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Entity Framework Provider type could not be loaded? (20)

I am trying to run my tests on TeamCity which is currently installed on my machine.

System.InvalidOperationException:

The Entity Framework provider type 'System.Data.Entity.SqlServer.SqlProviderServices, EntityFramework.SqlServer, Version=6.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089' for the 'System.Data.SqlClient' ADO.NET provider could not be loaded. Make sure the provider assembly is available to the running application.

See http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=260882 for more information..

I have no reference to System.Data.Entity in any of my projects as was suggested on codeplex for upgrading to EF6.

So, I am not sure why am I getting this exception. I do not get any such exception when I run the tests from VS.

I did try to set CopyLocal to false then again to true.. but that does not seem to work either.

Update

My app.config has the following . Does this cause some behavior that I don't understand ?

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<configuration>
  <configSections>
    <section name="entityFramework" type="System.Data.Entity.Internal.ConfigFile.EntityFrameworkSection, EntityFramework, Version=6.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089" requirePermission="false" />
    <!-- For more information on Entity Framework configuration, visit http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=237468 -->
  </configSections>
  <entityFramework>
    <defaultConnectionFactory type="System.Data.Entity.Infrastructure.SqlConnectionFactory, EntityFramework" />
  </entityFramework>
</configuration>

I get the following stacktrace in teamcity .

[MSTest] IntegrationTests.CrudTest+QuestionTest.Create
[03:59:11][IntegrationTests.CrudTest+QuestionTest.Create] Initialization method IntegrationTests.CrudTest+QuestionTest.Initialize threw exception. System.InvalidOperationException: System.InvalidOperationException: The Entity Framework provider type 'System.Data.Entity.SqlServer.SqlProviderServices, EntityFramework.SqlServer, Version=6.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089' for the 'System.Data.SqlClient' ADO.NET provider could not be loaded. Make sure the provider assembly is available to the running application. See http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=260882 for more information..
[03:59:11]
[IntegrationTests.CrudTest+QuestionTest.Create]     at System.Data.Entity.Config.ProviderServicesFactory.GetInstance(String providerTypeName, String providerInvariantName)
   at System.Data.Entity.Config.ProviderServicesFactory.GetInstanceByConvention(String providerInvariantName)
   at System.Data.Entity.Config.DefaultProviderServicesResolver.GetService(Type type, Object key)
   at System.Data.Entity.Config.CachingDependencyResolver.<>c__DisplayClass1.<GetService>b__0(Tuple`2 k)
   at System.Collections.Concurrent.ConcurrentDictionary`2.GetOrAdd(TKey key, Func`2 valueFactory)
   at System.Data.Entity.Config.CachingDependencyResolver.GetService(Type type, Object key)
   at System.Data.Entity.Config.ResolverChain.<>c__DisplayClass3.<GetService>b__0(IDbDependencyResolver r)
   at System.Linq.Enumerable.WhereSelectArrayIterator`2.MoveNext()
   at System.Linq.Enumerable.FirstOrDefault[TSource](IEnumerable`1 source, Func`2 predicate)
   at System.Data.Entity.Config.ResolverChain.GetService(Type type, Object key)
   at System.Data.Entity.Config.RootDependencyResolver.GetService(Type type, Object key)
   at System.Data.Entity.Config.ResolverChain.<>c__DisplayClass3.<GetService>b__0(IDbDependencyResolver r)
   at System.Linq.Enumerable.WhereSelectArrayIterator`2.MoveNext()
   at System.Linq.Enumerable.FirstOrDefault[TSource](IEnumerable`1 source, Func`2 predicate)
   at System.Data.Entity.Config.ResolverChain.GetService(Type type, Object key)
   at System.Data.Entity.Config.CompositeResolver`2.GetService(Type type, Object key)
   at System.Data.Entity.Config.IDbDependencyResolverExtensions.GetService[T](IDbDependencyResolver resolver, Object key)
   at System.Data.Entity.Config.InternalConfiguration.GetService[TService](Object key)
   at System.Data.Entity.Config.DbConfiguration.GetService[TService](Object key)
   at System.Data.Entity.Utilities.DbProviderFactoryExtensions.GetProviderServices(DbProviderFactory factory)
   at System.Data.Entity.Infrastructure.DefaultManifestTokenService.GetProviderManifestToken(DbConnection connection)
   at System.Data.Entity.Utilities.DbConnectionExtensions.GetProviderInfo(DbConnection connection, DbProviderManifest& providerManifest)
   at System.Data.Entity.DbModelBuilder.Build(DbConnection providerConnection)
   at System.Data.Entity.Internal.LazyInternalContext.CreateModel(LazyInternalContext internalContext)
   at System.Data.Entity.Internal.RetryLazy`2.GetValue(TInput input)
   at System.Data.Entity.Internal.LazyInternalContext.InitializeContext()
   at System.Data.Entity.Internal.InternalContext.GetEntitySetAndBaseTypeForType(Type entityType)
   at System.Data.Entity.Internal.Linq.InternalSet`1.Initialize()
   at System.Data.Entity.Internal.Linq.InternalSet`1.get_InternalContext()
   at System.Data.Entity.Internal.Linq.InternalSet`1.ActOnSet(Action action, EntityState newState, Object entity, String methodName)
   at System.Data.Entity.Internal.Linq.InternalSet`1.Add(Object entity)
   at System.Data.Entity.DbSet`1.Add(TEntity entity)
   at EFRepository.Infrastructure.EFRepository`1.Add(T item) in c:\TeamCity\buildAgent\work\da2ea4e72c0e77f0\Repository\Infrastructure\EFRepository.cs:line 22
   at IntegrationTests.CrudTest.Initialize() in c:\TeamCity\buildAgent\work\da2ea4e72c0e77f0\IntegrationTests\CrudTest.cs:line 34

