c# get - How to make HTTP POST web request




with parameters (9)

How can I make an HTTP request and send some data using the POST method? I can do GET request but have no idea how to make a POST.


Answers

You can use IEnterprise.Easy-HTTP since it has built in class parsing and query building:

await new RequestBuilder<ExampleObject>()
.SetHost("https://httpbin.org")
.SetContentType(ContentType.Application_Json)
.SetType(RequestType.Post)
.SetModelToSerialize(dto)
.Build()
.Execute();

I'm the author of the library so feel free to ask questions or check the code in github


If you like fluent API you can use Tiny.RestClient it's available at Nuget

var client = new TinyRestClient(new HttpClient(), "http://MyAPI.com/api");
// POST
 var city = new City() { Name = "Paris" , Country = "France"};
// With content
var response = await client.PostRequest("City", city).
                ExecuteAsync<bool>();

Hope that helps!


You need to use the WebRequest class and the GetRequestStream method.

Here is an example.


There are some really good answers on here. Let me post a different way to set your headers with the WebClient(). I will also show you how to set an API key.

        var client = new WebClient();
        string credentials = Convert.ToBase64String(Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(userName + ":" + passWord));
        client.Headers[HttpRequestHeader.Authorization] = $"Basic {credentials}";
        //If you have your data stored in an object serialize it into json to pass to the webclient with Newtonsoft's JsonConvert
        var encodedJson = JsonConvert.SerializeObject(newAccount);

        client.Headers.Add($"x-api-key:{ApiKey}");
        client.Headers.Add("Content-Type:application/json");
        try
        {
            var response = client.UploadString($"{apiurl}", encodedJson);
            //if you have a model to deserialize the json into Newtonsoft will help bind the data to the model, this is an extremely useful trick for GET calls when you have a lot of data, you can strongly type a model and dump it into an instance of that class.
            Response response1 = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<Response>(response);

Simple GET request

using System.Net;

...

using (var wb = new WebClient())
{
    var response = wb.DownloadString(url);
}

Simple POST request

using System.Net;
using System.Collections.Specialized;

...

using (var wb = new WebClient())
{
    var data = new NameValueCollection();
    data["username"] = "myUser";
    data["password"] = "myPassword";

    var response = wb.UploadValues(url, "POST", data);
    string responseInString = Encoding.UTF8.GetString(response);
}

MSDN has a sample.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Net;
using System.Text;

namespace Examples.System.Net
{
    public class WebRequestPostExample
    {
        public static void Main()
        {
            // Create a request using a URL that can receive a post. 
            WebRequest request = WebRequest.Create("http://www.contoso.com/PostAccepter.aspx");
            // Set the Method property of the request to POST.
            request.Method = "POST";
            // Create POST data and convert it to a byte array.
            string postData = "This is a test that posts this string to a Web server.";
            byte[] byteArray = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(postData);
            // Set the ContentType property of the WebRequest.
            request.ContentType = "application/x-www-form-urlencoded";
            // Set the ContentLength property of the WebRequest.
            request.ContentLength = byteArray.Length;
            // Get the request stream.
            Stream dataStream = request.GetRequestStream();
            // Write the data to the request stream.
            dataStream.Write(byteArray, 0, byteArray.Length);
            // Close the Stream object.
            dataStream.Close();
            // Get the response.
            WebResponse response = request.GetResponse();
            // Display the status.
            Console.WriteLine(((HttpWebResponse)response).StatusDescription);
            // Get the stream containing content returned by the server.
            dataStream = response.GetResponseStream();
            // Open the stream using a StreamReader for easy access.
            StreamReader reader = new StreamReader(dataStream);
            // Read the content.
            string responseFromServer = reader.ReadToEnd();
            // Display the content.
            Console.WriteLine(responseFromServer);
            // Clean up the streams.
            reader.Close();
            dataStream.Close();
            response.Close();
        }
    }
}

There are several ways to perform HTTP GET and POST requests:


Method A: HttpClient

Available in: .NET Framework 4.5+, .NET Standard 1.1+, .NET Core 1.0+

Currently the preferred approach. Asynchronous. Portable version for other platforms available via NuGet.

using System.Net.Http;

Setup

It is recommended to instantiate one HttpClient for your application's lifetime and share it.

private static readonly HttpClient client = new HttpClient();

POST

var values = new Dictionary<string, string>
{
   { "thing1", "hello" },
   { "thing2", "world" }
};

var content = new FormUrlEncodedContent(values);

var response = await client.PostAsync("http://www.example.com/recepticle.aspx", content);

var responseString = await response.Content.ReadAsStringAsync();

GET

var responseString = await client.GetStringAsync("http://www.example.com/recepticle.aspx");

Method B: 3rd-Party Libraries

RestSharp

Tried and tested library for interacting with REST APIs. Portable. Available via NuGet.

