c# - with - entity framework reverse foreign key




Entity Framework Code First-two Foreign Keys from same table (4)

I've just started using EF code first, so I'm total beginner in this topic.

I wanted to create relations between Teams and Matches: 1 match = 2 teams (home, guest) and result. I thought It's easy to create such model, so I started coding:

public class Team
{
    [Key]
    public int TeamId { get; set;} 
    public string Name { get; set; }

    public virtual ICollection<Match> Matches { get; set; }
}


public class Match
{
    [Key]
    public int MatchId { get; set; }

    [ForeignKey("HomeTeam"), Column(Order = 0)]
    public int HomeTeamId { get; set; }
    [ForeignKey("GuestTeam"), Column(Order = 1)]
    public int GuestTeamId { get; set; }

    public float HomePoints { get; set; }
    public float GuestPoints { get; set; }
    public DateTime Date { get; set; }

    public virtual Team HomeTeam { get; set; }
    public virtual Team GuestTeam { get; set; }
}

And I get an exception :

The referential relationship will result in a cyclical reference that is not allowed. [ Constraint name = Match_GuestTeam ]

How can I create such model, with 2 foreign keys to same table ? TIA.


I know it's a several years old post and you may solve your problem with above solution. However, i just want to suggest using InverseProperty for someone who still need. At least you don't need to change anything in OnModelCreating.

The below code is un-tested.

public class Team
{
    [Key]
    public int TeamId { get; set;} 
    public string Name { get; set; }

    [InverseProperty("HomeTeam")]
    public virtual ICollection<Match> HomeMatches { get; set; }

    [InverseProperty("GuestTeam")]
    public virtual ICollection<Match> GuestMatches { get; set; }
}


public class Match
{
    [Key]
    public int MatchId { get; set; }

    public float HomePoints { get; set; }
    public float GuestPoints { get; set; }
    public DateTime Date { get; set; }

    public virtual Team HomeTeam { get; set; }
    public virtual Team GuestTeam { get; set; }
}

You can read more about InverseProperty on MSDN: https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/data/jj591583?f=255&MSPPError=-2147217396#Relationships


It's also possible to specify the ForeignKey() attribute on the navigation property:

[ForeignKey("HomeTeamID")]
public virtual Team HomeTeam { get; set; }
[ForeignKey("GuestTeamID")]
public virtual Team GuestTeam { get; set; }

That way you don't need to add any code to the OnModelCreate method


Try this:

public class Team
{
    public int TeamId { get; set;} 
    public string Name { get; set; }

    public virtual ICollection<Match> HomeMatches { get; set; }
    public virtual ICollection<Match> AwayMatches { get; set; }
}

public class Match
{
    public int MatchId { get; set; }

    public int HomeTeamId { get; set; }
    public int GuestTeamId { get; set; }

    public float HomePoints { get; set; }
    public float GuestPoints { get; set; }
    public DateTime Date { get; set; }

    public virtual Team HomeTeam { get; set; }
    public virtual Team GuestTeam { get; set; }
}


public class Context : DbContext
{
    ...

    protected override void OnModelCreating(DbModelBuilder modelBuilder)
    {
        modelBuilder.Entity<Match>()
                    .HasRequired(m => m.HomeTeam)
                    .WithMany(t => t.HomeMatches)
                    .HasForeignKey(m => m.HomeTeamId)
                    .WillCascadeOnDelete(false);

        modelBuilder.Entity<Match>()
                    .HasRequired(m => m.GuestTeam)
                    .WithMany(t => t.AwayMatches)
                    .HasForeignKey(m => m.GuestTeamId)
                    .WillCascadeOnDelete(false);
    }
}

Primary keys are mapped by default convention. Team must have two collection of matches. You can't have single collection referenced by two FKs. Match is mapped without cascading delete because it doesn't work in these self referencing many-to-many.


You can try this too:

public class Match
{
    [Key]
    public int MatchId { get; set; }

    [ForeignKey("HomeTeam"), Column(Order = 0)]
    public int? HomeTeamId { get; set; }
    [ForeignKey("GuestTeam"), Column(Order = 1)]
    public int? GuestTeamId { get; set; }

    public float HomePoints { get; set; }
    public float GuestPoints { get; set; }
    public DateTime Date { get; set; }

    public virtual Team HomeTeam { get; set; }
    public virtual Team GuestTeam { get; set; }
}

When you make a FK column allow NULLS, you are breaking the cycle. Or we are just cheating the EF schema generator.

In my case, this simple modification solve the problem.







entity-framework-4.1