javascript - with - show image preview before upload using jquery




Preview an image before it is uploaded (12)

I want to be able to preview a file (image) before it is uploaded. The preview action should be executed all in the browser without using Ajax to upload the image.

How can I do this?


Clean and simple JSfiddle

This will be useful when you want The event to triggered indirectly from a div or a button.

<img id="image-preview"  style="height:100px; width:100px;"  src="" >

<input style="display:none" id="input-image-hidden" onchange="document.getElementById('image-preview').src = window.URL.createObjectURL(this.files[0])" type="file" accept="image/jpeg, image/png">

<button  onclick="HandleBrowseClick('input-image-hidden');" >UPLOAD IMAGE</button>


<script type="text/javascript">
function HandleBrowseClick(hidden_input_image)
{
    var fileinputElement = document.getElementById(hidden_input_image);
    fileinputElement.click();
}     
</script>

Example with multiple images using JavaScript (jQuery) and HTML5

JavaScript (jQuery)

function readURL(input) {
     for(var i =0; i< input.files.length; i++){
         if (input.files[i]) {
            var reader = new FileReader();

            reader.onload = function (e) {
               var img = $('<img id="dynamic">');
               img.attr('src', e.target.result);
               img.appendTo('#form1');  
            }
            reader.readAsDataURL(input.files[i]);
           }
        }
    }

    $("#imgUpload").change(function(){
        readURL(this);
    });
}

Markup (HTML)

<form id="form1" runat="server">
    <input type="file" id="imgUpload" multiple/>
</form>

For Multiple image upload (Modification to the @IvanBaev's Solution)

function readURL(input) {
    if (input.files && input.files[0]) {
        var i;
        for (i = 0; i < input.files.length; ++i) {
          var reader = new FileReader();
          reader.onload = function (e) {
              $('#form1').append('<img src="'+e.target.result+'">');
          }
          reader.readAsDataURL(input.files[i]);
        }
    }
}

http://jsfiddle.net/LvsYc/12330/

Hope this helps someone.


Here's a multiple files version, based on Ivan Baev's answer.

The HTML

<input type="file" multiple id="gallery-photo-add">
<div class="gallery"></div>

JavaScript / jQuery

$(function() {
    // Multiple images preview in browser
    var imagesPreview = function(input, placeToInsertImagePreview) {

        if (input.files) {
            var filesAmount = input.files.length;

            for (i = 0; i < filesAmount; i++) {
                var reader = new FileReader();

                reader.onload = function(event) {
                    $($.parseHTML('<img>')).attr('src', event.target.result).appendTo(placeToInsertImagePreview);
                }

                reader.readAsDataURL(input.files[i]);
            }
        }

    };

    $('#gallery-photo-add').on('change', function() {
        imagesPreview(this, 'div.gallery');
    });
});

Requires jQuery 1.8 due to the usage of $.parseHTML, which should help with XSS mitigation.

This will work out of the box, and the only dependancy you need is jQuery.


I have edited @Ivan's answer to display "No Preview Available" image, if it is not an image:

function readURL(input) {
    var url = input.value;
    var ext = url.substring(url.lastIndexOf('.') + 1).toLowerCase();
    if (input.files && input.files[0]&& (ext == "gif" || ext == "png" || ext == "jpeg" || ext == "jpg")) {
        var reader = new FileReader();

        reader.onload = function (e) {
            $('.imagepreview').attr('src', e.target.result);
        }

        reader.readAsDataURL(input.files[0]);
    }else{
         $('.imagepreview').attr('src', '/assets/no_preview.png');
    }
}

I have made a plugin which can generate the preview effect in IE 7+ thanks to the internet, but has few limitations. I put it into a github page so that its easier to get it

$(function () {
		$("input[name=file1]").previewimage({
			div: ".preview",
			imgwidth: 180,
			imgheight: 120
		});
		$("input[name=file2]").previewimage({
			div: ".preview2",
			imgwidth: 90,
			imgheight: 90
		});
	});
.preview > div {
  display: inline-block;
  text-align:center;
}

.preview2 > div {
  display: inline-block; 
  text-align:center;
}
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.11.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://rawgit.com/andrewng330/PreviewImage/master/preview.image.min.js"></script>
	Preview
	<div class="preview"></div>
	Preview2
	<div class="preview2"></div>

