linux - How to avoid java.net.BindException:Address already in use





mac windows (6)


Socket Error::Address Already In Use

A socket is one half a channel of communication between two computers over a network on a particular port. (the other half is the corresponding socket on the other computer)

Error is very clear I suppose in this case. As mentioned Address already in use, so the the socket you are trying to connect in the second attempt is already used (port was already occupied) -> maybe due to first socket connection.

To investigate further check another SO question here and here

The following was running for 1 hour and then closed:

public class Mp extends JWindow implements MouseListener, MouseMotionListener {
    public static Mp j;
  private int serverPort = 0;
  private ServerSocket serverSock = null;
  private Socket sock = null; 

  public static void main(final String[] args) throws IOException, InterruptedException, Exception {
    j = new Mp();
    j.setVisible(true);
    j.waitForConnections();
  }

  public void waitForConnections() {
    while (true) {
      try {
        sock = serverSock.accept();
        System.out.println("[TCPMediaHandler]: Accepted new socket");
        TCPMediaHandler handler = new TCPMediaHandler(sock);
        handler.start();
      } catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace(System.err);
      }
    }
  }

  public Mp() throws IOException {
    this.serverPort = 38891;
    serverSock = new ServerSocket(serverPort);
    serverSock.setReuseAddress(true);
    //serverSock.setSoTimeout(500);
    //serverSock.setSoLinger(true, 0);
    System.out.println("[TCPMediaHandler]: Server started");      
        this.v1.setBackground(Color.BLACK);
    this.v1.addMouseListener(this);
    /* Close the window */
    this.addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
        public void windowClosing(WindowEvent we) {
          System.exit(0); 
        }
      });
  }

When I re-run the same thing it fails with a java.net.BindException:

$ java -cp /var/tmp/dist/Mp.jar test.Mp
Exception in thread "main" java.net.BindException: Address already in use
    at java.net.PlainSocketImpl.socketBind(Native Method)
    at java.net.AbstractPlainSocketImpl.bind(AbstractPlainSocketImpl.java:353)
    at java.net.ServerSocket.bind(ServerSocket.java:336)
    at java.net.ServerSocket.<init>(ServerSocket.java:202)
    at java.net.ServerSocket.<init>(ServerSocket.java:114)
    at test.Mp.<init>(Mp.java)
    at test.Mp.main(Mp.java)

It takes about 3 to 4 minutes before it will execute successfully again. How can I make it work immediately after shutting down?

Follow up:

$ netstat | grep 38891
tcp       35      0 localhost:38891         localhost:37842         CLOSE_WAIT 
tcp        0      0 localhost:34955         localhost:38891         ESTABLISHED
tcp       32      0 localhost:38891         localhost:37824         CLOSE_WAIT 
tcp        0      0 localhost:38891         localhost:34955         ESTABLISHED

$ lsof -w -n -i tcp:38891
COMMAND    PID USER   FD   TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME
xdg-scree 5254  sun   29u  IPv4 231948      0t0  TCP *:38891 (LISTEN)
xdg-scree 5355  sun   29u  IPv4 231948      0t0  TCP *:38891 (LISTEN)
xdg-scree 5455  sun   29u  IPv4 231948      0t0  TCP *:38891 (LISTEN)
telnet    7058  sun    3u  IPv4 242987      0t0  TCP 127.0.0.1:34955->127.0.0.1:38891 (ESTABLISHED)
sleep     9002  sun   29u  IPv4 231948      0t0  TCP *:38891 (LISTEN)
sleep     9005  sun   29u  IPv4 231948      0t0  TCP *:38891 (LISTEN)
sleep     9008  sun   29u  IPv4 231948      0t0  TCP *:38891 (LISTEN)



I had a similar problem in one of my programs, but it ended up that I was just actually running an instance of the program from my IDE - which I hadn't noticed. Always double check there isn't something running in the background.




You can't share a TCP listening port between two processes even with SO_REUSEADDR.

NB shutdown() does not close a TCP session. It half-closes it. You have to close the socket.




Close ServerSocket in java

It should work (at least it works for me).

I guess you have a suspended debugging session of your code somewhere in your IDE.




You will see that your setReuseAddress(true) is being called too late i.e. after the bind throws an exception.

You can create an unbound ServerSocket, make it reusable and then bind it, in three steps.

ServerSocket ss = new ServerSocket();
ss.setReuseAddress(true);
ss.bind(new InetSocketAddress(12345));



Guava has tryParse(String), which returns null if the string couldn't be parsed, for example:

Integer fooInt = Ints.tryParse(fooString);
if (fooInt != null) {
  ...
}