press - swipe detection android studio




Fling gesture detection on grid layout (12)

I want to get fling gesture detection working in my Android application.

What I have is a GridLayout that contains 9 ImageViews. The source can be found here: Romain Guys's Grid Layout.

That file I take is from Romain Guy's Photostream application and has only been slightly adapted.

For the simple click situation I need only set the onClickListener for each ImageView I add to be the main activity which implements View.OnClickListener. It seems infinitely more complicated to implement something that recognizes a fling. I presume this is because it may span views?

  • If my activity implements OnGestureListener I don't know how to set that as the gesture listener for the Grid or the Image views that I add.

    public class SelectFilterActivity extends Activity implements
       View.OnClickListener, OnGestureListener { ...
    
  • If my activity implements OnTouchListener then I have no onFling method to override (it has two events as parameters allowing me to determine if the fling was noteworthy).

    public class SelectFilterActivity extends Activity implements
        View.OnClickListener, OnTouchListener { ...
    
  • If I make a custom View, like GestureImageView that extends ImageView I don't know how to tell the activity that a fling has occurred from the view. In any case, I tried this and the methods weren't called when I touched the screen.

I really just need a concrete example of this working across views. What, when and how should I attach this listener? I need to be able to detect single clicks also.

// Gesture detection
mGestureDetector = new GestureDetector(this, new GestureDetector.SimpleOnGestureListener() {

    public boolean onFling(MotionEvent e1, MotionEvent e2, float velocityX, float velocityY) {
        int dx = (int) (e2.getX() - e1.getX());
        // don't accept the fling if it's too short
        // as it may conflict with a button push
        if (Math.abs(dx) > MAJOR_MOVE && Math.abs(velocityX) > Math.absvelocityY)) {
            if (velocityX > 0) {
                moveRight();
            } else {
                moveLeft();
            }
            return true;
        } else {
            return false;
        }
    }
});

Is it possible to lay a transparent view over the top of my screen to capture flings?

If I choose not to inflate my child image views from XML can I pass the GestureDetector as a constructor parameter to a new subclass of ImageView that I create?

This is the very simple activity that I'm trying to get the fling detection to work for: SelectFilterActivity (Adapted from photostream).

I've been looking at these sources:

Nothing has worked for me so far and I was hoping for some pointers.


Also as a minor enhancement.

The main reason for the try/catch block is that e1 could be null for the initial movement. in addition to the try/catch, include a test for null and return. similar to the following

if (e1 == null || e2 == null) return false;
try {
...
} catch (Exception e) {}
return false;

Gestures are those subtle motions to trigger interactions between the touch screen and the user. It lasts for the time between the first touch on the screen to the point when the last finger leaves the surface.

Android provides us with a class called GestureDetector using which we can detect common gestures like tapping down and up, swiping vertically and horizontally (fling), long and short press, double taps, etc. and attach listeners to them.

Make our Activity class implement GestureDetector.OnDoubleTapListener (for double tap gesture detection) and GestureDetector.OnGestureListener interfaces and implement all the abstract methods.For more info. you may visit https://developer.android.com/training/gestures/detector.html . Courtesy

For Demo Test.GestureDetectorDemo


I know its too late to answer but Still I am posting Swipe Detection for ListView that How to use Swipe Touch Listener in ListView Item.

Refrence: Exterminator13(one of answer in this page)

Make one ActivitySwipeDetector.class

package com.example.wocketapp;

import android.content.Context;
import android.util.DisplayMetrics;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.MotionEvent;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewConfiguration;

public class ActivitySwipeDetector implements View.OnTouchListener 
{
    static final String logTag = "SwipeDetector";
    private SwipeInterface activity;
    private float downX, downY;
    private long timeDown;
    private final float MIN_DISTANCE;
    private final int VELOCITY;
    private final float MAX_OFF_PATH;

    public ActivitySwipeDetector(Context context, SwipeInterface activity)
    {
        this.activity = activity;
        final ViewConfiguration vc = ViewConfiguration.get(context);
        DisplayMetrics dm = context.getResources().getDisplayMetrics();
        MIN_DISTANCE = vc.getScaledPagingTouchSlop() * dm.density;
        VELOCITY = vc.getScaledMinimumFlingVelocity();
        MAX_OFF_PATH = MIN_DISTANCE * 2;
    }

