yyyy - java date format example

Change date format in a Java string (11)

Formatting are CASE-SENSITIVE so USE MM for month not mm (this is for minute) and yyyy For Reference you can use following cheatsheet.

G   Era designator  Text    AD
y   Year    Year    1996; 96
Y   Week year   Year    2009; 09
M   Month in year   Month   July; Jul; 07
w   Week in year    Number  27
W   Week in month   Number  2
D   Day in year Number  189
d   Day in month    Number  10
F   Day of week in month    Number  2
E   Day name in week    Text    Tuesday; Tue
u   Day number of week (1 = Monday, ..., 7 = Sunday)    Number  1
a   Am/pm marker    Text    PM
H   Hour in day (0-23)  Number  0
k   Hour in day (1-24)  Number  24
K   Hour in am/pm (0-11)    Number  0
h   Hour in am/pm (1-12)    Number  12
m   Minute in hour  Number  30
s   Second in minute    Number  55
S   Millisecond Number  978
z   Time zone   General time zone   Pacific Standard Time; PST; GMT-08:00
Z   Time zone   RFC 822 time zone   -0800
X   Time zone   ISO 8601 time zone  -08; -0800; -08:00


"yyyy.MM.dd G 'at' HH:mm:ss z"  2001.07.04 AD at 12:08:56 PDT
"EEE, MMM d, ''yy"  Wed, Jul 4, '01
"h:mm a"    12:08 PM
"hh 'o''clock' a, zzzz" 12 o'clock PM, Pacific Daylight Time
"K:mm a, z" 0:08 PM, PDT
"yyyyy.MMMMM.dd GGG hh:mm aaa"  02001.July.04 AD 12:08 PM
"EEE, d MMM yyyy HH:mm:ss Z"    Wed, 4 Jul 2001 12:08:56 -0700
"yyMMddHHmmssZ" 010704120856-0700
"yyyy-MM-dd'T'HH:mm:ss.SSS'Z'"   2001-07-04T12:08:56.235-0700
"yyyy-MM-dd'T'HH:mm:ss.SSSXXX"   2001-07-04T12:08:56.235-07:00
"YYYY-'W'ww-u"  2001-W27-3

I've a String representing a date.

String date_s = "2011-01-18 00:00:00.0";

I'd like to convert it to a Date and output it in YYYY-MM-DD format.


How can I achieve this?

Okay, based on the answers I retrieved below, here's something I've tried:

String date_s = " 2011-01-18 00:00:00.0"; 
SimpleDateFormat dt = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss"); 
Date date = dt.parse(date_s); 
SimpleDateFormat dt1 = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyyy-mm-dd");

But it outputs 02011-00-1 instead of the desired 2011-01-18. What am I doing wrong?

Other answers are correct, basically you had the wrong number of "y" characters in your pattern.

Time Zone

One more problem though… You did not address time zones. If you intended UTC, then you should have said so. If not, the answers are not complete. If all you want is the date portion without the time, then no issue. But if you do further work that may involve time, then you should be specifying a time zone.


Here is the same kind of code but using the third-party open-source Joda-Time 2.3 library

// © 2013 Basil Bourque. This source code may be used freely forever by anyone taking full responsibility for doing so.

String date_s = "2011-01-18 00:00:00.0";

org.joda.time.format.DateTimeFormatter formatter = org.joda.time.format.DateTimeFormat.forPattern( "yyyy-MM-dd' 'HH:mm:ss.SSS" );
// By the way, if your date-time string conformed strictly to ISO 8601 including a 'T' rather than a SPACE ' ', you could
// use a formatter built into Joda-Time rather than specify your own: ISODateTimeFormat.dateHourMinuteSecondFraction().
// Like this:
//org.joda.time.DateTime dateTimeInUTC = org.joda.time.format.ISODateTimeFormat.dateHourMinuteSecondFraction().withZoneUTC().parseDateTime( date_s );

// Assuming the date-time string was meant to be in UTC (no time zone offset).
org.joda.time.DateTime dateTimeInUTC = formatter.withZoneUTC().parseDateTime( date_s );
System.out.println( "dateTimeInUTC: " + dateTimeInUTC );
System.out.println( "dateTimeInUTC (date only): " + org.joda.time.format.ISODateTimeFormat.date().print( dateTimeInUTC ) );
System.out.println( "" ); // blank line.

