excel - with - vba select last cell in range
Error in finding last used cell in VBA (8)
When I want to find the last used cell value, I use:
Dim LastRow As Long LastRow = Range("E4:E48").End(xlDown).Row Debug.Print LastRow
I am getting the wrong output when I put a single element into a cell. But when I put more than one value into the cell, the output is correct. What's the reason behind this?
As to the correct way of finding the last used cell, one has first to decide what is considered used, and then select a suitable method. I conceive at least three meanings:
Used = non-blank, i.e., having data.
Used = "... in use, meaning the section that contains data or formatting." As per official documentation, this is the criterion used by Excel at the time of saving. See also this. If one is not aware of this, the criterion may produce unexpected results, but it may also be intentionally exploited (less often, surely), e.g., to highlight or print specific regions, which may eventually have no data. And, of course, it is desirable as a criterion for the range to use when saving a workbook, lest losing part of one's work.
Used = "... in use, meaning the section that contains data or formatting" or conditional formatting. Same as 2., but also including cells that are the target for any Conditional Formatting rule.
How to find the last used cell depends on what you want (your criterion).
For criterion 1, I suggest reading this answer.
UsedRange is cited as unreliable. I think that is misleading (i.e., "unfair" to
UsedRange is simply not meant to report the last cell containing data. So it should not be used in this case, as indicated in that answer. See also this comment.
For criterion 2,
UsedRange is the most reliable option, as compared to other options also designed for this use. It even makes it unnecessary to save a workbook to make sure that the last cell is updated.
Ctrl+End will go to a wrong cell prior to saving
(“The last cell is not reset until you save the worksheet”, from
It is an old reference, but in this respect valid).
For criterion 3, I do not know any built-in method.
Criterion 2 does not account for Conditional Formatting. One may have formatted cells, based on formulas, which are not detected by
UsedRange or Ctrl+End.
In the figure, the last cell is B3, since formatting was applied explicitly to it. Cells B6:D7 have a format derived from a Conditional Formatting rule, and this is not detected even by
Accounting for this would require some VBA programming.
As to your specific question: What's the reason behind this?
Your code uses the first cell in your range E4:E48 as a trampoline, for jumping down with
The "erroneous" output will obtain if there are no non-blank cells in your range other than perhaps the first. Then, you are leaping in the dark, i.e., down the worksheet (you should note the difference between blank and empty string!).
If your range contains non-contiguous non-blank cells, then it will also give a wrong result.
If there is only one non-blank cell, but it is not the first one, your code will still give you the correct result.
NOTE: I intend to make this a "one stop post" where you can use the
Correct way to find the last row. This will also cover the best practices to follow when finding the last row. And hence I will keep on updating it whenever I come across a new scenario/information.
Unreliable ways of finding the last row
Some of the most common ways of finding last row which are highly unreliable and hence should never be used.
UsedRange should NEVER be used to find the last cell which has data. It is highly unreliable. Try this experiment.
Type something in cell
A5. Now when you calculate the last row with any of the methods given below, it will give you 5. Now color the cell
A10 red. If you now use the any of the below code, you will still get 5. If you use
Usedrange.Rows.Count what do you get? It won't be 5.
Here is a scenario to show how
xlDown is equally unreliable.
Consider this code
lastrow = Range("A1").End(xlDown).Row
What would happen if there was only one cell (
A1) which had data? You will end up reaching the last row in the worksheet! It's like selecting cell
A1 and then pressing End key and then pressing Down Arrow key. This will also give you unreliable results if there are blank cells in a range.
CountA is also unreliable because it will give you incorrect result if there are blank cells in between.
And hence one should avoid the use of
CountA to find the last cell.
