ios rotation - iOS UIImagePickerController result image orientation after upload




8 Answers

A UIImage has a property imageOrientation, which instructs the UIImageView and other UIImage consumers to rotate the raw image data. There's a good chance that this flag is being saved to the exif data in the uploaded jpeg image, but the program you use to view it is not honoring that flag.

To rotate the UIImage to display properly when uploaded, you can use a category like this:

UIImage+fixOrientation.h

@interface UIImage (fixOrientation)

- (UIImage *)fixOrientation;

@end

UIImage+fixOrientation.m

@implementation UIImage (fixOrientation)

- (UIImage *)fixOrientation {

    // No-op if the orientation is already correct
    if (self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientationUp) return self;

    // We need to calculate the proper transformation to make the image upright.
    // We do it in 2 steps: Rotate if Left/Right/Down, and then flip if Mirrored.
    CGAffineTransform transform = CGAffineTransformIdentity;

    switch (self.imageOrientation) {
        case UIImageOrientationDown:
        case UIImageOrientationDownMirrored:
            transform = CGAffineTransformTranslate(transform, self.size.width, self.size.height);
            transform = CGAffineTransformRotate(transform, M_PI);
            break;

        case UIImageOrientationLeft:
        case UIImageOrientationLeftMirrored:
            transform = CGAffineTransformTranslate(transform, self.size.width, 0);
            transform = CGAffineTransformRotate(transform, M_PI_2);
            break;

        case UIImageOrientationRight:
        case UIImageOrientationRightMirrored:
            transform = CGAffineTransformTranslate(transform, 0, self.size.height);
            transform = CGAffineTransformRotate(transform, -M_PI_2);
            break;
        case UIImageOrientationUp:
        case UIImageOrientationUpMirrored:
            break;
    }

    switch (self.imageOrientation) {
        case UIImageOrientationUpMirrored:
        case UIImageOrientationDownMirrored:
            transform = CGAffineTransformTranslate(transform, self.size.width, 0);
            transform = CGAffineTransformScale(transform, -1, 1);
            break;

        case UIImageOrientationLeftMirrored:
        case UIImageOrientationRightMirrored:
            transform = CGAffineTransformTranslate(transform, self.size.height, 0);
            transform = CGAffineTransformScale(transform, -1, 1);
            break;
        case UIImageOrientationUp:
        case UIImageOrientationDown:
        case UIImageOrientationLeft:
        case UIImageOrientationRight:
            break;
    }

    // Now we draw the underlying CGImage into a new context, applying the transform
    // calculated above.
    CGContextRef ctx = CGBitmapContextCreate(NULL, self.size.width, self.size.height,
                                             CGImageGetBitsPerComponent(self.CGImage), 0,
                                             CGImageGetColorSpace(self.CGImage),
                                             CGImageGetBitmapInfo(self.CGImage));
    CGContextConcatCTM(ctx, transform);
    switch (self.imageOrientation) {
        case UIImageOrientationLeft:
        case UIImageOrientationLeftMirrored:
        case UIImageOrientationRight:
        case UIImageOrientationRightMirrored:
            // Grr...
            CGContextDrawImage(ctx, CGRectMake(0,0,self.size.height,self.size.width), self.CGImage);
            break;

        default:
            CGContextDrawImage(ctx, CGRectMake(0,0,self.size.width,self.size.height), self.CGImage);
            break;
    }

    // And now we just create a new UIImage from the drawing context
    CGImageRef cgimg = CGBitmapContextCreateImage(ctx);
    UIImage *img = [UIImage imageWithCGImage:cgimg];
    CGContextRelease(ctx);
    CGImageRelease(cgimg);
    return img;
}

@end
issue camera

I am testing my iPhone application on an iOS 3.1.3 iPhone. I am selecting/capturing an image using a UIImagePickerController:

UIImagePickerController *imagePicker = [[UIImagePickerController alloc] init];
[imagePicker setSourceType:UIImagePickerControllerSourceTypeCamera];
[imagePicker setDelegate:self];
[self.navigationController presentModalViewController:imagePicker animated:YES];
[imagePicker release];



- (void)imagePickerController:(UIImagePickerController *)picker didFinishPickingMediaWithInfo:(NSDictionary *)info {
    self.image = [info objectForKey:UIImagePickerControllerOriginalImage];
    imageView.image = self.image;
    [self.navigationController dismissModalViewControllerAnimated:YES];
    submitButton.enabled = YES;
}

