c++ value My enum is not a class or namespace




is not a member of enum c++ (4)

Hi I have files called MyCode.h and MyCode.cpp

In MyCode.h I have declared

enum MyEnum {Something = 0, SomethingElse = 1};

class MyClass {

MyEnum enumInstance;
void Foo();

}; 

Then in MyCode.cpp:

#include "MyCode.h"

void MyClass::Foo() {
    enumInstance = MyEnum::SomethingElse;
}

but when compiling with g++ I get the error 'MyEnum' is not a class or namespace...

(works fine in MS VS2010 but not linux g++)

Any ideas? Thanks Thomas


Indeed, C++0x allows that feature. I could enable it successfully in gcc using this command line flag: -std=c++0x

This was with gcc version 4.4.5


Scoped enums will not exist until C++0x. For the time being, your code should be

enumInstance = SomethingElse;

You can create an artificial scoped enum by putting the enum's definition inside its own namespace or struct.


As explain in other answers: syntax MyEnum::SomethingElse is not valid on regular C++98 enums unless your compiler supports them through non-standard extensions.

I personally don't like the declaration enum MyEnum {A, B}; because Type name is not present while using enum values. This can leads to conflict of names in the current name space.

So user should refer to the type name at each enum values. Example to avoid declaring A twice:

enum MyEnum {MyEnum_A, MyEnum_B};
void A(void) {
    MyEnum enumInstance = MyEnum_A;
}

I prefer to use a specific name space or structure. This allow to reference enum values with latest C++ style:

namespace MyEnum {
    enum Value {A,B};
}
void A(void) {
    MyEnum::Value enumInstance = MyEnum::A
}

The syntax MyEnum::SomethingElse is a Microsoft extension. It happens to be one I like, but it's not Standard C++. enum values are added to the surrounding namespace:

 // header
 enum MyEnum {Something = 0, SomethingElse = 1};

 class MyClass {

 MyEnum enumInstance;
 void Foo();

 }

 // implementation
 #include "MyClass.h"

 void Foo() {
     enumInstance = SomethingElse;
 }




c++11