c# without - HttpClient.GetAsync(…)never returns when using await/async




not working (5)

Since you are using .Result or .Wait or await this will end up causing a deadlock in your code.

you can use ConfigureAwait(false) in async methods for preventing deadlock

like this:

var result = await httpClient.GetAsync("http://stackoverflow.com", HttpCompletionOption.ResponseHeadersRead).ConfigureAwait(false);

you can use ConfigureAwait(false) wherever possible for Don't Block Async Code .

Edit: This question looks like it might be the same problem, but has no responses...

Edit: In test case 5 the task appears to be stuck in WaitingForActivation state.

I've encountered some odd behaviour using the System.Net.Http.HttpClient in .NET 4.5 - where "awaiting" the result of a call to (e.g.) httpClient.GetAsync(...) will never return.

This only occurs in certain circumstances when using the new async/await language functionality and Tasks API - the code always seems to work when using only continuations.

Here's some code which reproduces the problem - drop this into a new "MVC 4 WebApi project" in Visual Studio 11 to expose the following GET endpoints:

/api/test1
/api/test2
/api/test3
/api/test4
/api/test5 <--- never completes
/api/test6

Each of the endpoints here return the same data (the response headers from .com) except for /api/test5 which never completes.

Have I encountered a bug in the HttpClient class, or am I misusing the API in some way?

Code to reproduce:

public class BaseApiController : ApiController
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Retrieves data using continuations
    /// </summary>
    protected Task<string> Continuations_GetSomeDataAsync()
    {
        var httpClient = new HttpClient();

        var t = httpClient.GetAsync("http://.com", HttpCompletionOption.ResponseHeadersRead);

        return t.ContinueWith(t1 => t1.Result.Content.Headers.ToString());
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Retrieves data using async/await
    /// </summary>
    protected async Task<string> AsyncAwait_GetSomeDataAsync()
    {
        var httpClient = new HttpClient();

        var result = await httpClient.GetAsync("http://.com", HttpCompletionOption.ResponseHeadersRead);

        return result.Content.Headers.ToString();
    }
}

public class Test1Controller : BaseApiController
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Handles task using Async/Await
    /// </summary>
    public async Task<string> Get()
    {
        var data = await Continuations_GetSomeDataAsync();

        return data;
    }
}

public class Test2Controller : BaseApiController
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Handles task by blocking the thread until the task completes
    /// </summary>
    public string Get()
    {
        var task = Continuations_GetSomeDataAsync();

        var data = task.GetAwaiter().GetResult();

        return data;
    }
}

public class Test3Controller : BaseApiController
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Passes the task back to the controller host
    /// </summary>
    public Task<string> Get()
    {
        return Continuations_GetSomeDataAsync();
    }
}

public class Test4Controller : BaseApiController
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Handles task using Async/Await
    /// </summary>
    public async Task<string> Get()
    {
        var data = await AsyncAwait_GetSomeDataAsync();

        return data;
    }
}

public class Test5Controller : BaseApiController
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Handles task by blocking the thread until the task completes
    /// </summary>
    public string Get()
    {
        var task = AsyncAwait_GetSomeDataAsync();

        var data = task.GetAwaiter().GetResult();

        return data;
    }
}

public class Test6Controller : BaseApiController
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Passes the task back to the controller host
    /// </summary>
    public Task<string> Get()
    {
        return AsyncAwait_GetSomeDataAsync();
    }
}


These two schools are not really excluding.

Here is the scenario where you simply have to use

   Task.Run(() => AsyncOperation()).Wait(); 

or something like

   AsyncContext.Run(AsyncOperation);

I have a MVC action that is under database transaction attribute. The idea was (probably) to roll back everything done in the action if something goes wrong. This does not allow context switching, otherwise transaction rollback or commit is going to fail itself.

The library I need is async as it is expected to run async.

The only option. Run it as a normal sync call.

I am just saying to each its own.


You are misusing the API.

Here's the situation: in ASP.NET, only one thread can handle a request at a time. You can do some parallel processing if necessary (borrowing additional threads from the thread pool), but only one thread would have the request context (the additional threads do not have the request context).

This is managed by the ASP.NET SynchronizationContext.

By default, when you await a Task, the method resumes on a captured SynchronizationContext (or a captured TaskScheduler, if there is no SynchronizationContext). Normally, this is just what you want: an asynchronous controller action will await something, and when it resumes, it resumes with the request context.

So, here's why test5 fails:

  • Test5Controller.Get executes AsyncAwait_GetSomeDataAsync (within the ASP.NET request context).
  • AsyncAwait_GetSomeDataAsync executes HttpClient.GetAsync (within the ASP.NET request context).
  • The HTTP request is sent out, and HttpClient.GetAsync returns an uncompleted Task.
  • AsyncAwait_GetSomeDataAsync awaits the Task; since it is not complete, AsyncAwait_GetSomeDataAsync returns an uncompleted Task.
  • Test5Controller.Get blocks the current thread until that Task completes.
  • The HTTP response comes in, and the Task returned by HttpClient.GetAsync is completed.
  • AsyncAwait_GetSomeDataAsync attempts to resume within the ASP.NET request context. However, there is already a thread in that context: the thread blocked in Test5Controller.Get.
  • Deadlock.

Here's why the other ones work:

  • (test1, test2, and test3): Continuations_GetSomeDataAsync schedules the continuation to the thread pool, outside the ASP.NET request context. This allows the Task returned by Continuations_GetSomeDataAsync to complete without having to re-enter the request context.
  • (test4 and test6): Since the Task is awaited, the ASP.NET request thread is not blocked. This allows AsyncAwait_GetSomeDataAsync to use the ASP.NET request context when it is ready to continue.

And here's the best practices:

  1. In your "library" async methods, use ConfigureAwait(false) whenever possible. In your case, this would change AsyncAwait_GetSomeDataAsync to be var result = await httpClient.GetAsync("http://.com", HttpCompletionOption.ResponseHeadersRead).ConfigureAwait(false);
  2. Don't block on Tasks; it's async all the way down. In other words, use await instead of GetResult (Task.Result and Task.Wait should also be replaced with await).

That way, you get both benefits: the continuation (the remainder of the AsyncAwait_GetSomeDataAsync method) is run on a basic thread pool thread that doesn't have to enter the ASP.NET request context; and the controller itself is async (which doesn't block a request thread).

More information:

Update 2012-07-13: Incorporated this answer into a blog post.


I guess the question arises, why would you need to do this? The reason for async in C# 5.0 is so you can await a result. This method is not actually asynchronous, but simply called at a time so as not to interfere too much with the current thread.

Perhaps it may be better to start a thread and leave it to finish on its own.





c# .net asynchronous async-await dotnet-httpclient