Flurl.Http

Newer library sporting a fluent API and testing helpers. HttpClient under the hood. Portable. Available via NuGet.

using Flurl.Http;

POST

var responseString = await "http://www.example.com/recepticle.aspx"
    .PostUrlEncodedAsync(new { thing1 = "hello", thing2 = "world" })
    .ReceiveString();

GET

var responseString = await "http://www.example.com/recepticle.aspx"
    .GetStringAsync();

Method C: Legacy

Available in: .NET Framework 1.1+, .NET Standard 2.0+, .NET Core 1.0+

using System.Net;
using System.Text;  // for class Encoding
using System.IO;    // for StreamReader

POST

var request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create("http://www.example.com/recepticle.aspx");

var postData = "thing1=hello";
    postData += "&thing2=world";
var data = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(postData);

request.Method = "POST";
request.ContentType = "application/x-www-form-urlencoded";
request.ContentLength = data.Length;

using (var stream = request.GetRequestStream())
{
    stream.Write(data, 0, data.Length);
}

var response = (HttpWebResponse)request.GetResponse();

var responseString = new StreamReader(response.GetResponseStream()).ReadToEnd();

GET

var request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create("http://www.example.com/recepticle.aspx");

var response = (HttpWebResponse)request.GetResponse();

var responseString = new StreamReader(response.GetResponseStream()).ReadToEnd();

Method D: WebClient (Also now legacy)

Available in: .NET Framework 1.1+, .NET Standard 2.0+, .NET Core 2.0+

using System.Net;
using System.Collections.Specialized;

POST

using (var client = new WebClient())
{
    var values = new NameValueCollection();
    values["thing1"] = "hello";
    values["thing2"] = "world";

    var response = client.UploadValues("http://www.example.com/recepticle.aspx", values);

    var responseString = Encoding.Default.GetString(response);
}

GET

using (var client = new WebClient())
{
    var responseString = client.DownloadString("http://www.example.com/recepticle.aspx");
}

This is a complete working example of sending/receiving data in JSON format, I used VS2013 Express Edition

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.OleDb;
using System.IO;
using System.Linq;
using System.Net.Http;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using System.Web.Script.Serialization;

namespace ConsoleApplication1
{
    class Customer
    {
        public string Name { get; set; }
        public string Address { get; set; }
        public string Phone { get; set; }
    }

    public class Program
    {
        private static readonly HttpClient _Client = new HttpClient();
        private static JavaScriptSerializer _Serializer = new JavaScriptSerializer();

        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            Run().Wait();
        }

        static async Task Run()
        {
            string url = "http://www.example.com/api/Customer";
            Customer cust = new Customer() { Name = "Example Customer", Address = "Some example address", Phone = "Some phone number" };
            var json = _Serializer.Serialize(cust);
            var response = await Request(HttpMethod.Post, url, json, new Dictionary<string, string>());
            string responseText = await response.Content.ReadAsStringAsync();

            List<YourCustomClassModel> serializedResult = _Serializer.Deserialize<List<YourCustomClassModel>>(responseText);

            Console.WriteLine(responseText);
            Console.ReadLine();
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Makes an async HTTP Request
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="pMethod">Those methods you know: GET, POST, HEAD, etc...</param>
        /// <param name="pUrl">Very predictable...</param>
        /// <param name="pJsonContent">String data to POST on the server</param>
        /// <param name="pHeaders">If you use some kind of Authorization you should use this</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        static async Task<HttpResponseMessage> Request(HttpMethod pMethod, string pUrl, string pJsonContent, Dictionary<string, string> pHeaders)
        {
            var httpRequestMessage = new HttpRequestMessage();
            httpRequestMessage.Method = pMethod;
            httpRequestMessage.RequestUri = new Uri(pUrl);
            foreach (var head in pHeaders)
            {
                httpRequestMessage.Headers.Add(head.Key, head.Value);
            }
            switch (pMethod.Method)
            {
                case "POST":
                    HttpContent httpContent = new StringContent(pJsonContent, Encoding.UTF8, "application/json");
                    httpRequestMessage.Content = httpContent;
                    break;

            }

            return await _Client.SendAsync(httpRequestMessage);
        }
    }
}

public void PrintAllSuits()
{
    foreach(string suit in Enum.GetNames(typeof(Suits)))
    {
        Console.WriteLine(suit);
    }
}




c# .net post httpwebrequest httprequest