variable - vba set vs dim

What does the keyword Set actually do in VBA? (5)

set is used to assign a reference to an object. The C equivalent would be

 int i;
int* ref_i;

i = 4; // Assigning a value (in VBA: i = 4)
ref_i = &i; //assigning a reference (in VBA: set ref_i = i)

Hopefully an easy question, but I'd quite like a technical answer to this!

What's the difference between:

i = 4


Set i = 4

in VBA? I know that the latter will throw an error, but I don't fully understand why.

From MSDN:

Set Keyword: In VBA, the Set keyword is necessary to distinguish between assignment of an object and assignment of the default property of the object. Since default properties are not supported in Visual Basic .NET, the Set keyword is not needed and is no longer supported.

Off the top of my head, Set is used to assign COM objects to variables. By doing a Set I suspect that under the hood it's doing an AddRef() call on the object to manage it's lifetime.

Set is an Keyword and it is used to assign a reference to an Object in VBA.

For E.g., *Below example shows how to use of Set in VBA.

Dim WS As Worksheet

Set WS = ActiveWorkbook.Worksheets("Sheet1")

WS.Name = "Amit"

So when you want to set a value, you don't need "Set"; otherwise, if you are referring to an object, e.g. worksheet/range etc., you need using "Set".