I then at some point send it to my web server using the ASI classes:

ASIFormDataRequest *request = [ASIFormDataRequest requestWithURL:[NSURL URLWithString:@"http://example.com/myscript.php"]];
[request setDelegate:self];
[request setStringEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
[request setShouldContinueWhenAppEntersBackground:YES];
//other post keys/values
[request setFile:UIImageJPEGRepresentation(self.image, 100.0f) withFileName:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"%d.jpg", [[NSDate date] timeIntervalSinceNow]] andContentType:@"image/jpg" forKey:@"imageFile"];
[request startAsynchronous];

the problem: when i take a picture with the iphone while holding it landscape, the image gets uploaded to the server and it viewed like you would expect. when taking a picture holding the phone in portrait, the image is uploaded and viewed as it had been rotated 90 degrees.

my application is set to only work in portrait modes(upsidedown and regular).

How can i make the image always show the correct orientation after uploading?

the image appears to be correct as displayed in an UIImageView(directly after taking the picture), but viewing on the server says otherwise.




Here is a Swift version of the answer by @an0:

func normalizedImage() -> UIImage {

  if (self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.Up) { 
      return self;
  }

  UIGraphicsBeginImageContextWithOptions(self.size, false, self.scale);
  let rect = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: self.size.width, height: self.size.height)
  self.drawInRect(rect)

  let normalizedImage : UIImage = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext()
  UIGraphicsEndImageContext();
  return normalizedImage;
}

Also in a more general function:

func fixOrientation(img:UIImage) -> UIImage {

  if (img.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.Up) { 
      return img;
  }

  UIGraphicsBeginImageContextWithOptions(img.size, false, img.scale);
  let rect = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: img.size.width, height: img.size.height)
  img.drawInRect(rect)

  let normalizedImage : UIImage = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext()
  UIGraphicsEndImageContext();
  return normalizedImage;

}

Swift 3 version:

func fixOrientation(img: UIImage) -> UIImage {
    if (img.imageOrientation == .up) {
        return img
    }

    UIGraphicsBeginImageContextWithOptions(img.size, false, img.scale)
    let rect = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: img.size.width, height: img.size.height)
    img.draw(in: rect)

    let normalizedImage = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext()!
    UIGraphicsEndImageContext()

    return normalizedImage
}



in swift ;)

UPDATE SWIFT 3.0 :D

func sFunc_imageFixOrientation(img:UIImage) -> UIImage {


    // No-op if the orientation is already correct
    if (img.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.up) {
        return img;
    }
    // We need to calculate the proper transformation to make the image upright.
    // We do it in 2 steps: Rotate if Left/Right/Down, and then flip if Mirrored.
    var transform:CGAffineTransform = CGAffineTransform.identity

    if (img.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.down
        || img.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.downMirrored) {

        transform = transform.translatedBy(x: img.size.width, y: img.size.height)
        transform = transform.rotated(by: CGFloat(M_PI))
    }

    if (img.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.left
        || img.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.leftMirrored) {

        transform = transform.translatedBy(x: img.size.width, y: 0)
        transform = transform.rotated(by: CGFloat(M_PI_2))
    }

    if (img.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.right
        || img.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.rightMirrored) {

        transform = transform.translatedBy(x: 0, y: img.size.height);
        transform = transform.rotated(by: CGFloat(-M_PI_2));
    }

    if (img.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.upMirrored
        || img.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.downMirrored) {

        transform = transform.translatedBy(x: img.size.width, y: 0)
        transform = transform.scaledBy(x: -1, y: 1)
    }

    if (img.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.leftMirrored
        || img.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.rightMirrored) {

        transform = transform.translatedBy(x: img.size.height, y: 0);
        transform = transform.scaledBy(x: -1, y: 1);
    }


    // Now we draw the underlying CGImage into a new context, applying the transform
    // calculated above.
    let ctx:CGContext = CGContext(data: nil, width: Int(img.size.width), height: Int(img.size.height),
                                  bitsPerComponent: img.cgImage!.bitsPerComponent, bytesPerRow: 0,
                                  space: img.cgImage!.colorSpace!,
                                  bitmapInfo: img.cgImage!.bitmapInfo.rawValue)!

