javascript - change - set selected value of dropdown in jquery




jQuery Get Selected Option From Dropdown (16)

Reading the value (not the text) of a select:

var status = $("#Status").val();
var status = $("#Status")[0].value;
var status = $('#Status option:selected').val();

How to disable a select? in both variants, value can be changed using:

A

User can not interact with the dropdown. And he doesn't know what other options might exists.

$('#Status').prop('disabled', true);

B

User can see the options in the dropdown but all of them are disabled:

$('#Status option').attr('disabled', true);

In this case, $("#Status").val() will only work for jQuery versions smaller than 1.9.0. All other variants will work.

How to update a disabled select?

From code behind you can still update the value in your select. It is disabled only for users:

$("#Status").val(2);

In some cases you might need to fire events:

$("#Status").val(2).change();

Usually I use $("#id").val() to return the value of the selected option, but this time it doesn't work. The selected tag has the id aioConceptName

html code

<label>Name</label>
<input type="text" name="name" />
<select id="aioConceptName">
    <option>choose io</option>
    <option>roma</option>
    <option>totti</option>
</select>

Set the values for each of the options

<select id="aioConceptName">
    <option value="0">choose io</option>
    <option value="1">roma</option>
    <option value="2">totti</option>
</select>

$('#aioConceptName').val() didn't work because .val() returns the value attribute. To have it work properly, the value attributes must be set on each <option>.

Now you can call $('#aioConceptName').val() instead of all this :selected voodoo being suggested by others.


For dropdown options you probably want something like this:

var conceptName = $('#aioConceptName').find(":selected").text();

The reason val() doesn't do the trick is because clicking an option doesn't change the value of the dropdown--it just adds the :selected property to the selected option which is a child of the dropdown.



I stumbled across this question and developed a more concise version of Elliot BOnneville's answer:

var conceptName = $('#aioConceptName :selected').text();

or generically:

$('#id :pseudoclass')

This saves you an extra jQuery call, selects everything in one shot, and is more clear (my opinion).


If you are in event context, in jQuery, you can retrieve the selected option element using :
$(this).find('option:selected') like this :

$('dropdown_selector').change(function() {
    //Use $option (with the "$") to see that the variable is a jQuery object
    var $option = $(this).find('option:selected');
    //Added with the EDIT
    var value = $option.val();//to get content of "value" attrib
    var text = $option.text();//to get <option>Text</option> content
});

Edit

As mentioned by PossessWithin, My answer just answer to the question : How to select selected "Option".

Next, to get the option value, use option.val().


Just this should work:

var conceptName = $('#aioConceptName').val();

Probably your best bet with this kind of scenario is to use jQuery's change method to find the currently selected value, like so:

$('#aioConceptName').change(function(){

   //get the selected val using jQuery's 'this' method and assign to a var
   var selectedVal = $(this).val();

   //perform the rest of your operations using aforementioned var

});

I prefer this method because you can then perform functions for each selected option in a given select field.

Hope that helps!


Use the jQuery.val() function for select elements, too:

The .val() method is primarily used to get the values of form elements such as input, select and textarea. In the case of select elements, it returns null when no option is selected and an array containing the value of each selected option when there is at least one and it is possible to select more because the multiple attribute is present.

$(function() {
  $("#aioConceptName").on("change", function() {
    $("#debug").text($("#aioConceptName").val());
  }).trigger("change");
});
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.9.1/jquery.min.js"></script>

<select id="aioConceptName">
  <option>choose io</option>
  <option>roma</option>
  <option>totti</option>
</select>
<div id="debug"></div>

Using jQuery, just add a change event and get selected value or text within that handler.

If you need selected text, please use this code:

$("#aioConceptName").change(function () {
    alert($("#aioConceptName :selected").text())
});

Or if you need selected value, please use this code:

$("#aioConceptName").change(function () {
    alert($("#aioConceptName :selected").attr('value'))
});

You can select using exact selected option : Below will give innerText

$("select#aioConceptName > option:selected").text()

While below will give you value.

$("select#aioConceptName > option:selected").val()

You can try to debug it this way:

console.log($('#aioConceptName option:selected').val())

to fetch a select with same class= name you could do this, to check if a select option is selected.

var bOK = true;
$('.optKategorien').each(function(index,el){
    if($(el).find(":selected").text() == "") {
        bOK = false;
    }
});

try to this one

$(document).ready(function() {

    $("#name option").filter(function() {
        return $(this).val() == $("#firstname").val();
    }).attr('selected', true);

    $("#name").live("change", function() {

        $("#firstname").val($(this).find("option:selected").attr("value"));
    });
});


<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.3.0/jquery.min.js"></script>
<select id="name" name="name"> 
<option value="">Please select...</option> 
<option value="Elvis">Elvis</option> 
<option value="Frank">Frank</option> 
<option value="Jim">Jim</option> 
</select>

<input type="text" id="firstname" name="firstname" value="Elvis" readonly="readonly">

$('#aioConceptName option:selected').val();

<select id="form-s" multiple="multiple">
    <option selected>city1</option>
    <option selected value="c2">city2</option>
    <option value="c3">city3</option>
</select>   
<select id="aioConceptName">
    <option value="s1" selected >choose io</option>
    <option value="s2">roma </option>
    <option value="s3">totti</option>
</select>
<select id="test">
    <option value="s4">paloma</option>
    <option value="s5" selected >foo</option>
    <option value="s6">bar</option>
</select>
<script>
$('select').change(function() {
    var a=$(':selected').text(); // "city1city2choose iofoo"
    var b=$(':selected').val();  // "city1" - selects just first query !
    //but..
    var c=$(':selected').map(function(){ // ["city1","city2","choose io","foo"]
        return $(this).text();
    }); 
    var d=$(':selected').map(function(){ // ["city1","c2","s1","s5"]
        return $(this).val();
    });
    console.log(a,b,c,d);
});
</script>




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