're accessing localStorage from your contentscript, it will be the storage from that webpage, not the extension page storage.

Now, to let your content script to read your extension storage (where you set them from your options page), you need to use extension message passing.

The first thing you do is tell your content script to send a request to your extension to fetch some data, and that data can be your extension localStorage:

contentscript.js

chrome.runtime.sendMessage({method: "getStatus"}, function(response) {
  console.log(response.status);
});

background.js

chrome.runtime.onMessage.addListener(function(request, sender, sendResponse) {
    if (request.method == "getStatus")
      sendResponse({status: localStorage['status']});
    else
      sendResponse({}); // snub them.
});

You can do an API around that to get generic localStorage data to your content script, or perhaps, get the whole localStorage array.

I hope that helped solve your problem.

To be fancy and generic ...

contentscript.js

chrome.runtime.sendMessage({method: "getLocalStorage", key: "status"}, function(response) {
  console.log(response.data);
});

background.js

chrome.runtime.onMessage.addListener(function(request, sender, sendResponse) {
    if (request.method == "getLocalStorage")
      sendResponse({data: localStorage[request.key]});
    else
      sendResponse({}); // snub them.
});

localStorage.clear();

or

window.localStorage.clear();

to clear particular item

window.localStorage.removeItem("item_name");

To remove particular value by id :

var item_detail = JSON.parse(localStorage.getItem("key_name")) || [];           
            $.each(item_detail, function(index, obj){
                if (key_id == data('key')) {
                    item_detail.splice(index,1);
                    localStorage["key_name"] = JSON.stringify(item_detail);
                    return false;
                }
            });




google-chrome-extension local-storage content-script