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What's the difference between INNER JOIN, LEFT JOIN, RIGHT JOIN and FULL JOIN? (2)

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What's the difference between INNER JOIN, LEFT JOIN, RIGHT JOIN and FULL JOIN in MySQL?


An SQL JOIN clause is used to combine rows from two or more tables, based on a common field between them.

There are different types of joins available in SQL:

INNER JOIN: returns rows when there is a match in both tables.

LEFT JOIN: returns all rows from the left table, even if there are no matches in the right table.

RIGHT JOIN: returns all rows from the right table, even if there are no matches in the left table.

FULL JOIN: It combines the results of both left and right outer joins.

The joined table will contain all records from both the tables and fill in NULLs for missing matches on either side.

SELF JOIN: is used to join a table to itself as if the table were two tables, temporarily renaming at least one table in the SQL statement.

CARTESIAN JOIN: returns the Cartesian product of the sets of records from the two or more joined tables.

WE can take each first four joins in Details :

We have two tables with the following values.

TableA

id  firstName                  lastName
.......................................
1   arun                        prasanth                 
2   ann                         antony                   
3   sruthy                      abc                      
6   new                         abc                                           

TableB

id2 age Place
................
1   24  kerala
2   24  usa
3   25  ekm
5   24  chennai

....................................................................

INNER JOIN

Note :it gives the intersection of the two tables, i.e. rows they have common in TableA and TableB

Syntax

SELECT table1.column1, table2.column2...
  FROM table1
 INNER JOIN table2
    ON table1.common_field = table2.common_field;

Apply it in our sample table :

SELECT TableA.firstName,TableA.lastName,TableB.age,TableB.Place
  FROM TableA
 INNER JOIN TableB
    ON TableA.id = TableB.id2;

Result Will Be

firstName       lastName       age  Place
..............................................
arun            prasanth        24  kerala
ann             antony          24  usa
sruthy          abc             25  ekm

LEFT JOIN

Note : will give all selected rows in TableA, plus any common selected rows in TableB.

Syntax

SELECT table1.column1, table2.column2...
  FROM table1
  LEFT JOIN table2
    ON table1.common_field = table2.common_field;

Apply it in our sample table :

SELECT TableA.firstName,TableA.lastName,TableB.age,TableB.Place
  FROM TableA
  LEFT JOIN TableB
    ON TableA.id = TableB.id2;

Result

firstName                   lastName                    age   Place
...............................................................................
arun                        prasanth                    24    kerala
ann                         antony                      24    usa
sruthy                      abc                         25    ekm
new                         abc                         NULL  NULL

RIGHT JOIN

Note : will give all selected rows in TableB, plus any common selected rows in TableA.

Syntax

SELECT table1.column1, table2.column2...
  FROM table1
 RIGHT JOIN table2
    ON table1.common_field = table2.common_field;

Apply it in our sample table :

SELECT TableA.firstName,TableA.lastName,TableB.age,TableB.Place
  FROM TableA
 RIGHT JOIN TableB
    ON TableA.id = TableB.id2;

Result

firstName                   lastName                    age     Place
...............................................................................
arun                        prasanth                    24     kerala
ann                         antony                      24     usa
sruthy                      abc                         25     ekm
NULL                        NULL                        24     chennai

FULL JOIN

Note :It will return all selected values from both tables.

Syntax

SELECT table1.column1, table2.column2...
  FROM table1
  FULL JOIN table2
    ON table1.common_field = table2.common_field;

Apply it in our sample table :

SELECT TableA.firstName,TableA.lastName,TableB.age,TableB.Place
  FROM TableA
  FULL JOIN TableB
    ON TableA.id = TableB.id2;

Result

firstName                   lastName                    age    Place
...............................................................................
arun                        prasanth                    24    kerala
ann                         antony                      24    usa
sruthy                      abc                         25    ekm
new                         abc                         NULL  NULL
NULL                        NULL                        24    chennai

Interesting Fact

For INNER joins the order doesn't matter

For (LEFT, RIGHT or FULL) OUTER joins,the order matter

Better to go check this Link it will give you interesting details about join order


INNER JOIN gets all records that are common between both tables based on the foreign key

LEFT JOIN gets all records from the LEFT linked table but if you have selected some columns from the RIGHT table, if there is no related records, these columns will contain NULL

RIGHT JOIN is like the above but gets all records in the RIGHT table

FULL JOIN gets all records from both tables and puts NULL in the columns where related records do not exist in the opposite table





outer-join