android int - Convert list to array in Java




arraylist c# (11)

How can I convert a List to an Array in Java?

Check the code below:

ArrayList<Tienda> tiendas;
List<Tienda> tiendasList; 
tiendas = new ArrayList<Tienda>();

Resources res = this.getBaseContext().getResources();
XMLParser saxparser =  new XMLParser(marca,res);

tiendasList = saxparser.parse(marca,res);
tiendas = tiendasList.toArray();

this.adaptador = new adaptadorMarca(this, R.layout.filamarca, tiendas);
setListAdapter(this.adaptador);  

I need to populate the array tiendas with the values of tiendasList.


Answers

I think this is the simplest way:

Foo[] array = list.toArray(new Foo[0]);

Try this:

List list = new ArrayList();
list.add("Apple");
list.add("Banana");

Object[] ol = list.toArray();

This is works. Kind of.

public static Object[] toArray(List<?> a) {
    Object[] arr = new Object[a.size()];
    for (int i = 0; i < a.size(); i++)
        arr[i] = a.get(i);
    return arr;
}

Then the main method.

public static void main(String[] args) {
    List<String> list = new ArrayList<String>() {{
        add("hello");
        add("world");
    }};
    Object[] arr = toArray(list);
    System.out.println(arr[0]);
}

This (Ondrej's answer):

Foo[] array = list.toArray(new Foo[0]);

Is the most common idiom I see. Those who are suggesting that you use the actual list size instead of "0" are misunderstanding what's happening here. The toArray call does not care about the size or contents of the given array - it only needs its type. It would have been better if it took an actual Type in which case "Foo.class" would have been a lot clearer. Yes, this idiom generates a dummy object, but including the list size just means that you generate a larger dummy object. Again, the object is not used in any way; it's only the type that's needed.


Best thing I came up without Java 8 was:

public static <T> T[] toArray(List<T> list, Class<T> objectClass) {
    if (list == null) {
        return null;
    }

    T[] listAsArray = (T[]) Array.newInstance(objectClass, list.size());
    list.toArray(listAsArray);
    return listAsArray;
}

If anyone has a better way to do this, please share :)


An alternative in Java 8:

String[] strings = list.stream().toArray(String[]::new);

For ArrayList the following works:

ArrayList<Foo> list = new ArrayList<Foo>();

//... add values

Foo[] resultArray = new Foo[list.size()];
resultArray = list.toArray(resultArray);

You can use toArray() api as follows,

ArrayList<String> stringList = new ArrayList<String>();
stringList.add("ListItem1");
stringList.add("ListItem2");
String[] stringArray = new String[stringList.size()];
stringArray = stringList.toArray(stringList);

Values from the array are,

for(String value : stringList)
{
    System.out.println(value);
}

Either:

Foo[] array = list.toArray(new Foo[list.size()]);

or:

Foo[] array = new Foo[list.size()];
list.toArray(array); // fill the array

Note that this works only for arrays of reference types. For arrays of primitive types, use the traditional way:

List<Integer> list = ...;
int[] array = new int[list.size()];
for(int i = 0; i < list.size(); i++) array[i] = list.get(i);

I came across this code snippet that solves it.

//Creating a sample ArrayList 
List<Long> list = new ArrayList<Long>();

//Adding some long type values
list.add(100l);
list.add(200l);
list.add(300l);

//Converting the ArrayList to a Long
Long[] array = (Long[]) list.toArray(new Long[list.size()]);

//Printing the results
System.out.println(array[0] + " " + array[1] + " " + array[2]);

The conversion works as follows:

  1. It creates a new Long array, with the size of the original list
  2. It converts the original ArrayList to an array using the newly created one
  3. It casts that array into a Long array (Long[]), which I appropriately named 'array'

There are many good answers here, but I would like to point out that they can be extended very simply to achieve a lot more complex sorting. The only thing you have to do is to use the OR operator to chain comparision functions like this:

objs.sort((a,b)=> fn1(a,b) || fn2(a,b) || fn3(a,b) )

Where fn1, fn2, ... are the sort functions which return [-1,0,1]. This results in "sorting by fn1", "sorting by fn2" which is pretty much equal to ORDER BY in SQL.

This solution is based on the behaviour of || operator which evaluates to the first evaluated expression which can be converted to true.

The simplest form has only one inlined function like this:

// ORDER BY last_nom
objs.sort((a,b)=> a.last_nom.localeCompare(b.last_nom) )

Having two steps with last_nom,first_nom sort order would look like this:

// ORDER_BY last_nom, first_nom
objs.sort((a,b)=> a.last_nom.localeCompare(b.last_nom) || 
                  a.first_nom.localeCompare(b.first_nom)  )

A generic comparision function could be something like this:

// ORDER BY <n>
let cmp = (a,b,n)=>a[n].localeCompare(b[n])

This function could be extended to support numeric fields, case sensitity, arbitary datatypes etc.

You can them use it with chaining them by sort priority:

// ORDER_BY last_nom, first_nom
objs.sort((a,b)=> cmp(a,b, "last_nom") || cmp(a,b, "first_nom") )
// ORDER_BY last_nom, first_nom DESC
objs.sort((a,b)=> cmp(a,b, "last_nom") || -cmp(a,b, "first_nom") )
// ORDER_BY last_nom DESC, first_nom DESC
objs.sort((a,b)=> -cmp(a,b, "last_nom") || -cmp(a,b, "first_nom") )

The point here is that pure JavaScript with functional approach can take you a long way without external libraries or complex code. It is also very effective, since no string parsing have to be done





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