    ctx.concatenate(transform)


    if (img.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.left
        || img.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.leftMirrored
        || img.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.right
        || img.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.rightMirrored
        ) {


        ctx.draw(img.cgImage!, in: CGRect(x:0,y:0,width:img.size.height,height:img.size.width))

    } else {
        ctx.draw(img.cgImage!, in: CGRect(x:0,y:0,width:img.size.width,height:img.size.height))
    }


    // And now we just create a new UIImage from the drawing context
    let cgimg:CGImage = ctx.makeImage()!
    let imgEnd:UIImage = UIImage(cgImage: cgimg)

    return imgEnd
}



If you enable editing, then the edited image (as opposed to the original) will be oriented as expected:

UIImagePickerController *imagePickerController = [[UIImagePickerController alloc] init];
imagePickerController.allowsEditing = YES;
// set delegate and present controller

- (void)imagePickerController:(UIImagePickerController *)picker didFinishPickingMediaWithInfo:(NSDictionary *)info {
    UIImage *photo = [info valueForKey:UIImagePickerControllerEditedImage];
    // do whatever
}

Enabling editing allows the user to resize and move the image before tapping "Use Photo"




Update for Swift 3.1 based on Sourabh Sharma's answer, with code clean up.

extension UIImage {
    func fixedOrientation() -> UIImage {
        if imageOrientation == .up { return self }

        var transform:CGAffineTransform = .identity
        switch imageOrientation {
        case .down, .downMirrored:
            transform = transform.translatedBy(x: size.width, y: size.height).rotated(by: .pi)
        case .left, .leftMirrored:
            transform = transform.translatedBy(x: size.width, y: 0).rotated(by: .pi/2)
        case .right, .rightMirrored:
            transform = transform.translatedBy(x: 0, y: size.height).rotated(by: -.pi/2)
        default: break
        }

        switch imageOrientation {
        case .upMirrored, .downMirrored:
            transform = transform.translatedBy(x: size.width, y: 0).scaledBy(x: -1, y: 1)
        case .leftMirrored, .rightMirrored:
            transform = transform.translatedBy(x: size.height, y: 0).scaledBy(x: -1, y: 1)
        default: break
        }

        let ctx = CGContext(data: nil, width: Int(size.width), height: Int(size.height),
                                       bitsPerComponent: cgImage!.bitsPerComponent, bytesPerRow: 0,
                                       space: cgImage!.colorSpace!, bitmapInfo: cgImage!.bitmapInfo.rawValue)!
        ctx.concatenate(transform)

        switch imageOrientation {
        case .left, .leftMirrored, .right, .rightMirrored:
            ctx.draw(cgImage!, in: CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: size.height,height: size.width))
        default:
            ctx.draw(cgImage!, in: CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: size.width,height: size.height))
        }
        return UIImage(cgImage: ctx.makeImage()!)
    }
}

Picker delegate method example:

func imagePickerController(_ picker: UIImagePickerController, didFinishPickingMediaWithInfo info: [String : Any]) {
    guard let originalImage = info[UIImagePickerControllerOriginalImage] as? UIImage else { return }
    let fixedImage = originalImage.fixedOrientation()
    // do your work
}



Here's UIImage extension for swift:

extension UIImage {

    func fixOrientation() -> UIImage {

        // No-op if the orientation is already correct
        if ( self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.Up ) {
            return self;
        }

        // We need to calculate the proper transformation to make the image upright.
        // We do it in 2 steps: Rotate if Left/Right/Down, and then flip if Mirrored.
        var transform: CGAffineTransform = CGAffineTransformIdentity

        if ( self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.Down || self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.DownMirrored ) {
            transform = CGAffineTransformTranslate(transform, self.size.width, self.size.height)
            transform = CGAffineTransformRotate(transform, CGFloat(M_PI))
        }

        if ( self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.Left || self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.LeftMirrored ) {
            transform = CGAffineTransformTranslate(transform, self.size.width, 0)
            transform = CGAffineTransformRotate(transform, CGFloat(M_PI_2))
        }

        if ( self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.Right || self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.RightMirrored ) {
            transform = CGAffineTransformTranslate(transform, 0, self.size.height);
            transform = CGAffineTransformRotate(transform,  CGFloat(-M_PI_2));
        }

        if ( self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.UpMirrored || self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.DownMirrored ) {
            transform = CGAffineTransformTranslate(transform, self.size.width, 0)
            transform = CGAffineTransformScale(transform, -1, 1)
        }

        if ( self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.LeftMirrored || self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.RightMirrored ) {
            transform = CGAffineTransformTranslate(transform, self.size.height, 0);
            transform = CGAffineTransformScale(transform, -1, 1);
        }