Find Last Row in a Column
To find the last Row in Col E use this
With Sheets("Sheet1") LastRow = .Range("E" & .Rows.Count).End(xlUp).Row End With
If you notice that we have a
Rows.Count. We often chose to ignore that. See THIS question on the possible error that you may get. I always advise using
Columns.Count. That question is a classic scenario where the code will fail because the
65536 for Excel 2003 and earlier and
1048576 for Excel 2007 and later. Similarly
The above fact that Excel 2007+ has
1048576 rows also emphasizes on the fact that we should always declare the variable which will hold the row value as
Long instead of
Integer else you will get an
Find Last Row in a Sheet
To find the
Effective last row in the sheet, use this. Notice the use of
Application.WorksheetFunction.CountA(.Cells). This is required because if there are no cells with data in the worksheet then
.Find will give you
Run Time Error 91: Object Variable or With block variable not set
With Sheets("Sheet1") If Application.WorksheetFunction.CountA(.Cells) <> 0 Then lastrow = .Cells.Find(What:="*", _ After:=.Range("A1"), _ Lookat:=xlPart, _ LookIn:=xlFormulas, _ SearchOrder:=xlByRows, _ SearchDirection:=xlPrevious, _ MatchCase:=False).Row Else lastrow = 1 End If End With
Find Last Row in a Table (ListObject)
The same principles apply, for example to get the last row in the third column of a table:
Sub FindLastRowInExcelTableColAandB() Dim lastRow As Long Dim ws As Worksheet, tbl as ListObject Set ws = Sheets("Sheet1") 'Modify as needed 'Assuming the name of the table is "Table1", modify as needed Set tbl = ws.ListObjects("Table1") With tbl.ListColumns(3).Range lastrow = .Find(What:="*", _ After:=.Cells(1), _ Lookat:=xlPart, _ LookIn:=xlFormulas, _ SearchOrder:=xlByRows, _ SearchDirection:=xlPrevious, _ MatchCase:=False).Row End With End Sub
However this question is seeking to find the last row using VBA, I think it would be good to include an array formula for worksheet function as this gets visited frequently:
You need to enter the formula without brackets and then hit Shift + Ctrl + Enter to make it an array formula.
This will give you address of last used cell in the column D.
I created this one-stop function for determining the last row, column and cell, be it for data, formatted (grouped/commented/hidden) cells or conditional formatting.
Sub LastCellMsg() Dim strResult As String Dim lngDataRow As Long Dim lngDataCol As Long Dim strDataCell As String Dim strDataFormatRow As String Dim lngDataFormatCol As Long Dim strDataFormatCell As String Dim oFormatCond As FormatCondition Dim lngTempRow As Long Dim lngTempCol As Long Dim lngCFRow As Long Dim lngCFCol As Long Dim strCFCell As String Dim lngOverallRow As Long Dim lngOverallCol As Long Dim strOverallCell As String With ActiveSheet If .ListObjects.Count > 0 Then MsgBox "Cannot return reliable results, as there is at least one table in the worksheet." Exit Sub End If strResult = "Workbook name: " & .Parent.Name & vbCrLf strResult = strResult & "Sheet name: " & .Name & vbCrLf 'DATA: 'last data row If Application.WorksheetFunction.CountA(.Cells) <> 0 Then lngDataRow = .Cells.Find(What:="*", _ After:=.Range("A1"), _ Lookat:=xlPart, _ LookIn:=xlFormulas, _ SearchOrder:=xlByRows, _ SearchDirection:=xlPrevious, _ MatchCase:=False).Row Else lngDataRow = 1 End If 'strResult = strResult & "Last data row: " & lngDataRow & vbCrLf 'last data column If Application.WorksheetFunction.CountA(.Cells) <> 0 Then lngDataCol = .Cells.Find(What:="*", _ After:=.Range("A1"), _ Lookat:=xlPart, _ LookIn:=xlFormulas, _ SearchOrder:=xlByColumns, _ SearchDirection:=xlPrevious, _ MatchCase:=False).Column Else lngDataCol = 1 End If 'strResult = strResult & "Last data column: " & lngDataCol & vbCrLf 'last data cell strDataCell = Replace(Cells(lngDataRow, lngDataCol).Address, "$", vbNullString) strResult = strResult & "Last data cell: " & strDataCell & vbCrLf 'FORMATS: 'last data/formatted/grouped/commented/hidden row strDataFormatRow = StrReverse(Split(StrReverse(.UsedRange.Address), "$")(0)) 'strResult = strResult & "Last data/formatted row: " & strDataFormatRow & vbCrLf 'last data/formatted/grouped/commented/hidden column lngDataFormatCol = Range(StrReverse(Split(StrReverse(.UsedRange.Address), "$")(1)) & "1").Column 'strResult = strResult & "Last data/formatted column: " & lngDataFormatCol & vbCrLf 'last data/formatted/grouped/commented/hidden cell strDataFormatCell = Replace(Cells(strDataFormatRow, lngDataFormatCol).Address, "$", vbNullString) strResult = strResult & "Last data/formatted cell: " & strDataFormatCell & vbCrLf 'CONDITIONAL FORMATS: For Each oFormatCond In .Cells.FormatConditions 'last conditionally-formatted row lngTempRow = CLng(StrReverse(Split(StrReverse(oFormatCond.AppliesTo.Address), "$")(0))) If lngTempRow > lngCFRow Then lngCFRow = lngTempRow 'last conditionally-formatted column lngTempCol = Range(StrReverse(Split(StrReverse(oFormatCond.AppliesTo.Address), "$")(1)) & "1").Column If lngTempCol > lngCFCol Then lngCFCol = lngTempCol Next 'no results are returned for Conditional Format if there is no such If lngCFRow <> 0 Then 'strResult = strResult & "Last cond-formatted row: " & lngCFRow & vbCrLf 'strResult = strResult & "Last cond-formatted column: " & lngCFCol & vbCrLf 'last conditionally-formatted cell strCFCell = Replace(Cells(lngCFRow, lngCFCol).Address, "$", vbNullString) strResult = strResult & "Last cond-formatted cell: " & strCFCell & vbCrLf End If 'OVERALL: lngOverallRow = Application.WorksheetFunction.Max(lngDataRow, strDataFormatRow, lngCFRow) 'strResult = strResult & "Last overall row: " & lngOverallRow & vbCrLf lngOverallCol = Application.WorksheetFunction.Max(lngDataCol, lngDataFormatCol, lngCFCol) 'strResult = strResult & "Last overall column: " & lngOverallCol & vbCrLf strOverallCell = Replace(.Cells(lngOverallRow, lngOverallCol).Address, "$", vbNullString) strResult = strResult & "Last overall cell: " & strOverallCell & vbCrLf MsgBox strResult Debug.Print strResult End With End Sub
Results look like this:
For more detailed results, some lines in the code can be uncommented:
One limitation exists - if there are tables in the sheet, results can become unreliable, so I decided to avoid running the code in this case:
If .ListObjects.Count > 0 Then MsgBox "Cannot return reliable results, as there is at least one table in the worksheet." Exit Sub End If
I wonder that nobody has mentioned this, But the easiest way of getting the last used cell is:
Function GetLastCell(sh as Worksheet) As Range GetLastCell = sh.Cells(1,1).SpecialCells(xlLastCell) End Function
This essentially returns the same cell that you get by Ctrl + End after selecting Cell
A word of caution: Excel keeps track of the most bottom-right cell that was ever used in a worksheet. So if for example you enter something in B3 and something else in H8 and then later on delete the contents of H8, pressing Ctrl + End will still take you to H8 cell. The above function will have the same behavior.
I would add to the answer given by Siddarth Rout to say that the CountA call can be skipped by having Find return a Range object, instead of a row number, and then test the returned Range object to see if it is Nothing (blank worksheet).
Also, I would have my version of any LastRow procedure return a zero for a blank worksheet, then I can know it is blank.
Since the original question is about problems with finding the last cell, in this answer I will list the various ways you can get unexpected results; see my answer to "How can I find last row that contains data in the Excel sheet with a macro?" for my take on solving this.