// Assuming the date-time string was meant to be in Kolkata time zone (formerly known as Calcutta). Offset is +5:30 from UTC (note the half-hour).
org.joda.time.DateTimeZone kolkataTimeZone = org.joda.time.DateTimeZone.forID( "Asia/Kolkata" );
org.joda.time.DateTime dateTimeInKolkata = formatter.withZone( kolkataTimeZone ).parseDateTime( date_s );
System.out.println( "dateTimeInKolkata: " + dateTimeInKolkata );
System.out.println( "dateTimeInKolkata (date only): " + org.joda.time.format.ISODateTimeFormat.date().print( dateTimeInKolkata ) );
// This date-time in Kolkata is a different point in the time line of the Universe than the dateTimeInUTC instance created above. The date is even different.
System.out.println( "dateTimeInKolkata adjusted to UTC: " + dateTimeInKolkata.toDateTime( org.joda.time.DateTimeZone.UTC ) );

When run…

dateTimeInUTC: 2011-01-18T00:00:00.000Z
dateTimeInUTC (date only): 2011-01-18

dateTimeInKolkata: 2011-01-18T00:00:00.000+05:30
dateTimeInKolkata (date only): 2011-01-18
dateTimeInKolkata adjusted to UTC: 2011-01-17T18:30:00.000Z

The answer is of course to create a SimpleDateFormat object and use it to parse Strings to Date and to format Dates to Strings. If you've tried SimpleDateFormat and it didn't work, then please show your code and any errors you may receive.

Addendum: "mm" in the format String is not the same as "MM". Use MM for months and mm for minutes. Also, yyyyy is not the same as yyyy. e.g.,:

import java.text.ParseException;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;

public class FormateDate {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws ParseException {
        String date_s = "2011-01-18 00:00:00.0";

        // *** note that it's "yyyy-MM-dd hh:mm:ss" not "yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss"  
        SimpleDateFormat dt = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd hh:mm:ss");
        Date date = dt.parse(date_s);

        // *** same for the format String below
        SimpleDateFormat dt1 = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd");


Use LocalDateTime#parse() (or ZonedDateTime#parse() if the string happens to contain a time zone part) to parse a String in a certain pattern into a LocalDateTime.

String oldstring = "2011-01-18 00:00:00.0";
LocalDateTime datetime = LocalDateTime.parse(oldstring, DateTimeFormatter.ofPattern("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.S"));

Use LocalDateTime#format() (or ZonedDateTime#format()) to format a LocalDateTime into a String in a certain pattern.

String newstring = datetime.format(DateTimeFormatter.ofPattern("yyyy-MM-dd"));
System.out.println(newstring); // 2011-01-18

Or, when you're not on Java 8 yet, use SimpleDateFormat#parse() to parse a String in a certain pattern into a Date.

String oldstring = "2011-01-18 00:00:00.0";
Date date = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.S").parse(oldstring);

Use SimpleDateFormat#format() to format a Date into a String in a certain pattern.

String newstring = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd").format(date);
System.out.println(newstring); // 2011-01-18

See also:

Update: as per your failed attempt: the patterns are case sensitive. Read the java.text.SimpleDateFormat javadoc what the individual parts stands for. So stands for example M for months and m for minutes. Also, years exist of four digits yyyy, not five yyyyy. Look closer at the code snippets I posted here above.

Why not simply use this

Date convertToDate(String receivedDate) throws ParseException{
        SimpleDateFormat formatter = new SimpleDateFormat("dd-MM-yyyy");
        Date date = formatter.parse(receivedDate);
        return date;

Also, this is the other way :

DateFormat df = new SimpleDateFormat("dd/MM/yyyy");
String requiredDate = df.format(new Date()).toString();


Date requiredDate = df.format(new Date());


You can also use substring()

String date_s = "2011-01-18 00:00:00.0";

If you want a space in front of the date, use

String date_s = " 2011-01-18 00:00:00.0";

You could try java 8 new date, more information can be found on the oracle documentation.

Or you can try the old one

public static Date getDateFromString(String format, String dateStr) {

        DateFormat formatter = new SimpleDateFormat(format);
        Date date = null;
        try {
            date = (Date) formatter.parse(dateStr);
        } catch (ParseException e) {

        return date;

    public static String getDate(Date date, String dateFormat) {
        DateFormat formatter = new SimpleDateFormat(dateFormat);
        return formatter.format(date);

[edited to include BalusC's corrections] The SimpleDateFormat class should do the trick:

String pattern = "yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.S";
SimpleDateFormat format = new SimpleDateFormat(pattern);
try {
  Date date = format.parse("2011-01-18 00:00:00.0");
} catch (ParseException e) {

   String str = "2000-12-12";
   Date dt = null;
   SimpleDateFormat formatter = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd");

         dt = formatter.parse(str);
    catch (Exception e)

    JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null, formatter.format(dt));

private SimpleDateFormat dataFormat = new SimpleDateFormat("dd/MM/yyyy");

public Component getTableCellRendererComponent(JTable table, Object value, boolean isSelected, boolean hasFocus, int row, int column) {
    if(value instanceof Date) {
        value = dataFormat.format(value);
    return super.getTableCellRendererComponent(table, value, isSelected, hasFocus, row, column);

    String date_s = "2011-01-18 00:00:00.0";
    SimpleDateFormat simpledateformat = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.S");
    Date tempDate=simpledateformat.parse(date_s);
    SimpleDateFormat outputDateFormat = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd");           
    System.out.println("Output date is = "+outputDateFormat.format(tempDate));
  } catch (ParseException ex) 
        System.out.println("Parse Exception");