clang - triple - llvm_targets_to_build list

clang: how to list supported target architectures? (4)

According to Jonathan Roelofs in this talk “Which targets does Clang support?”:

$ llc --version
  LLVM version 3.6.0
  Optimized build with assertions.
  Built Apr  2 2015 (01:25:22).
  Default target: x86_64-apple-darwin12.6.0
  Host CPU: corei7-avx

  Registered Targets:
    aarch64    - AArch64 (little endian)
    aarch64_be - AArch64 (big endian)
    amdgcn     - AMD GCN GPUs
    arm        - ARM
    arm64      - ARM64 (little endian)
    armeb      - ARM (big endian)
    cpp        - C++ backend
    hexagon    - Hexagon
    mips       - Mips
    mips64     - Mips64 [experimental]
    mips64el   - Mips64el [experimental]
    mipsel     - Mipsel
    msp430     - MSP430 [experimental]
    nvptx      - NVIDIA PTX 32-bit
    nvptx64    - NVIDIA PTX 64-bit
    ppc32      - PowerPC 32
    ppc64      - PowerPC 64
    ppc64le    - PowerPC 64 LE
    r600       - AMD GPUs HD2XXX-HD6XXX
    sparc      - Sparc
    sparcv9    - Sparc V9
    systemz    - SystemZ
    thumb      - Thumb
    thumbeb    - Thumb (big endian)
    x86        - 32-bit X86: Pentium-Pro and above
    x86-64     - 64-bit X86: EM64T and AMD64
    xcore      - XCore

Future versions of Clang may provide the following. They are listed as "proposed" though not yet available at least as of v 3.9.0:

$ clang -target <target_from_list_above> --print-multi-libs
$ clang -print-supported-archs
$ clang -march x86 -print-supported-systems 
$ clang -march x86 -print-available-systems 

Currently I am interested in ARM in general and specifically iphone/android targets. But I just want to know more about clang, since it feels to play important role in the years to come.

I tried

clang -cc1 --help|grep -i list
clang -cc1 --help|grep arch|grep -v search
clang -cc1 --help|grep target

 -triple <value>         Specify target triple (e.g. i686-apple-darwin9)

I know clang has -triplet parameter, but how can I list all possible values for it? I found that clang is very different to gcc in respect to cross compiling, in GCC world you should have separate binary for everything, like PLATFORM_make or PLATFORM_ld (i*86-pc-cygwin i*86-*-linux-gnu etc.

in clang world, it's only one binary (as I read on some forums). But how do I get the list of supported targets? And if my target it not supported on my distro(linux/windows/macos/whatever) how can I get the one that supports more platform?

if I SVN latest clang like this:

svn co clang

will I get most of platforms? It looks like Clang was not built with cross compiling in mind right away, but since it's llvm based it should be very cross-friendly in theory? thank you!

Also try

> llc -mattr=help

Available CPUs for this target:

  amdfam10      - Select the amdfam10 processor.
  athlon        - Select the athlon processor.
  athlon-4      - Select the athlon-4 processor.
  athlon-fx     - Select the athlon-fx processor.
  athlon-mp     - Select the athlon-mp processor.
  athlon-tbird  - Select the athlon-tbird processor.
  athlon-xp     - Select the athlon-xp processor.
  athlon64      - Select the athlon64 processor.
  athlon64-sse3 - Select the athlon64-sse3 processor.
  atom          - Select the atom processor.
Available features for this target:

  16bit-mode           - 16-bit mode (i8086).
  32bit-mode           - 32-bit mode (80386).
  3dnow                - Enable 3DNow! instructions.
  3dnowa               - Enable 3DNow! Athlon instructions.
  64bit                - Support 64-bit instructions.
  64bit-mode           - 64-bit mode (x86_64).
  adx                  - Support ADX instructions.

It won't list all the triples, but

llvm-as < /dev/null | llc -mcpu=help

will at least list all the CPUs.

One hint you can do: if you're trying to find a particular target triple, is to install llvm on that system then do a

$ llc --version | grep Default
  Default target: x86_64-apple-darwin16.1.0

or alternatively:

$ llvm-config --host-target
$ clang -v 2>&1 | grep Target
Target: x86_64-apple-darwin16.1.0

Then you know how to target it when cross compiling anyway.

Apparently there are "lots" of targets out there, here's a list, feel free to add to it, community wiki style:

i686-w64-windows-gnu # same as i686-w64-mingw32
x86_64-pc-linux-gnu # from ubuntu 64 bit
x86_64-unknown-windows-cygnus # cygwin 64-bit
x86_64-w64-windows-gnu # same as x86_64-w64-mingw32
i686-pc-windows-gnu # MSVC
x86_64-pc-windows-gnu # MSVC 64-BIT

Here's what the docs list anyway (apparently it's a quadruple [or quintuple?] instead of a triple these days):

The triple has the general format <arch><sub>-<vendor>-<sys>-<abi>, where:
arch = x86, arm, thumb, mips, etc.
sub = for ex. on ARM: v5, v6m, v7a, v7m, etc.
vendor = pc, apple, nvidia, ibm, etc.
sys = none, linux, win32, darwin, cuda, etc.
abi = eabi, gnu, android, macho, elf, etc.

and you can even fine tune specify a target cpu beyond this, though it uses a sensible default for the target cpu based on the triple.

Sometimes targets "resolve" to the same thing, so to see what a target is actually treated as:

 $ clang -target x86_64-w64-mingw32 -v 2>&1 | grep Target
 Target: x86_64-w64-windows-gnu