    public void onRightToLeftSwipe(View v) 
    {
        Log.i(logTag, "RightToLeftSwipe!");
        activity.onRightToLeft(v);
    }

    public void onLeftToRightSwipe(View v) 
    {
        Log.i(logTag, "LeftToRightSwipe!");
        activity.onLeftToRight(v);
    }

    public boolean onTouch(View v, MotionEvent event) 
    {
        switch (event.getAction()) 
        {
            case MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN:
            {
                Log.d("onTouch", "ACTION_DOWN");
                timeDown = System.currentTimeMillis();
                downX = event.getX();
                downY = event.getY();
                v.getParent().requestDisallowInterceptTouchEvent(false);
                return true;
            }

        case MotionEvent.ACTION_MOVE:
            {
                float y_up = event.getY();
                float deltaY = y_up - downY;
                float absDeltaYMove = Math.abs(deltaY);

                if (absDeltaYMove > 60) 
                {
                    v.getParent().requestDisallowInterceptTouchEvent(false);
                } 
                else
                {
                    v.getParent().requestDisallowInterceptTouchEvent(true);
                }
            }

            break;

            case MotionEvent.ACTION_UP: 
            {
                Log.d("onTouch", "ACTION_UP");
                long timeUp = System.currentTimeMillis();
                float upX = event.getX();
                float upY = event.getY();

                float deltaX = downX - upX;
                float absDeltaX = Math.abs(deltaX);
                float deltaY = downY - upY;
                float absDeltaY = Math.abs(deltaY);

                long time = timeUp - timeDown;

                if (absDeltaY > MAX_OFF_PATH) 
                {
                    Log.e(logTag, String.format(
                            "absDeltaY=%.2f, MAX_OFF_PATH=%.2f", absDeltaY,
                            MAX_OFF_PATH));
                    return v.performClick();
                }

                final long M_SEC = 1000;
                if (absDeltaX > MIN_DISTANCE && absDeltaX > time * VELOCITY / M_SEC) 
                {
                     v.getParent().requestDisallowInterceptTouchEvent(true);
                    if (deltaX < 0) 
                    {
                        this.onLeftToRightSwipe(v);
                        return true;
                    }
                    if (deltaX > 0) 
                    {
                        this.onRightToLeftSwipe(v);
                        return true;
                    }
                }
                else 
                {
                    Log.i(logTag,
                            String.format(
                                    "absDeltaX=%.2f, MIN_DISTANCE=%.2f, absDeltaX > MIN_DISTANCE=%b",
                                    absDeltaX, MIN_DISTANCE,
                                    (absDeltaX > MIN_DISTANCE)));
                    Log.i(logTag,
                            String.format(
                                    "absDeltaX=%.2f, time=%d, VELOCITY=%d, time*VELOCITY/M_SEC=%d, absDeltaX > time * VELOCITY / M_SEC=%b",
                                    absDeltaX, time, VELOCITY, time * VELOCITY
                                            / M_SEC, (absDeltaX > time * VELOCITY
                                            / M_SEC)));
                }

                 v.getParent().requestDisallowInterceptTouchEvent(false);

            }
        }
        return false;
    }
    public interface SwipeInterface 
    {

        public void onLeftToRight(View v);

        public void onRightToLeft(View v);
    }

}

Call it from your activity class like this:

yourLayout.setOnTouchListener(new ActivitySwipeDetector(this, your_activity.this));

And Don't forget to implement SwipeInterface which will give you two @override methods:

    @Override
    public void onLeftToRight(View v) 
    {
        Log.e("TAG", "L to R");
    }

    @Override
    public void onRightToLeft(View v) 
    {
        Log.e("TAG", "R to L");
    }

I nedded a more generic Class , I took Tomas's class and added an Interface that send events to your Activity or Fragment. it will register the listener on the constructor so be sure you implement the interface or an ClassCastException will be thorwn. the interface returns one of the four final int defined in the class and will return the view on which it was activated upon.