Adding Entityframework.dll and Entityframework.sqlserver.dll to the reference project solved the issue.


Additional to all useful suggestions here, if you are using EF 6.1.3, get sure your project's .net version is 4.5 or more.


I also had a similar problem

My problem was solved by doing the following:


I checked Debug Output window in Unit Test project. EntityFramework.SqlServer.dll was not loaded. After adding it to the bin folder tests were run successfully.


I finally resolved this. Turns out, I had an erroneous implementation of IDIsposable in my repository class. I fixed that. The erroneous implementation caused a exception since I wasn't disposing off resources properly. This caused VS not to run the tests and the test execution engine crashed.

I filed it with Microsoft here ( this was before I got the correct solution). connect.microsoft.com/VisualStudio/feedback/details/775868/vs-test-execution-crashes-in-vs-2012#details

Anyway, the builds now run fine on teamcity. ALthough, I am still curious why neither VS Test execution engine had a graceful way of telling me what was happening not Team City.

I discovered the root cause by manually debugging the test ( which I only realised after so many days , the fix took me 5 seconds).

Hopefully this will help someone who comes across such issues.


I had same isssue i tried many times but it did not resolve but when i install the package EntityFramework.SqlServerCompact it solved install this package from Nuget package Manager.

Install-Package EntityFramework.SqlServerCompact

I have problem, because I don't add reference to EntityFramework.sqlServer.dll. When I develop program, it works. But when I publish app and install it, it throws error.

I just add reference and Build and Publish again.


I have solved this by manually copying EntityFramework.SqlServer.dll file to the bin folder of the main application.


I see similar problem, and using the method from this post: (http://entityframework.codeplex.com/workitem/1590), which solves my problem.