        // Now we draw the underlying CGImage into a new context, applying the transform
        // calculated above.
        var ctx: CGContextRef = CGBitmapContextCreate(nil, Int(self.size.width), Int(self.size.height),
            CGImageGetBitsPerComponent(self.CGImage), 0,
            CGImageGetColorSpace(self.CGImage),
            CGImageGetBitmapInfo(self.CGImage));

        CGContextConcatCTM(ctx, transform)

        if ( self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.Left ||
            self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.LeftMirrored ||
            self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.Right ||
            self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.RightMirrored ) {
                CGContextDrawImage(ctx, CGRectMake(0,0,self.size.height,self.size.width), self.CGImage)
        } else {
            CGContextDrawImage(ctx, CGRectMake(0,0,self.size.width,self.size.height), self.CGImage)
        }

        // And now we just create a new UIImage from the drawing context and return it
        return UIImage(CGImage: CGBitmapContextCreateImage(ctx))!
    }
}

Based on MetalHeart2003's earlier work..




I have experienced this issue with images taken from camera or saved in camera roll which are taken from camera. Images downloaded in photo library from safari browser does not rotate when uploaded.

I was able to solve this issue by making the image data as JPEG before uploading.

let image = info[UIImagePickerControllerOriginalImage] as! UIImage        
let data = UIImageJPEGRepresentation(image, 1.0)

We can now use the data for uploading and the image will not get rotated after upload.

Hope this will work.




Swift 3 version based on @jake1981 who've taken it from @MetalHeart2003

extension UIImage {

    func fixOrientation() -> UIImage {

        // No-op if the orientation is already correct
        if ( self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.up ) {
            return self;
        }

        // We need to calculate the proper transformation to make the image upright.
        // We do it in 2 steps: Rotate if Left/Right/Down, and then flip if Mirrored.

        var transform: CGAffineTransform = CGAffineTransform.identity

        if ( self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.down || self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.downMirrored ) {
            transform = transform.translatedBy(x: self.size.width, y: self.size.height)
            transform = transform.rotated(by: CGFloat(M_PI))
        }

        if ( self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.left || self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.leftMirrored ) {
            transform = transform.translatedBy(x: self.size.width, y: 0)
            transform = transform.rotated(by: CGFloat(M_PI_2))
        }

        if ( self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.right || self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.rightMirrored ) {
            transform = transform.translatedBy(x: 0, y: self.size.height);
            transform = transform.rotated(by: CGFloat(-M_PI_2));
        }

        if ( self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.upMirrored || self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.downMirrored ) {
            transform = transform.translatedBy(x: self.size.width, y: 0)
            transform = transform.scaledBy(x: -1, y: 1)
        }

        if ( self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.leftMirrored || self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.rightMirrored ) {
            transform = transform.translatedBy(x: self.size.height, y: 0);
            transform = transform.scaledBy(x: -1, y: 1);
        }

        // Now we draw the underlying CGImage into a new context, applying the transform
        // calculated above.
        let ctx: CGContext = CGContext(data: nil, width: Int(self.size.width), height: Int(self.size.height),
                                       bitsPerComponent: self.cgImage!.bitsPerComponent, bytesPerRow: 0,
                                       space: self.cgImage!.colorSpace!,
                                       bitmapInfo: self.cgImage!.bitmapInfo.rawValue)!
        ctx.concatenate(transform)

        if ( self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.left ||
            self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.leftMirrored ||
            self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.right ||
            self.imageOrientation == UIImageOrientation.rightMirrored ) {

            ctx.draw(self.cgImage!, in: CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: self.size.height, height: self.size.width))
        } else {
            ctx.draw(self.cgImage!, in: CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: self.size.width, height: self.size.height))
        }

        // And now we just create a new UIImage from the drawing context and return it
        return UIImage(cgImage: ctx.makeImage()!)

    }
}



Related

ios iphone cocoa-touch uiimage uiimagepickercontroller