[...] one has first to decide what is considered used. I see at least 6 meanings. Cell has:
- 1) data, i.e., a formula, possibly resulting in a blank value;
- 2) a value, i.e., a non-blank formula or constant;
- 3) formatting;
- 4) conditional formatting;
- 5) a shape (including Comment) overlapping the cell;
- 6) involvement in a Table (List Object).
Which combination do you want to test for? Some (such as Tables) may be more difficult to test for, and some may be rare (such as a shape outside of data range), but others may vary based on the situation (e.g., formulas with blank values).
Other things you might want to consider:
- A) Can there be hidden rows (e.g. autofilter), blank cells or blank rows?
- B) What kind of performance is acceptable?
- C) Can the VBA macro affect the workbook or the application settings in any way?
With that in mind, let's see how the common ways of getting the "last cell" can produce unexpected results:
.End(xlDown)code from the question will break most easily (e.g. with a single non-empty cell or when there are blank cells in between) for the reasons explained in the answer by Siddharth Rout here (search for "xlDown is equally unreliable.") 👎
- Any solution based on
.CurrentRegionwill also break in presence of blank cells or rows 👎
- A solution involving
.End(xlUp)to search backwards from the end of a column will, just as CTRL+UP, look for data (formulas producing a blank value are considered "data") in visible rows (so using it with autofilter enabled might produce incorrect results ⚠️).
You have to take care to avoid the standard pitfalls (for details I'll again refer to the answer by Siddharth Rout here, look for the "Find Last Row in a Column" section), such as hard-coding the last row (
Range("A65536").End(xlUp)) instead of relying on
.SpecialCells(xlLastCell)is equivalent to CTRL+END, returning the bottom-most and right-most cell of the "used range", so all caveats that apply to relying on the "used range", apply to this method as well. In addition, the "used range" is only reset when saving the workbook and when accessing
xlLastCellmight produce stale results⚠️ with unsaved modifications (e.g. after some rows were deleted). See the nearby answer by dotNET.
sht.UsedRange(described in detail in the answer by sancho.s here) considers both data and formatting (though not conditional formatting) and resets the "used range" of the worksheet, which may or may not be what you want.
Note that a common mistake ️is to use
.UsedRange.Rows.Count⚠️, which returns the number of rows in the used range, not the last row number (they will be different if the first few rows are blank), for details see newguy's answer to How can I find last row that contains data in the Excel sheet with a macro?
.Findallows you to find the last row with any data (including formulas) or a non-blank value in any column. You can choose if you're interested in formulas or values, but the catch is that it resets the defaults in the Excel's Find dialog ️️⚠️, which can be highly confusing to your users. It also need to be used carefully, see the answer by Siddharth Rout here (section "Find Last Row in a Sheet")
- More explicit solutions that check individual
Cells' in a loop are generally slower than re-using an Excel function (although can still be performant), but let you specify exactly what you want to find. See my solution based on
UsedRangeand VBA arrays to find the last cell with data in the given column -- it handles hidden rows, filters, blanks, does not modify the Find defaults and is quite performant.
Whatever solution you pick, be careful
- to use
Integerto store the row numbers (to avoid getting
Overflowwith more than 65k rows) and
- to always specify the worksheet you're working with (i.e.
Dim ws As Worksheet ... ws.Range(...)instead of
- when using
.Value(which is a
Variant) avoid implicit casts like
.Value <> ""as they will fail if the cell contains an error value.
Sub lastRow() Dim i As Long i = Cells(Rows.Count, 1).End(xlUp).Row MsgBox i End Sub sub LastRow() 'Paste & for better understanding of the working use F8 Key to run the code . dim WS as worksheet dim i as long set ws = thisworkbook("SheetName") ws.activate ws.range("a1").select ws.range("a1048576").select activecell.end(xlup).select i= activecell.row msgbox "My Last Row Is " & i End sub