c# - tutorial - passing model to partial view from controller




Posting to another model from a form in ASP.NET MVC (4)

Yes, you can strongly type a view to one model and POST it to another model.

In doing so you have two options:

  1. Manually provide correct names for each input field, so that the default binder will understand it and create the model (example).

    While this works, it also means you have to keep an eye on typos and you will not get any compile-time errors if you misspell a property name.

  2. Manually create a HTML helper in the view bound to the new model type. It will then properly generate the HTML for you.

    In order to construct the helper, you need a wrapper object that would expose the instance of your model in the form of the IViewDataContainer interface. You can define that wrapper anywhere, including the model itself:

    public class NewModel
    {
      public int ID { get; set; }
      public int UserID { get; set; }
      public string Description { get; set; }
    
      public class WrapperForHtmlHelper : System.Web.Mvc.IViewDataContainer
      {
        public System.Web.Mvc.ViewDataDictionary ViewData { get; set; }
    
        public WrapperForHtmlHelper(NewModel value)
        {
            this.ViewData = new System.Web.Mvc.ViewDataDictionary<NewModel>(value);
        }
      }
    }

    Then in a view you create a helper bound to an instance of NewModel:

    var ModelToPost = new YourApp.Models.NewModel() { ID = 1, UserID = 43, Description = "" }
    
    var hlp = new HtmlHelper<YourApp.Models.NewModel>
             (this.ViewContext,
              new YourApp.Models.NewModel.WrapperForHtmlHelper(ModelToPost)
             );

    And then you use the helper as usual:

    @hlp.HiddenFor(m => m.ID)
    @hlp.HiddenFor(m => m.UserID)
    @hlp.TextAreaFor(m => m.Description)

    Then your PartialViewResult Add(ViewModels.NewModel model) will properly receive the data.

If I have a view that has a model, lets say Car..

@model Project.Car

inside that view I want to create a form that sends data to a new model

    @using (Html.BeginForm("Add", "Controller"))
    {
        @Html.Hidden("ID", "1")
        @Html.Hidden("UserID", "44")
        @Html.TextArea("Description")
    }

I've noticed that if my action is defined with my ViewModel it does not work (model is always null):

    [HttpPost]
    public PartialViewResult Add(ViewModels.NewModel model)

However, if I use a FormCollection it works:

    [HttpPost]
    public PartialViewResult Add(FormCollection formCollection)

Here is the ViewModel:

public class NewModel
{
    public int ID { get; set; }
    public int UserID { get; set; }
    public string Description { get; set; }
}

My question is can I post data to NewModel from my form? The View that it sits on is correct to be tied to Project.Car. Its a small form on the page that needs to post a different set of data that has nothing to do with Project.Car.


You can also create a custom model binder for this purpose.


Your view is set up to use a model of type Project.Car however your action method takes a model of type ViewModels.NewModel, but also your model class posted is of type Add?

Change them all to match (assuming Add is correct):

View:

@model Add

Controller:

[HttpPost]
public PartialViewResult Add(Add model)

My question is can I post data to NewModel from my form? 

The short answer is yes you can post the form to any controller action on any controller related to any Model in your application.

For example, for your form to post to the "Add" action on the NewModel controller:

@using (Html.BeginForm("Add", "NewModel"))
    {
        @Html.Hidden("ID", "1")
        @Html.Hidden("UserID", "44")
        @Html.TextArea("Description")
    }

Since your view is strongly typed to your Car model, You can either change this and send a ViewModel to your view whose type matches the model your updating (as Darin demonstrated), or you'll need to map the post data from Car onto NewModel in your controller:

On the CarController's Add action (Post) :

[HttpPost]
public PartialViewResult Add(Car model)
{
    //now map attribute values from the Car model onto 
    //corresponding attributes of an instance of NewModel
    NewModel new = new NewModel();
    new.ID = model.ID;
    new.UserID = model.UserID;
    new.Desc = model.Description;
    //etc...

    //update your model/db
    _db.Add(new);

    //Redirect however you wish...
}

Also, check out AutoMapper, an object-to-object mapper which automates mapping of ViewModels onto Models and vice versa.





razor