import android.app.Activity;
import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.MotionEvent;
import android.view.View;

public class SwipeDetector implements View.OnTouchListener{

    static final int MIN_DISTANCE = 100;
    private float downX, downY, upX, upY;
    public final static int RIGHT_TO_LEFT=1;
    public final static int LEFT_TO_RIGHT=2;
    public final static int TOP_TO_BOTTOM=3;
    public final static int BOTTOM_TO_TOP=4;
    private View v;

    private onSwipeEvent swipeEventListener;


    public SwipeDetector(Activity activity,View v){
        try{
            swipeEventListener=(onSwipeEvent)activity;
        }
        catch(ClassCastException e)
        {
            Log.e("ClassCastException",activity.toString()+" must implement SwipeDetector.onSwipeEvent");
        } 
        this.v=v;
    }
    public SwipeDetector(Fragment fragment,View v){
        try{
            swipeEventListener=(onSwipeEvent)fragment;
        }
        catch(ClassCastException e)
        {
            Log.e("ClassCastException",fragment.toString()+" must implement SwipeDetector.onSwipeEvent");
        } 
        this.v=v;
    }


    public void onRightToLeftSwipe(){   
        swipeEventListener.SwipeEventDetected(v,RIGHT_TO_LEFT);
    }

    public void onLeftToRightSwipe(){   
        swipeEventListener.SwipeEventDetected(v,LEFT_TO_RIGHT);
    }

    public void onTopToBottomSwipe(){   
        swipeEventListener.SwipeEventDetected(v,TOP_TO_BOTTOM);
    }

    public void onBottomToTopSwipe(){
        swipeEventListener.SwipeEventDetected(v,BOTTOM_TO_TOP);
    }

    public boolean onTouch(View v, MotionEvent event) {
        switch(event.getAction()){
        case MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN: {
            downX = event.getX();
            downY = event.getY();
            return true;
        }
        case MotionEvent.ACTION_UP: {
            upX = event.getX();
            upY = event.getY();

            float deltaX = downX - upX;
            float deltaY = downY - upY;

            //HORIZONTAL SCROLL
            if(Math.abs(deltaX) > Math.abs(deltaY))
            {
                if(Math.abs(deltaX) > MIN_DISTANCE){
                    // left or right
                    if(deltaX < 0) 
                    {
                        this.onLeftToRightSwipe();
                        return true;
                    }
                    if(deltaX > 0) {
                        this.onRightToLeftSwipe();
                        return true; 
                    }
                }
                else {
                    //not long enough swipe...
                    return false; 
                }
            }
            //VERTICAL SCROLL
            else 
            {
                if(Math.abs(deltaY) > MIN_DISTANCE){
                    // top or down
                    if(deltaY < 0) 
                    { this.onTopToBottomSwipe();
                    return true; 
                    }
                    if(deltaY > 0)
                    { this.onBottomToTopSwipe(); 
                    return true;
                    }
                }
                else {
                    //not long enough swipe...
                    return false;
                }
            }

            return true;
        }
        }
        return false;
    }
    public interface onSwipeEvent
    {
        public void SwipeEventDetected(View v , int SwipeType);
    }

}

If you dont like to create a separate class or make code complex,
You can just create a GestureDetector variable inside OnTouchListener and make your code more easier

namVyuVar can be any name of the View on which you need to set the listner

namVyuVar.setOnTouchListener(new View.OnTouchListener()
{
    @Override
    public boolean onTouch(View view, MotionEvent MsnEvtPsgVal)
    {
        flingActionVar.onTouchEvent(MsnEvtPsgVal);
        return true;
    }

    GestureDetector flingActionVar = new GestureDetector(getApplicationContext(), new GestureDetector.SimpleOnGestureListener()
    {
        private static final int flingActionMinDstVac = 120;
        private static final int flingActionMinSpdVac = 200;

        @Override
        public boolean onFling(MotionEvent fstMsnEvtPsgVal, MotionEvent lstMsnEvtPsgVal, float flingActionXcoSpdPsgVal, float flingActionYcoSpdPsgVal)
        {
            if(fstMsnEvtPsgVal.getX() - lstMsnEvtPsgVal.getX() > flingActionMinDstVac && Math.abs(flingActionXcoSpdPsgVal) > flingActionMinSpdVac)
            {
                // TskTdo :=> On Right to Left fling

                return false;
            }
            else if (lstMsnEvtPsgVal.getX() - fstMsnEvtPsgVal.getX() > flingActionMinDstVac && Math.abs(flingActionXcoSpdPsgVal) > flingActionMinSpdVac)
            {
                // TskTdo :=> On Left to Right fling

