horizontal - Android Drawing Separator/Divider Line in Layout?




how break (25)

I would like to draw a line right in the middle of a layout and use it as a separator of other items like TextView. Is there a good widget for this. I don't really want to use an image as it would be hard to match the other components to it. And I want it to be relatively positioned as well. Thanks


Answers

Add this in your layout where you want the divider (modify the attributes to fit your need):

<ImageView
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:src="@android:drawable/divider_horizontal_dark"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:scaleType="fitXY"
    android:paddingLeft="5dp"
    android:paddingRight="5dp"
    android:paddingBottom="2dp"
    android:paddingTop="2dp" />

Divide the space in two equal parts:

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical">

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:divider="?android:dividerHorizontal"
        android:showDividers="end"></LinearLayout>

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:layout_weight="1"></LinearLayout>

</LinearLayout>

Notice that one part contains a divider at the end


<View
            android:layout_width="2dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_marginTop="4dp"
            android:background="@android:color/darker_gray" />

Between two Layouts Put this code to get Divider.


Just write this :

 android:divider="?android:dividerHorizontal"
 android:showDividers="middle"

full example:

<LinearLayout
        android:id="@+id/llTipInformation"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_below="@+id/tvServiceRating"
        android:orientation="horizontal"
        android:divider="?android:dividerHorizontal"
        android:layout_marginTop="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
        android:showDividers="middle">

        <TextView
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:text="@string/main.msg.tippercent"
            android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceMedium"
            android:textColor="@color/colorWhite"
            android:layout_marginTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"/>
        <TextView
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:text="@string/main.msg.tiptotal"
            android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceMedium"
            android:textColor="@color/colorWhite"
            android:layout_marginTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"/>

</LinearLayout>

Add a horizontal black line using this:

<LinearLayout
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="1dp"
    android:background="#000000"
    android:layout_marginTop="10dp"/>

Here is the code " a horizontal divider line between two Text Views". Try this

    <TextView
        android:id="@id/textView"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:textSize="5dp"
        android:inputType="textPersonName"
        android:text:"address" />


    <View
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="1dp"
        android:background="@android:color/black"/>


    <TextView
        android:id="@id/textView7"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:inputType="textPersonName" 
        android:text:"Upload File" />/>

//for vertical line:

<View
   android:layout_width="1dp"
   android:layout_height="fill_parent"
   android:background="#00000000" />




//for horizontal line: 

<View
   android:layout_width="fill_parent"
   android:layout_height="1dp"
   android:background="#00000000" />
//it works like a charm

If you are going to use it a lot, best thing to do is

styles.xml:

<style name="Seperator">
        <item name="android:layout_width">match_parent</item>
        <item name="android:layout_height">1dp</item>
        <item name="android:background">@color/light_color</item>
    </style>

now in your layout, just add it like:

<View style="@style/Seperator" />

It adds a horizontal divider to anywhere in your layout.

    <TextView
       style="?android:listSeparatorTextViewStyle"
       android:layout_width="fill_parent"
       android:layout_height="wrap_content"/>

To complete Camille Sévigny answer you can additionally define your own line shape for example to custom the line color.

Define an xml shape in drawable directory. line_horizontal.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto" android:shape="line">
    <stroke android:width="2dp" android:color="@android:color/holo_blue_dark" />
    <size android:width="5dp" />
</shape>

Use this line in your layout with the wished attributes:

    <ImageView
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:paddingBottom="2dp"
        android:paddingLeft="5dp"
        android:paddingRight="5dp"
        android:paddingTop="2dp"
        android:src="@drawable/line_horizontal" />

For example if you used recyclerView for yours items:

in build.gradle write:

dependencies {
    compile 'com.yqritc:recyclerview-flexibledivider:1.4.0'

If you want to set color, size and margin values, you can specify as the followings:

RecyclerView recyclerView = (RecyclerView) 
findViewById(R.id.recyclerview);
recyclerView.addItemDecoration(
        new HorizontalDividerItemDecoration.Builder(this)
                .color(Color.RED)
                .sizeResId(R.dimen.divider)
                .marginResId(R.dimen.leftmargin, R.dimen.rightmargin)
                .build());

I got easiest way to add divider.

Vertical divider :

<View style="@style/dividerVertical"/>

Horizontal divider :

<View style="@style/dividerHorizontal"/>

That's all yes!

Just put this in res>values>styles.xml

<style name="dividerBase">
    <item name="android:background">?android:attr/listDivider</item> //you can give your color here. that will change all divider color in your app.
</style>

<style name="dividerHorizontal" parent="dividerBase">
    <item name="android:layout_width">match_parent</item>
    <item name="android:layout_height">1dp</item> // You can change thickness here.

</style>

<style name="dividerVertical" parent="dividerBase">
    <item name="android:layout_width">1dp</item>
    <item name="android:layout_height">match_parent</item>
</style>

You can use this <View> element just after the First TextView.

