read - python write to text file
How do you append to a file? (5)
Here's my script, which basically counts the number of lines, then appends, then counts them again so you have evidence it worked.
shortPath = "../file_to_be_appended" short = open(shortPath, 'r') ## this counts how many line are originally in the file: long_path = "../file_to_be_appended_to" long = open(long_path, 'r') for i,l in enumerate(long): pass print "%s has %i lines initially" %(long_path,i) long.close() long = open(long_path, 'a') ## now open long file to append l = True ## will be a line c = 0 ## count the number of lines you write while l: try: l = short.next() ## when you run out of lines, this breaks and the except statement is run c += 1 long.write(l) except: l = None long.close() print "Done!, wrote %s lines" %c ## finally, count how many lines are left. long = open(long_path, 'r') for i,l in enumerate(long): pass print "%s has %i lines after appending new lines" %(long_path, i) long.close()
How do you append to the file instead of overwriting it? Is there a special function that appends to the file?
I always do this,
f = open('filename.txt', 'a') f.write("stuff") f.close()
It's simple, but very useful.
You need to open the file in append mode, by setting "a" or "ab" as the mode. See open().
When you open with "a" mode, the write position will always be at the end of the file (an append). You can open with "a+" to allow reading, seek backwards and read (but all writes will still be at the end of the file!).
>>> with open('test1','wb') as f: f.write('test') >>> with open('test1','ab') as f: f.write('koko') >>> with open('test1','rb') as f: f.read() 'testkoko'
Note: Using 'a' is not the same as opening with 'w' and seeking to the end of the file - consider what might happen if another program opened the file and started writing between the seek and the write. On some operating systems, opening the file with 'a' guarantees that all your following writes will be appended atomically to the end of the file (even as the file grows by other writes).
A few more details about how the "a" mode operates (tested on Linux only). Even if you seek back, every write will append to the end of the file:
>>> f = open('test','a+') # Not using 'with' just to simplify the example REPL session >>> f.write('hi') >>> f.seek(0) >>> f.read() 'hi' >>> f.seek(0) >>> f.write('bye') # Will still append despite the seek(0)! >>> f.seek(0) >>> f.read() 'hibye'
In fact, the
fopen manpage states:
Opening a file in append mode (a as the first character of mode) causes all subsequent write operations to this stream to occur at end-of-file, as if preceded the call:
fseek(stream, 0, SEEK_END);
Old simplified answer (not using
Example: (in a real program use
with to close the file - see the documentation)
>>> open("test","wb").write("test") >>> open("test","a+b").write("koko") >>> open("test","rb").read() 'testkoko'
You probably want to pass
"a" as the mode argument. See the docs for open().
with open("foo", "a") as f: f.write("cool beans...")
There are other permutations of the mode argument for updating (+), truncating (w) and binary (b) mode but starting with just
"a" is your best bet.
with open("test.txt", "a") as myfile: myfile.write("appended text")