jquery - how - restrict file upload type javascript

jquery-Check for file extension before uploading (6)

Here is a simple code for javascript validation, and after it validates it will clean the input file.

<input type="file" id="image" accept="image/*" onChange="validate(this.value)"/>

function validate(file) {
    var ext = file.split(".");
    ext = ext[ext.length-1].toLowerCase();      
    var arrayExtensions = ["jpg" , "jpeg", "png", "bmp", "gif"];

    if (arrayExtensions.lastIndexOf(ext) == -1) {
        alert("Wrong extension type.");

I am using uploadify for uploading files with Codeigniter. And before uploading the file I just have to check whether the file extension is correct is correct or not. I have tried with http://jquery.bassistance.de/ and also http://forum.jquery.com/

Bur didn't got proper result. Can anyone please tell me how can I do the same?

Thanks in advance...

I would like to thank the person who posted the answer, but he has deleted the post. We can do it like this.

   'uploader': ...,
   'script': ...
    'fileExt' : '*.jpg;*.gif;', //add allowed extensions
    'onSelect': function(e, q, f) {
        var validExtensions = ['jpg','gif']; //array of valid extensions
        var fileName = f.name;
        var fileNameExt = fileName.substr(fileName.lastIndexOf('.') + 1);
        if ($.inArray(fileNameExt, validExtensions) == -1){
           alert("Invalid file type");
           return false;

Thanks for the answer, it really worked...

If you want to do it without a plugin you could use the following.

Javascript, using jQuery:

$(document).ready( function (){
    $("#your_form").submit( function(submitEvent) {

        // get the file name, possibly with path (depends on browser)
        var filename = $("#file_input").val();

        // Use a regular expression to trim everything before final dot
        var extension = filename.replace(/^.*\./, '');

        // Iff there is no dot anywhere in filename, we would have extension == filename,
        // so we account for this possibility now
        if (extension == filename) {
            extension = '';
        } else {
            // if there is an extension, we convert to lower case
            // (N.B. this conversion will not effect the value of the extension
            // on the file upload.)
            extension = extension.toLowerCase();

        switch (extension) {
            case 'jpg':
            case 'jpeg':
            case 'png':
                alert("it's got an extension which suggests it's a PNG or JPG image (but N.B. that's only its name, so let's be sure that we, say, check the mime-type server-side!)");

            // uncomment the next line to allow the form to submitted in this case:
//          break;

                // Cancel the form submission



<form id="your_form" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
    <input id="file_input" type="file" />
    <input type="submit">

The following code allows to upload gif, png, jpg, jpeg and bmp files.

var extension = $('#your_file_id').val().split('.').pop().toLowerCase();

if($.inArray(extension, ['gif','png','jpg','jpeg','bmp']) == -1) {
    alert('Sorry, invalid extension.');
    return false;

<!DOCTYPE html>
      <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.3.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
               jQuery('.form-file input').each(function () {
                     $this = jQuery(this);
                          $this.on('change', function() {
                               var fsize = $this[0].files[0].size,
                                   ftype = $this[0].files[0].type,
                                   fname = $this[0].files[0].name,
                                   fextension = fname.substring(fname.lastIndexOf('.')+1);
                                   validExtensions = ["jpg","pdf","jpeg","gif","png","doc","docx","xls","xlsx","ppt","pptx","txt","zip","rar","gzip"];

                                if ($.inArray(fextension, validExtensions) == -1){
                                    alert("This type of files are not allowed!");
                                    this.value = "";
                                    return false;
                                    if(fsize > 3145728){/*1048576-1MB(You can change the size as you want)*/
                                        alert("File size too large! Please upload less than 3MB");
                                        this.value = "";
                                        return false;
                                    return true;


          <div class="form-file">
               <label for="file-upload" class="from-label">File Upload</label>
               <input class="form-control" name="file-upload" id="file-upload" type="file">


Here is complete answer for checking file size and file extension. This used default file input field and jQuery library. Working example : https://jsfiddle.net/9pfjq6zr/2/

        function yourfunctionName() {
            var yourFileName = $("#yourinputfieldis").val();

            var yourFileExtension = yourFileName .replace(/^.*\./, '');
            switch (yourFileExtension ) {
                case 'pdf':
                case 'jpg':
                case 'doc':
                    $("#formId").submit();// your condition what you want to do
                    alert('your File extension is wrong.');
                    this.value = '';