outer - linq left join two tables c#




LINQ Inner-Join vs Left-Join (4)

Using extension syntax I'm trying to create a left-join using LINQ on two lists that I have. The following is from the Microsoft help but I've modified it to show that the pets list has no elements. What I'm ending up with is a list of 0 elements. I assume that this is because an inner-join is taking place. What I want to end up with is a list of 3 elements (the 3 Person objects) with null data filled in for the missing elements. i.e. a Left-Join. Is this possible?

Person magnus = new Person { Name = "Hedlund, Magnus" };
Person terry = new Person { Name = "Adams, Terry" };
Person charlotte = new Person { Name = "Weiss, Charlotte" };

//Pet barley = new Pet { Name = "Barley", Owner = terry };
//Pet boots = new Pet { Name = "Boots", Owner = terry };
//Pet whiskers = new Pet { Name = "Whiskers", Owner = charlotte };
//Pet daisy = new Pet { Name = "Daisy", Owner = magnus };

List<Person> people = new List<Person> { magnus, terry, charlotte };
//List<Pet> pets = new List<Pet> { barley, boots, whiskers, daisy };
List<Pet> pets = new List<Pet>();

// Create a list of Person-Pet pairs where 
// each element is an anonymous type that contains a
// Pet's name and the name of the Person that owns the Pet.
var query =
    people.Join(pets,
                person => person,
                pet => pet.Owner,
                (person, pet) =>
                    new { OwnerName = person.Name, Pet = pet.Name }).ToList();


I the following error message when faced this same problem:

The type of one of the expressions in the join clause is incorrect. Type inference failed in the call to 'GroupJoin'.

Solved when I used the same property name, it worked.

(...)

join enderecoST in db.PessoaEnderecos on 
    new 
      {  
         CD_PESSOA          = nf.CD_PESSOA_ST, 
         CD_ENDERECO_PESSOA = nf.CD_ENDERECO_PESSOA_ST 
      } equals 
    new 
    { 
         enderecoST.CD_PESSOA, 
         enderecoST.CD_ENDERECO_PESSOA 
    } into eST

(...)


If you actually have a database, this is the most-simple way:

var lsPetOwners = ( from person in context.People
                    from pets in context.Pets
                        .Where(mypet => mypet.Owner == person.ID) 
                        .DefaultIfEmpty()
                     select new { OwnerName = person.Name, Pet = pets.Name }
                   ).ToList();

Left joins in LINQ are possible with the DefaultIfEmpty() method. I don't have the exact syntax for your case though...

Actually I think if you just change pets to pets.DefaultIfEmpty() in the query it might work...

EDIT: I really shouldn't answer things when its late...





left-join