viewholder - Android ListView with different layouts for each row




listview with multiple textview in android (4)

I am trying to determine the best way to have a single ListView that contains different layouts for each row. I know how to create a custom row + custom array adapter to support a custom row for the entire list view, but how can I implement many different row styles in the ListView?


I know how to create a custom row + custom array adapter to support a custom row for the entire list view. But how can one listview support many different row styles?

You already know the basics. You just need to get your custom adapter to return a different layout/view based on the row/cursor information being provided.

A ListView can support multiple row styles because it derives from AdapterView:

An AdapterView is a view whose children are determined by an Adapter.

If you look at the Adapter, you'll see methods that account for using row-specific views:

abstract int getViewTypeCount()
// Returns the number of types of Views that will be created ...

abstract int getItemViewType(int position)
// Get the type of View that will be created ...

abstract View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent)
// Get a View that displays the data ...

The latter two methods provide the position so you can use that to determine the type of view you should use for that row.


Of course, you generally don't use AdapterView and Adapter directly, but rather use or derive from one of their subclasses. The subclasses of Adapter may add additional functionality that change how to get custom layouts for different rows. Since the view used for a given row is driven by the adapter, the trick is to get the adapter to return the desired view for a given row. How to do this differs depending on the specific adapter.

For example, to use ArrayAdapter,

  • override getView() to inflate, populate, and return the desired view for the given position. The getView() method includes an opportunity reuse views via the convertView parameter.

But to use derivatives of CursorAdapter,

  • override newView() to inflate, populate, and return the desired view for the current cursor state (i.e. the current "row") [you also need to override bindView so that widget can reuse views]

However, to use SimpleCursorAdapter,

  • define a SimpleCursorAdapter.ViewBinder with a setViewValue() method to inflate, populate, and return the desired view for a given row (current cursor state) and data "column". The method can define just the "special" views and defer to SimpleCursorAdapter's standard behavior for the "normal" bindings.

Look up the specific examples/tutorials for the kind of adapter you end up using.


If we need to show different type of view in list-view then its good to use getViewTypeCount() and getItemViewType() in adapter instead of toggling a view VIEW.GONE and VIEW.VISIBLE can be very expensive task inside getView() which will affect the list scroll.

Please check this one for use of getViewTypeCount() and getItemViewType() in Adapter.

Link : the-use-of-getviewtypecount


ListView was intended for simple use cases like the same static view for all row items.
Since you have to create ViewHolders and make significant use of getItemViewType(), and dynamically show different row item layout xml's, you should try doing that using the RecyclerView, which is available in Android API 22. It offers better support and structure for multiple view types.

Check out this tutorial on how to use the RecyclerView to do what you are looking for.


Since you know how many types of layout you would have - it's possible to use those methods.

getViewTypeCount() - this methods returns information how many types of rows do you have in your list

getItemViewType(int position) - returns information which layout type you should use based on position

Then you inflate layout only if it's null and determine type using getItemViewType.

Look at this tutorial for further information.

To achieve some optimizations in structure that you've described in comment I would suggest:

  • Storing views in object called ViewHolder. It would increase speed because you won't have to call findViewById() every time in getView method. See List14 in API demos.
  • Create one generic layout that will conform all combinations of properties and hide some elements if current position doesn't have it.

I hope that will help you. If you could provide some XML stub with your data structure and information how exactly you want to map it into row, I would be able to give you more precise advise. By pixel.





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