To work around the issue you can make your test assembly directly reference the provider assembly by adding some line like this anywhere in the test assembly: var _ = System.Data.Entity.SqlServer.SqlProviderServices.Instance;


I solved this by adding an using stament on top of my DBContext class, like so:

using SqlProviderServices= System.Data.Entity.SqlServer.SqlProviderServices;

I was working on the Contoso University tutorial offline and encountered the same issue when trying to create my first controller using EF. I had to use the Package Manager Console to load EF from the nuget cache and created a connection string to my local instance of SQL Server, my point here is my webConfig setting for EF may not be set as you all out there but I was able to resolve my issue by completely deleting the "providers" section within "entityFramework"

Robert


I've used Code-based registration for provider. link1 link2

Just created the configuration class like

class DbContextConfiguration : DbConfiguration
{
    public DbContextConfiguration()
    {
        this.SetDatabaseInitializer(new DropCreateDatabaseAlways<MyDbContext>());
        this.SetProviderServices(SqlProviderServices.ProviderInvariantName, SqlProviderServices.Instance);
    }
}

Key point is this.SetProviderServices(SqlProviderServices.ProviderInvariantName, SqlProviderServices.Instance);

and used it in the such way

[DbConfigurationType(typeof(DbContextConfiguration))]
public class MyDbContext : DbContext
{
    public MyDbContext()
    {
        ...
    }

    public DbSet<...> ...{ get; set; }

    protected override void OnModelCreating(DbModelBuilder modelBuilder)
    {
        ...
    }
}

In my case I resolved the problem by installing SQL Server 2012 Developer Edition when I had previously installed SQL Server Express 2012 (x64). It seems that provided me with the missing dependency.


Late to the party, but the top voted answers all seemed like hacks to me.

All I did was remove the following from my app.config in the test project. Worked.

  <entityFramework>
    <defaultConnectionFactory type="System.Data.Entity.Infrastructure.LocalDbConnectionFactory, EntityFramework">
      <parameters>
        <parameter value="mssqllocaldb" />
      </parameters>
    </defaultConnectionFactory>
    <providers>
      <provider invariantName="System.Data.SqlClient" type="System.Data.Entity.SqlServer.SqlProviderServices, EntityFramework.SqlServer" />
    </providers>
  </entityFramework>

My solution was to remove the entity framework from the project via the nuget manager and add it back in.


Nuget will configure your EF6 project to reference EntityFramework.SqlServer.dll. This deploys to the output folder for your EF6 project during build, but it will not deploy to the output folder for projects referencing your EF6 project. I believe this is because Visual Studio is "smart" enough to detect that nothing in your assembly is actually using the dll directly and so does not include it. You can force EntityFramework.SqlServer.dll to be deployed to the output folder of projects referencing your EF6 project (unit tests, UI's etc.) by adding code to your EF6 project that uses EntityFramework.SqlServer.dll. Be careful not to put the code in a generated class as you risk losing it on next regen. I chose to add the following class to the assembly, which fixed the problem.

using System.Data.Entity.SqlServer;

internal static class MissingDllHack
{
    // Must reference a type in EntityFramework.SqlServer.dll so that this dll will be
    // included in the output folder of referencing projects without requiring a direct 
    // dependency on Entity Framework. See http://.com/a/22315164/1141360.
    private static SqlProviderServices instance = SqlProviderServices.Instance;
}

Simply reference or browser the EF dll - EntityFramework.SqlServer.dll


The problem in my case was that in order to catch another exception I had enabled common language runtime (CLR) exceptions. And I forgot to disable it.

I disabled it in my exception setting. and it overlooked this exception and went on to run and create a db for me (in my case) automatically.


This only happens inside my load/unit testing projects. Frustrating, I jyst had it crop up in a project I have been running for 2 years. Must have been some order of test running that breaks things. I guess once that fi gets removed its gone.

I found that simply declaring a variable that uses the correct value fixes the issue... I never even call the method. Just define it. Odd but it works.

    /// <summary>
    /// So that the test runner copies dlls not directly referenced by the integration project
    /// </summary>
    private void referenceLibs()
    {
        var useless = SqlProviderServices.Instance;
    }

When I inspected the problem, I have noticed that the following dll were missing in the output folder. The simple solution is copy Entityframework.dll and Entityframework.sqlserver.dll with the app.config to the output folder if the application is on debug mode. At the same time change, the build option parameter "Copy to output folder" of app.config to copy always. This will solve your problem.







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