sockets shared memory - TCP loopback connection vs Unix Domain Socket performance

2 Answers

Yes, local interprocess communication by unix domain sockets should be faster than communication by loopback localhost connections because you have less TCP overhead, see here and here.

tuning example

Working on an Android and iOS based application which require communication with a server running in the same device. Currently using TCP loopback connection for communicating with App and Server (App written in user layer, server written in C++ using Android NDK)

I was wondering if replacing inter communication with Unix Domain socket would improve the performance?

Or in-general is there any evidence/theory that proves that Unix Domain socket would give better performance then TCP loopback connection?

Redis benchmark shows unix domain socket can be significant faster than TCP loopback.

When the server and client benchmark programs run on the same box, both the TCP/IP loopback and unix domain sockets can be used. Depending on the platform, unix domain sockets can achieve around 50% more throughput than the TCP/IP loopback (on Linux for instance). The default behavior of redis-benchmark is to use the TCP/IP loopback.

However, this difference only matters when throughput is high.