android - studio - r cannot be resolved to a variable mainactivity.java eclipse




R cannot be resolved-Android error (20)

I just downloaded and installed the new Android SDK. I wanted to create a simple application to test drive it.

The wizard created this code:

package eu.mauriziopz.gps;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;

public class ggps extends Activity {
    /** Called when the activity is first created. */
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);
    }
}

but Eclipse gives me the error

R cannot be resolved

on line

setContentView(R.layout.main);

Why?

PS: I do have an XML file named main.xml under res/layout/.


my project have include a r.java.at the beginning ,R.layout.main work good.But,after adding some code it doesn't work,and the error is R.layout.main can't resolved.what's the problem?

Look at your imports. Chances are that the line:

import android.R;

will be there. If that's the case, remove it, so that your project will resolve R not with the default Android Resources class, but with the one auto-generated from your /res/ folder.


R.java is a file that the Android Eclipse plugins creates while building your application. R.java is created under the "gen" directory. This file is generated from the information in the "res" directory. If you run select "Project" -> "Clean..." on the Eclipse menu, it will remove and then regenerate the R.java file.

The problem "R cannot be resolved" happens when you change your package name in the AndroidManifest.xml file. It uses your Android package name to create a subdirectory under the "gen" directory where it stores the R.java file.

Eclipse may have problems executing clean, because it is confused about where the R.java file is when you have changed the Android package name. You can either rename the subdirectory under gen to match your new package name, or you can change your package name back to the old name. Do the clean and then change the package name to the new name you want. This works best if you stop Eclipse from trying to build while you are changing the package name. Under the "Project" menu uncheck the option to "Build Automatically" and also when the "Clean..." dialog asks if it should "Start a build immediately" uncheck the box so it doesn't try to build while you are changing the package name. After you have changed the name you can turn "Build Automatically" back on again.

Note that if your AndroidManifest.xml file package name does not match your Java package name, Eclipse will end up automatically adding an "import <your Android package name>.R;" line in all your .java files that have any references to R. If you change your AndroidManifest.xml package name, sometimes Eclipse does not update all of these added imports. If that happens, use the Eclipse refactoring (ALT + Shift + R) to change the import statement in one of your Java files to your new AndroidManifest.xml package name. It is best to do this while you have disabled "Build Automatically".


After tracking down this problem as well, I found this note in the Android documentation:

http://source.android.com/source/using-eclipse.html

*Note: Eclipse sometimes likes to add an "import android.R" statement at the top of your files that use resources, especially when you ask Eclipse to sort or otherwise manage imports. This will cause your make to break. Look out for these erroneous import statements and delete them.*

While going through the Android sample tutorials, I would often use the Ctrl + Shift + O command to "Organize Imports" and generate any missing import statements. Sometimes this would generate the incorrect import statement which would hide the R.java class that is automatically generated when you build.


Along with the great suggestions in the previous answers, make sure your Android target is set:

  1. Right-click on your project
  2. Choose Properties
  3. Choose Android in the left menu
  4. Tick a box next to the appropriate Project Build Target.
  5. Click Apply and OK

Edit: A year later I found another cause. I had a .jpg image in my drawable folder with the same name as a .png image. Referencing this image in my code must have confused the program and it gave the "R cannot be resolved" error.


Check the XML file names. Be sure that they're all in lowercase.

Also make sure that any image resource names are also all in LOWER CASE. I had a capital letter in the name of my jpg file, and it caused the R unresolved error right across my project.


Close all files, clean project, restart Eclipse.


First check is there any error in any xml layout or not, if then resolve it first.

Otherwise remove junit dependency from project and rebuild the project.


I had the examples of Android 8 and was trying to use Android 7 SDK. When I closed the project and reopened the application folder and chose to use Android 8 SDK, it was able to find the R file. Hope this helps.


I just had this problem for the millionth time and realized what was causing it: I created an XML file with uppercase letters in the name. All your XML filenames in /res must match [a-z0-9\\._].


In my case, I had an error in my AndroidManifest.xml. Others have said that your XML files must be free from errors, but I was only looking in the res/ folder. Find and fix as many possible errors and the problem may well resolve itself.


Just go to Android Top menu list. click on Build Menu, in under Build click on Rebuild Project.


Make sure you installed the Android build tool form sdk manager

project right click properties-> Java BuildPath select Library and add android-support.jar the follow these step.

Go to Project->Properties->Java Build Path than select Order and export tab. Set android-support .jar library checked and up it into top of the list. And clean and rebuild..It works for most of the cases


R is an automatically generated class that holds the constants used to identify your resources. If you don't have an R.java file (it would be gen/eu.mauriziopz.gps/R.java in Eclipse with the 1.5 SDK) I would recommend closing and reopening your project or going to Project > Build all (and selecting "Build Automatically" while there as recommended by Josef). If that doesn't work than try making a new project, if the problem is recreated than post here again and we'll go into more detail.


Remove main.out.xml. I'm new to this and don't yet know what this file is used for, but removing it cleared the problem.


This error can also be caused by adding an activity to a namespace that is different to the root namespace for your package.

For example, if com.example.myapp is the root namespace for your package, you can then add an activity to the com.example.myapp.activities namespace.

This will produce the "R cannot be resolved" error.

To fix the import the R in the default namespace in your activity should be:

import com.example.myapp.R;

This error cropped up on my x64 Linux Mint installation. It turned out that the result was a failure in the ADB binary, because the ia32-libs package was not installed. Simply running apt-get install ia32-libs and relaunching Eclipse fixed the error.

If your x64 distro does not have ia32-libs, you'll have to go Multiarch.

Check #4 and #5 on this post: http://crunchbang.org/forums/viewtopic.php?pid=277883#p277883

Hope this helps someone.


Unfortunately none of the existing questions helped. Since my problem seems platform specific, this may only work if you are on Ubuntu 64 Bit (I am currently using Ubuntu 12). At first I did not see the "Problems" Window, which already hinted a solution, that on 64 Bit Environment you need the 32 Bit libs, which may be missing:

sudo apt-get install ia32-libs

I installed the package and rebuild my project, which fixed the issue for me.


What Will said was right

R is an automatically generated class that holds the constants used to identify your >resources. If you don't have an R.java file (it would be gen/eu.mauriziopz.gps/R.java in >Eclipse with the 1.5 SDK) I would recommend closing and reopening your project or going to >Project > Build all (and selecting "Build Automatically" while there as recommended by >Josef). If that doesn't work than try making a new project, if the problem is recreated than >post here again and we'll go into more detail.

but I've found out that there was another problem that was causing the first one. The tools in the SDK directory didn't have the permissions to be executed, so it was like the didn't exist for Eclipse, thus it didn't build the R.java file.

So modifying the permission and selecting "Build Automatically" solved the problem.


Yet another reason R.java might not get autogenerated is if you have directories like res/drawable-hdpi, res/drawable-mdpi, or res/drawable-ldpi.

1.6+ seems to be OK with these directories, but 1.5 doesn't want them. When I removed those directories, R.java started autogenerating for me again.


You may need to update SDK tools. Relaunch Android SDK Manager again and install a new item: Android SDK Build-tools.







android-sdk-tools