                return false;
            }

            if(fstMsnEvtPsgVal.getY() - lstMsnEvtPsgVal.getY() > flingActionMinDstVac && Math.abs(flingActionYcoSpdPsgVal) > flingActionMinSpdVac)
            {
                // TskTdo :=> On Bottom to Top fling

                return false;
            }
            else if (lstMsnEvtPsgVal.getY() - fstMsnEvtPsgVal.getY() > flingActionMinDstVac && Math.abs(flingActionYcoSpdPsgVal) > flingActionMinSpdVac)
            {
                // TskTdo :=> On Top to Bottom fling

                return false;
            }
            return false;
        }
    });
});

My version of solution proposed by Thomas Fankhauser and Marek Sebera (does not handle vertical swipes):

SwipeInterface.java

import android.view.View;

public interface SwipeInterface {

    public void onLeftToRight(View v);

    public void onRightToLeft(View v);
}

ActivitySwipeDetector.java

import android.content.Context;
import android.util.DisplayMetrics;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.MotionEvent;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewConfiguration;

public class ActivitySwipeDetector implements View.OnTouchListener {

    static final String logTag = "ActivitySwipeDetector";
    private SwipeInterface activity;
    private float downX, downY;
    private long timeDown;
    private final float MIN_DISTANCE;
    private final int VELOCITY;
    private final float MAX_OFF_PATH;

    public ActivitySwipeDetector(Context context, SwipeInterface activity){
        this.activity = activity;
        final ViewConfiguration vc = ViewConfiguration.get(context);
        DisplayMetrics dm = context.getResources().getDisplayMetrics();
        MIN_DISTANCE = vc.getScaledPagingTouchSlop() * dm.density;
        VELOCITY = vc.getScaledMinimumFlingVelocity();
        MAX_OFF_PATH = MIN_DISTANCE * 2;            
    }

    public void onRightToLeftSwipe(View v){
        Log.i(logTag, "RightToLeftSwipe!");
        activity.onRightToLeft(v);
    }

    public void onLeftToRightSwipe(View v){
        Log.i(logTag, "LeftToRightSwipe!");
        activity.onLeftToRight(v);
    }

    public boolean onTouch(View v, MotionEvent event) {
        switch(event.getAction()){
        case MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN: {
            Log.d("onTouch", "ACTION_DOWN");
            timeDown = System.currentTimeMillis();
            downX = event.getX();
            downY = event.getY();
            return true;
        }
        case MotionEvent.ACTION_UP: {
            Log.d("onTouch", "ACTION_UP");
            long timeUp = System.currentTimeMillis();
            float upX = event.getX();
            float upY = event.getY();

            float deltaX = downX - upX;
            float absDeltaX = Math.abs(deltaX); 
            float deltaY = downY - upY;
            float absDeltaY = Math.abs(deltaY);

            long time = timeUp - timeDown;

            if (absDeltaY > MAX_OFF_PATH) {
                Log.i(logTag, String.format("absDeltaY=%.2f, MAX_OFF_PATH=%.2f", absDeltaY, MAX_OFF_PATH));
                return v.performClick();
            }

            final long M_SEC = 1000;
            if (absDeltaX > MIN_DISTANCE && absDeltaX > time * VELOCITY / M_SEC) {
                if(deltaX < 0) { this.onLeftToRightSwipe(v); return true; }
                if(deltaX > 0) { this.onRightToLeftSwipe(v); return true; }
            } else {
                Log.i(logTag, String.format("absDeltaX=%.2f, MIN_DISTANCE=%.2f, absDeltaX > MIN_DISTANCE=%b", absDeltaX, MIN_DISTANCE, (absDeltaX > MIN_DISTANCE)));
                Log.i(logTag, String.format("absDeltaX=%.2f, time=%d, VELOCITY=%d, time*VELOCITY/M_SEC=%d, absDeltaX > time * VELOCITY / M_SEC=%b", absDeltaX, time, VELOCITY, time * VELOCITY / M_SEC, (absDeltaX > time * VELOCITY / M_SEC)));
            }

        }
        }
        return false;
    }

}

Thanks to Code Shogun, whose code I adapted to my situation.