 <View
         android:layout_marginTop="@dimen/d10dp"
         android:id="@+id/view1"
         android:layout_width="fill_parent"
         android:layout_height="1dp"
         android:background="#c0c0c0"/>

You can use this in LinearLayout :

android:divider="?android:dividerHorizontal"
android:showDividers="middle"

For Example:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout 
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:divider="?android:dividerHorizontal"
    android:showDividers="middle"
    android:orientation="vertical" >            

        <TextView 
         android:layout_height="wrap_content"
         android:layout_width="wrap_content"
         android:text="abcd gttff hthjj ssrt guj"/>

        <TextView 
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:text="abcd"/>
        <TextView 
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:text="abcd gttff hthjj ssrt guj"/>

        <TextView 
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:text="abcd"/>

</LinearLayout>

To improve on the answers provided by Alex Kucherenko and Dan Dar3

I added this to my styles:

<style name="Divider">
    <item name="android:layout_width">match_parent</item>
    <item name="android:layout_height">1dp</item>
    <item name="android:background">?android:attr/listDivider</item>
</style>

Then in my layouts is less code and simpler to read.

<View style="@style/Divider"/>

Here is your answer..this is an example to draw line between controls...

<TextView
            android:id="@+id/textView1"
            style="@style/behindMenuItemLabel1"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_marginTop="1dp"
            android:text="FaceBook Feeds" />

         <View
             android:layout_width="fill_parent"
             android:layout_height="2dp"
             android:background="#d13033"/>

         <ListView
            android:id="@+id/list1"
            android:layout_width="350dp"
            android:layout_height="50dp" />

This code draw line between two controls...


use this xml code to add vertical line

 <View
    android:layout_width="1dp"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:layout_centerVertical="true"
    android:background="#000000" />

use this xml code to add horizontal line

<View
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="1dp"
    android:background="#000000" />

This would help you to resolve this problem. Here a small view is created to make a black line as a separator between two views.

 <View
        android:layout_width="3dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:background="@android:color/black"
         />

I usually use this code to add horizontal line:

<View
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="1dp"
    android:background="@android:color/darker_gray"/>

To add vertical separator, switch the layout_width and layout_height values


In cases where one is using android:layout_weight property to assign available screen space to layout components, for instance

<LinearLayout
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="horizontal">

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:orientation="vertical">
        ...
        ...
    </LinearLayout>

     /* And we want to add a verical separator here */

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:orientation="vertical">
        ...
        ...
     </LinearLayout>

</LinearLayout>

To add a separator between the existing two layouts which has taken the entire screen space already, we cannot just add another LinearLayout with android:weight:"1" because that will make three equal width columns which we don't want. Instead, we will decrease the amount of space we will be giving to this new layout. Final code would look like this:

<LinearLayout
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="horizontal">

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:orientation="vertical">
        ...
        ...
    </LinearLayout>

                    /* *************** ********************** */

    /* Add another LinearLayout with android:layout_weight="0.01" and 
       android:background="#your_choice" */
    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_weight="0.01"
        android:background="@android:color/darker_gray"
     />

    /* Or View can be used */
    <View
        android:layout_width="1dp"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_marginTop="16dp"
        android:background="@android:color/darker_gray"
     />

                     /* *************** ********************** */

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:orientation="vertical">
        ...
        ...
    </LinearLayout>

</LinearLayout>


Simple solution

just add this code in your layout and replace 'Id_of__view_present_above' to the id of the view, below which you need the divider.
<TextView
  android:layout_width="match_parent"
  android:layout_height="1dp"
  android:background="#c0c0c0"
  android:id="@+id/your_id"
  android:layout_marginTop="16dp" 
  android:layout_below="@+id/Id_of__view_present_above"
/>

Runtime version:

View dividerView = new View(getContext());
LinearLayout.LayoutParams lp = new LinearLayout.LayoutParams(
    ViewGroup.LayoutParams.FILL_PARENT, UIUtils.dpToPix(getContext(), 1));
dividerView.setLayoutParams(lp);

TypedArray array = getContext().getTheme()
    .obtainStyledAttributes(new int[] {android.R.attr.listDivider});
Drawable draw = array.getDrawable(0);       
array.recycle();

dividerView.setBackgroundDrawable(draw);
mParentLayout.addView(dividerView);

use this code. It will help

<LinearLayout
    android:layout_width="0dip"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:layout_gravity="center"
    android:layout_weight="1"
    android:divider="?android:dividerHorizontal"
    android:gravity="center"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:showDividers="middle" >

<TextView
    android:id="@+id/line"
    style="?android:attr/listSeparatorTextViewStyle"
    android:paddingTop="5dip"
    android:gravity="center_horizontal"
    android:layout_below="@+id/connect_help"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="1dp"
    android:background="#000" />

onSaveInstanceState() for transient data (restored in onCreate()/onRestoreInstanceState()), onPause() for persistent data (restored in onResume()). From Android technical resources:

onSaveInstanceState() is called by Android if the Activity is being stopped and may be killed before it is resumed! This means it should store any state necessary to re-initialize to the same condition when the Activity is restarted. It is the counterpart to the onCreate() method, and in fact the savedInstanceState Bundle passed in to onCreate() is the same Bundle that you construct as outState in the onSaveInstanceState() method.

onPause() and onResume() are also complimentary methods. onPause() is always called when the Activity ends, even if we instigated that (with a finish() call for example). We will use this to save the current note back to the database. Good practice is to release any resources that can be released during an onPause() as well, to take up less resources when in the passive state.





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