php7 - where is php.ini ubuntu

Dude, where's my php.ini? (8)

A few years ago I installed Apache 2.2x and PHP 5.3.1 on a Linux server I maintain. I used .tar.gz's and built them as instructed (instead of rpms and what-have-you). And all was fine.

Today I need to install this which seems like a PHP library. I went through all the steps up to make install, and I find in $PHP_HOME/lib/extensions/somecomplicatedname/

The great catch is the last step is to configure php.ini but there is NO php.ini on my system. Horror of horrors. PHP works fine, except of course for this new-fangled ibm_db2 thingamagic that I want to use so somebody can use a GUI to tinker with DB2. (I tried a small php script which fails and indicates that the ibm_db2 functions are not available).

I have to deal with PHP once every few years, so please enlighten me at a very basic level about what I could do to enable web-based GUI access to DB2.

Best way to find this is: create a php file and add the following code:

<?php phpinfo(); ?>

and open it in browser, it will show the file which is actually being read!

Updates by OP:

  1. The previously accepted answer is likely to be faster and more convenient for you, but it is not always correct. See comments on that answer.
  2. Please also note the more convenient alternative <?php echo php_ini_loaded_file(); ?> mentioned in this answer.

On the command line execute:

php --ini

You will get something like:

Configuration File (php.ini) Path: /etc/php5/cli
Loaded Configuration File:         /etc/php5/cli/php.ini
Scan for additional .ini files in: /etc/php5/cli/conf.d
Additional .ini files parsed:      /etc/php5/cli/conf.d/curl.ini,

That's from my local dev-machine. However, the second line is the interesting one. If there is nothing mentioned, have a look at the first one. That is the path, where PHP looks for the php.ini.

You can grep the same information using phpinfo() in a script and call it with a browser. Its mentioned in the first block of the output. php -i does the same for the command line, but its quite uncomfortable.

PHP comes with two native functions to show which config file is loaded :

Depending on your setup, Apache and CLI might use different ini files. Here are the two solutions :

Apache :

Just add the following in a php file and open it in your browser

print php_ini_loaded_file();


Copy-paste in your terminal :

php -r 'print php_ini_loaded_file(); print_r(php_ini_scanned_files());'

This command should help you to find it

php -r "phpinfo();" | grep php.ini

This works for me:

php -i | grep 'php.ini'

You should see something like:

Loaded Configuration File => /usr/local/lib/php.ini

p.s. To get only the php.inin path

php -i | grep /.+/php.ini -oE

You can get more info about your config files using something like:

$ -> php -i | ack config # Use fgrep -i if you don't have ack

Configure Command =>  './configure'  ...
Loaded Configuration File => /path/to/php.ini

find / -name php.ini

Hey... it worked for me!