Let your activity implementOnClickListener as usual:

public class SelectFilterActivity extends Activity implements OnClickListener {

  private static final int SWIPE_MIN_DISTANCE = 120;
  private static final int SWIPE_MAX_OFF_PATH = 250;
  private static final int SWIPE_THRESHOLD_VELOCITY = 200;
  private GestureDetector gestureDetector;
  View.OnTouchListener gestureListener;

  @Override
  protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

    /* ... */

    // Gesture detection
    gestureDetector = new GestureDetector(this, new MyGestureDetector());
    gestureListener = new View.OnTouchListener() {
      public boolean onTouch(View v, MotionEvent event) {
        return gestureDetector.onTouchEvent(event);
      }
    };

  }

  class MyGestureDetector extends SimpleOnGestureListener {
    @Override
    public boolean onFling(MotionEvent e1, MotionEvent e2, float velocityX, float velocityY) {
      try {
        if (Math.abs(e1.getY() - e2.getY()) > SWIPE_MAX_OFF_PATH)
          return false;
        // right to left swipe
        if(e1.getX() - e2.getX() > SWIPE_MIN_DISTANCE && Math.abs(velocityX) > SWIPE_THRESHOLD_VELOCITY) {
          Toast.makeText(SelectFilterActivity.this, "Left Swipe", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        } else if (e2.getX() - e1.getX() > SWIPE_MIN_DISTANCE && Math.abs(velocityX) > SWIPE_THRESHOLD_VELOCITY) {
          Toast.makeText(SelectFilterActivity.this, "Right Swipe", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }
      } catch (Exception e) {
         // nothing
      }
      return false;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onDown(MotionEvent e) {
      return true;
    }
  }
}

Attach your gesture listener to all the views you add to the main layout;

// Do this for each view added to the grid
imageView.setOnClickListener(SelectFilterActivity.this); 
imageView.setOnTouchListener(gestureListener);

Watch in awe as your overridden methods are hit, both the onClick(View v) of the activity and the onFling of the gesture listener.

public void onClick(View v) {
  Filter f = (Filter) v.getTag();
  FilterFullscreenActivity.show(this, input, f);
}

The post 'fling' dance is optional but encouraged.


The swipe gesture detector code above is very useful! You may however wish to make this solution density agnostic by using the following relative values (REL_SWIPE) rather than the absolute values (SWIPE_)

DisplayMetrics dm = getResources().getDisplayMetrics();

int REL_SWIPE_MIN_DISTANCE = (int)(SWIPE_MIN_DISTANCE * dm.densityDpi / 160.0f);
int REL_SWIPE_MAX_OFF_PATH = (int)(SWIPE_MAX_OFF_PATH * dm.densityDpi / 160.0f);
int REL_SWIPE_THRESHOLD_VELOCITY = (int)(SWIPE_THRESHOLD_VELOCITY * dm.densityDpi / 160.0f);

There's a built-in interface that you can use directly for all gestures:
Here is an explanation for a basic level user: There is 2 imports be careful in choosing that both are diferent


There's some proposition over the web (and this page) to use ViewConfiguration.getScaledTouchSlop() to have a device-scaled value for SWIPE_MIN_DISTANCE.

getScaledTouchSlop() is intended for the "scrolling threshold" distance, not swipe. The scrolling threshold distance has to be smaller than a "swing between page" threshold distance. For example, this function returns 12 pixels on my Samsung GS2, and the examples quoted in this page are around 100 pixels.

With API Level 8 (Android 2.2, Froyo), you've got getScaledPagingTouchSlop(), intended for page swipe. On my device, it returns 24 (pixels). So if you're on API Level < 8, I think "2 * getScaledTouchSlop()" should be the "standard" swipe threshold. But users of my application with small screens told me that it was too few... As on my application, you can scroll vertically, and change page horizontally. With the proposed value, they sometimes change page instead of scrolling.


This question is kind of old and in July 2011 Google released the Compatibility Package, revision 3) which includes the ViewPager that works with Android 1.6 upwards. The GestureListener answers posted for this question don't feel very elegant on Android. If you're looking for the code used in switching between photos in the Android Gallery or switching views in the new Play Market app then it's definitely ViewPager.

Here's some links for more info:


To all: don't forget about case MotionEvent.ACTION_CANCEL:

it calls in 30% swipes without ACTION_UP

and its equal to ACTION_UP in this case





gesture-recognition