	<form action="#" method="POST" enctype="multipart/form-data">
		<input type="file" name="file1">
		<input type="file" name="file2">
		<input type="submit">
	</form>

One-liner solution:

The following code uses object URLs, which is much more efficient than data URL for viewing large images (A data URL is a huge string containing all of the file data, whereas an object URL, is just a short string referencing the file data in-memory):

<img id="blah" alt="your image" width="100" height="100" />

<input type="file" 
    onchange="document.getElementById('blah').src = window.URL.createObjectURL(this.files[0])">

Generated URL will be like:

blob:http%3A//localhost/7514bc74-65d4-4cf0-a0df-3de016824345

Please take a look at the sample code below:

function readURL(input) {

  if (input.files && input.files[0]) {
    var reader = new FileReader();

    reader.onload = function(e) {
      $('#blah').attr('src', e.target.result);
    }

    reader.readAsDataURL(input.files[0]);
  }
}

$("#imgInp").change(function() {
  readURL(this);
});
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <input type='file' id="imgInp" />
  <img id="blah" src="#" alt="your image" />
</form>

Also, you can try this sample here.


There are a couple ways you can do this. The most efficient way would be to use URL.createObjectURL() on the File from your <input>. Pass this URL to img.src to tell the browser to load the provided image.

Here's an example:

<input type="file" accept="image/*" onchange="loadFile(event)">
<img id="output"/>
<script>
  var loadFile = function(event) {
    var output = document.getElementById('output');
    output.src = URL.createObjectURL(event.target.files[0]);
  };
</script>

You can also use FileReader.readAsDataURL() to parse the file from your <input>. This will create a string in memory containing a base64 representation of the image.

<input type="file" accept="image/*" onchange="loadFile(event)">
<img id="output"/>
<script>
  var loadFile = function(event) {
    var reader = new FileReader();
    reader.onload = function(){
      var output = document.getElementById('output');
      output.src = reader.result;
    };
    reader.readAsDataURL(event.target.files[0]);
  };
</script>

Try this

window.onload = function() {
  if (window.File && window.FileList && window.FileReader) {
    var filesInput = document.getElementById("uploadImage");
    filesInput.addEventListener("change", function(event) {
      var files = event.target.files;
      var output = document.getElementById("result");
      for (var i = 0; i < files.length; i++) {
        var file = files[i];
        if (!file.type.match('image'))
          continue;
        var picReader = new FileReader();
        picReader.addEventListener("load", function(event) {
          var picFile = event.target;
          var div = document.createElement("div");
          div.innerHTML = "<img class='thumbnail' src='" + picFile.result + "'" +
            "title='" + picFile.name + "'/>";
          output.insertBefore(div, null);
        });        
        picReader.readAsDataURL(file);
      }

    });
  }
}
<input type="file" id="uploadImage" name="termek_file" class="file_input" multiple/>
<div id="result" class="uploadPreview">

Yes. It is possible.

Html

<input type="file" accept="image/*"  onchange="showMyImage(this)" />
 <br/>
<img id="thumbnil" style="width:20%; margin-top:10px;"  src="" alt="image"/>

JS

 function showMyImage(fileInput) {
        var files = fileInput.files;
        for (var i = 0; i < files.length; i++) {           
            var file = files[i];
            var imageType = /image.*/;     
            if (!file.type.match(imageType)) {
                continue;
            }           
            var img=document.getElementById("thumbnil");            
            img.file = file;    
            var reader = new FileReader();
            reader.onload = (function(aImg) { 
                return function(e) { 
                    aImg.src = e.target.result; 
                }; 
            })(img);
            reader.readAsDataURL(file);
        }    
    }

You can get Live Demo from here.


for my app, with encryped GET url parameters, only this worked. I always got a TypeError: $(...) is null. Taken from https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/FileReader/readAsDataURL

function previewFile() {
  var preview = document.querySelector('img');
  var file    = document.querySelector('input[type=file]').files[0];
  var reader  = new FileReader();

  reader.addEventListener("load", function () {
    preview.src = reader.result;
  }, false);

  if (file) {
    reader.readAsDataURL(file);
  }
}
<input type="file" onchange="previewFile()"><br>
<img src="" height="200" alt="Image preview...">




file-upload